Euthanasia and death with dignity in Japanese law

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Abstract

In Japan, there are no acts and, specific provisions or official guidelines on euthanasia, but recently, as I will mention below, an official guideline on "death with dignity" has been made. Nevertheless in fact, this guideline provides only a few rules of process on terminal care. Therefore the problems of euthanasia and "death with dignity" are mainly left to the legal interpretation by literatures and judicial precedents of homicide (Article 199 of the Criminal Code; where there is no distinction between murder and manslaughter) and of homicide with consent (Article 202 of the Criminal Code). Furthermore, there are several cases on euthanasia or "death with dignity" as well as borderline cases in Japan. In this paper I will present the situation of the latest discussions on euthanasia and "death with dignity" in Japan from the viewpoint of medical law. Especially, "death with dignity" is seriously discussed in Japan, therefore I focus on it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-223
Number of pages7
JournalJournal de Medecine Legale Droit Medical
Volume55
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sep 1

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Keywords

  • Active euthanasia
  • Allowing to die
  • Assisted suicide
  • Decision making
  • Dignity
  • Guilt
  • Japan
  • Legislation
  • Terminal care
  • Third party consent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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