Evacuation behavior and fatality during the 2011 Tohoku tsunami

Nam Yi Yun, Masanori Hamada

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The 2011 Great East Japan earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves, causing disastrous damages in a vast area and took more than 18,000 lives. Despite the unprecedented disaster, some of the buildings and concrete bridges located in tsunami-inundated areas survived and functioned as effective shelters for those who evacuated. It indicates that the disaster could be the product of other factors such as behavioral or environmental factor. In order to study the human impact in the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, it investigates the relationships among evacuation behaviors (i.e., evacuation starting time), preparedness before the disaster, and evacuee’s characteristics and survival rate of the 2011 disaster. Results show that behaviors during the disaster differentiated for the survivors and the dead and missing. A model is developed based on the analysis of each evacuation behavior factors on the fatalities; integrated strategies are proposed and discussed for the reduction of casualties in the future large-scaled natural disasters.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)144-155
    Number of pages12
    JournalScience of Tsunami Hazards
    Volume33
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    tsunami
    disaster
    natural disaster
    anthropogenic effect
    shelter
    environmental factor
    earthquake
    damage

    Keywords

    • Evacuation behavior
    • Fatalities
    • Human impact
    • Tohoku tsunami

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geology
    • Oceanography

    Cite this

    Evacuation behavior and fatality during the 2011 Tohoku tsunami. / Yun, Nam Yi; Hamada, Masanori.

    In: Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 33, No. 3, 2014, p. 144-155.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Yun, NY & Hamada, M 2014, 'Evacuation behavior and fatality during the 2011 Tohoku tsunami', Science of Tsunami Hazards, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 144-155.
    Yun, Nam Yi ; Hamada, Masanori. / Evacuation behavior and fatality during the 2011 Tohoku tsunami. In: Science of Tsunami Hazards. 2014 ; Vol. 33, No. 3. pp. 144-155.
    @article{cb7f04f40bbd40afb6734387a95ca848,
    title = "Evacuation behavior and fatality during the 2011 Tohoku tsunami",
    abstract = "The 2011 Great East Japan earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves, causing disastrous damages in a vast area and took more than 18,000 lives. Despite the unprecedented disaster, some of the buildings and concrete bridges located in tsunami-inundated areas survived and functioned as effective shelters for those who evacuated. It indicates that the disaster could be the product of other factors such as behavioral or environmental factor. In order to study the human impact in the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, it investigates the relationships among evacuation behaviors (i.e., evacuation starting time), preparedness before the disaster, and evacuee’s characteristics and survival rate of the 2011 disaster. Results show that behaviors during the disaster differentiated for the survivors and the dead and missing. A model is developed based on the analysis of each evacuation behavior factors on the fatalities; integrated strategies are proposed and discussed for the reduction of casualties in the future large-scaled natural disasters.",
    keywords = "Evacuation behavior, Fatalities, Human impact, Tohoku tsunami",
    author = "Yun, {Nam Yi} and Masanori Hamada",
    year = "2014",
    language = "English",
    volume = "33",
    pages = "144--155",
    journal = "Science of Tsunami Hazards",
    issn = "8755-6839",
    publisher = "Tsunami Society",
    number = "3",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Evacuation behavior and fatality during the 2011 Tohoku tsunami

    AU - Yun, Nam Yi

    AU - Hamada, Masanori

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - The 2011 Great East Japan earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves, causing disastrous damages in a vast area and took more than 18,000 lives. Despite the unprecedented disaster, some of the buildings and concrete bridges located in tsunami-inundated areas survived and functioned as effective shelters for those who evacuated. It indicates that the disaster could be the product of other factors such as behavioral or environmental factor. In order to study the human impact in the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, it investigates the relationships among evacuation behaviors (i.e., evacuation starting time), preparedness before the disaster, and evacuee’s characteristics and survival rate of the 2011 disaster. Results show that behaviors during the disaster differentiated for the survivors and the dead and missing. A model is developed based on the analysis of each evacuation behavior factors on the fatalities; integrated strategies are proposed and discussed for the reduction of casualties in the future large-scaled natural disasters.

    AB - The 2011 Great East Japan earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves, causing disastrous damages in a vast area and took more than 18,000 lives. Despite the unprecedented disaster, some of the buildings and concrete bridges located in tsunami-inundated areas survived and functioned as effective shelters for those who evacuated. It indicates that the disaster could be the product of other factors such as behavioral or environmental factor. In order to study the human impact in the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, it investigates the relationships among evacuation behaviors (i.e., evacuation starting time), preparedness before the disaster, and evacuee’s characteristics and survival rate of the 2011 disaster. Results show that behaviors during the disaster differentiated for the survivors and the dead and missing. A model is developed based on the analysis of each evacuation behavior factors on the fatalities; integrated strategies are proposed and discussed for the reduction of casualties in the future large-scaled natural disasters.

    KW - Evacuation behavior

    KW - Fatalities

    KW - Human impact

    KW - Tohoku tsunami

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84908457874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84908457874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    M3 - Article

    VL - 33

    SP - 144

    EP - 155

    JO - Science of Tsunami Hazards

    JF - Science of Tsunami Hazards

    SN - 8755-6839

    IS - 3

    ER -