Evaluation of anticonvulsant-induced bone change by microdensitometric method

Y. Iwata, K. Amano, H. Kawamura, T. Tanikawa, H. Kawabatake, M. Notani, H. Iseki, T. Shiwaku, T. Nagao, T. Taira

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    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The effect of long-term anticonvulsants on bone change was evaluated by microdensitometric method (MD method) in 221 outpatients of Neurological Institute Tokyo Women's Medical College. Laboratory findings including serum Ca, P, Al-p were compared with severity of bone change. Following results were obtained; 1) In 221 patients, 159 cases (72%) were normal, 31 cases (14%) were in the initial stage of abnormality, 23 cases (10%) in grade grade I, 7 cases (3%) in grade II and one case (1%) in grade III of abnormality. 2) Incidence of abnormality was high in the age of 26-35 years old and in the age over 56 years old. 3) Total dose, serum concentration of diphenylhydantoin (DPH) as well as phenobarbital (PB) and also duration of administration of PB correlated positively with severity of bone change. Duration of administration of DPH and valproic acid (VPA), total dose and serum concentration of VPA did not correlate with severity of bone change. 4) Serum Ca correlated with severity of bone change, but P and Al-p did not correlate with severity of bone change. 5) Pattern of bone change was estimated by two parameters of MD method (MCI and GSmax). Results showed that most of the osteopathy (grade I-III by MD method) fell into osteoporotic type. Based on these results, it is suggested that roentgenologic and biochemical supervision of the patients is required during long-term anticonvulsant therapy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)293-299
    Number of pages7
    JournalNeurological Surgery
    Volume13
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1985 Oct 10

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Clinical Neurology

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