Evaluation of cationic liposomes composed of an amino acid-based lipid for neuronal transfection

Yosuke Obata, Gianni Ciofani, Vittoria Raffa, Alfred Cuschieri, Arianna Menciassi, Paolo Dario, Shinji Takeoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the ability of cationic liposomes composed of 1,5-dihexadecyl N-arginyl-L-glutamate (Arg-Glu2C16) to carry nucleic acids into neuronal cells. Such liposomes have been shown to have a remarkable capacity for transfecting immortalized cell lines. Lipoplexes between the Arg-Glu2C16 liposomes and plasmid DNA encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) were analyzed in terms of lipoplex formation, intracellular DNA trafficking, transfection efficiency, and cytotoxicity in neuronal SH-SY5Y cells. A maximum number of cells expressing GFP was obtained with lipoplexes at a lipid-to-DNA ratio of 15. With these lipoplexes, 16% of the cells were GFP-positive, which was approximately fourfold higher than the level obtained with a commercially available transfection reagent, Lipofectamine 2000. Furthermore, as a result of the low cytotoxicity of the Arg-Glu2C16 lipoplexes, the proportion of GFP-positive cells could be increased to 25% by increasing the concentration of lipoplexes that was applied to the cells. We have demonstrated that Arg-Glu2C16, as a model cationic amino acid-based lipid, has a high capability as a gene carrier, even for neuronal transfection. From the Clinical Editor: In this study, specific cationic liposomes were characterized as nucleic acid transfection agents for neuronal cells. A fourfold higher transfection rate with low cytotoxicity was reported compared to Lipofectamine 2000, a commercial reagent. The authors conclude that the studied cationic liposomes have a high capability as a gene carrier for neuronal transfection. This may become clinically significant in future gene therapy efforts of neuronal diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-77
Number of pages8
JournalNanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amino lipids
  • Cationic liposomes
  • Gene therapy
  • Neuronal transfection
  • Plasmid DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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