Evaluation of mechanical properties of untwisted carbon nanotube yarn for application to composite materials

Kaoru Sugano, Masashi Kurata, Hiroyuki Kawada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with superior mechanical properties have been of interest as reinforcement for polymer composites. However, the length of individual CNTs is limited. As a solution, yarns spun by twisting together multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) have been reported. In this study, untwisted CNT yarns were prepared by a non-conventional method drawing CNTs through a die. The MWCNTs in these yarns are held together by strong van der Waals forces that arise due to the interactions on the long and smooth surfaces of the MWCNTs. Here, mechanical properties of untwisted CNT yarn were studied by tensile tests. The strength of the CNT yarn was increased by increasing the apparent density of the yarn. The CNT yarns showed high tensile strength of 1 GPa and elastic modulus of 79 GPa at a yarn diameter of 35 μm. The interfacial shear strength between the CNT yarn and epoxy resin was studied by the microdroplet method, and it was very low. The wettability of the CNT yarn was affected by a type of curing agent. A unidirectional composite of epoxy resin and CNT yarn was prepared by the pultrusion molding method. Mechanical properties of the unidirectional composite were affected by the type of curing agent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-365
Number of pages10
JournalCarbon
Volume78
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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