Evaluation of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field Strength Using the Cosmic-Ray Shadow of the Sun

(The Tibet ASγ Collaboration)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyze the Sun's shadow observed with the Tibet-III air shower array and find that the shadow's center deviates northward (southward) from the optical solar disk center in the "away" ("toward") interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) sector. By comparing with numerical simulations based on the solar magnetic field model, we find that the average IMF strength in the away (toward) sector is 1.54±0.21stat±0.20syst (1.62±0.15stat±0.22syst) times larger than the model prediction. These demonstrate that the observed Sun's shadow is a useful tool for the quantitative evaluation of the average solar magnetic field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number031101
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume120
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 16

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interplanetary magnetic fields
cosmic rays
field strength
solar magnetic field
sun
evaluation
sectors
Tibet
cosmic ray showers
predictions
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Evaluation of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field Strength Using the Cosmic-Ray Shadow of the Sun. / (The Tibet ASγ Collaboration).

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 120, No. 3, 031101, 16.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Evaluation of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field Strength Using the Cosmic-Ray Shadow of the Sun",
abstract = "We analyze the Sun's shadow observed with the Tibet-III air shower array and find that the shadow's center deviates northward (southward) from the optical solar disk center in the {"}away{"} ({"}toward{"}) interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) sector. By comparing with numerical simulations based on the solar magnetic field model, we find that the average IMF strength in the away (toward) sector is 1.54±0.21stat±0.20syst (1.62±0.15stat±0.22syst) times larger than the model prediction. These demonstrate that the observed Sun's shadow is a useful tool for the quantitative evaluation of the average solar magnetic field.",
author = "{(The Tibet ASγ Collaboration)} and M. Amenomori and Bi, {X. J.} and D. Chen and Chen, {T. L.} and Chen, {W. Y.} and Cui, {S. W.} and Danzengluobu and Ding, {L. K.} and Feng, {C. F.} and Zhaoyang Feng and Feng, {Z. Y.} and Gou, {Q. B.} and Guo, {Y. Q.} and He, {H. H.} and He, {Z. T.} and K. Hibino and N. Hotta and Haibing Hu and Hu, {H. B.} and J. Huang and Jia, {H. Y.} and L. Jiang and F. Kajino and K. Kasahara and Y. Katayose and C. Kato and K. Kawata and M. Kozai and Labaciren and Le, {G. M.} and Li, {A. F.} and Li, {H. J.} and Li, {W. J.} and C. Liu and Liu, {J. S.} and Liu, {M. Y.} and H. Lu and Meng, {X. R.} and T. Miyazaki and K. Mizutani and K. Munakata and T. Nakajima and Y. Nakamura and H. Nanjo and M. Nishizawa and T. Niwa and M. Ohnishi and I. Ohta and Shunsuke Ozawa and Shoji Torii",
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T1 - Evaluation of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field Strength Using the Cosmic-Ray Shadow of the Sun

AU - (The Tibet ASγ Collaboration)

AU - Amenomori, M.

AU - Bi, X. J.

AU - Chen, D.

AU - Chen, T. L.

AU - Chen, W. Y.

AU - Cui, S. W.

AU - Danzengluobu,

AU - Ding, L. K.

AU - Feng, C. F.

AU - Feng, Zhaoyang

AU - Feng, Z. Y.

AU - Gou, Q. B.

AU - Guo, Y. Q.

AU - He, H. H.

AU - He, Z. T.

AU - Hibino, K.

AU - Hotta, N.

AU - Hu, Haibing

AU - Hu, H. B.

AU - Huang, J.

AU - Jia, H. Y.

AU - Jiang, L.

AU - Kajino, F.

AU - Kasahara, K.

AU - Katayose, Y.

AU - Kato, C.

AU - Kawata, K.

AU - Kozai, M.

AU - Labaciren,

AU - Le, G. M.

AU - Li, A. F.

AU - Li, H. J.

AU - Li, W. J.

AU - Liu, C.

AU - Liu, J. S.

AU - Liu, M. Y.

AU - Lu, H.

AU - Meng, X. R.

AU - Miyazaki, T.

AU - Mizutani, K.

AU - Munakata, K.

AU - Nakajima, T.

AU - Nakamura, Y.

AU - Nanjo, H.

AU - Nishizawa, M.

AU - Niwa, T.

AU - Ohnishi, M.

AU - Ohta, I.

AU - Ozawa, Shunsuke

AU - Torii, Shoji

PY - 2018/1/16

Y1 - 2018/1/16

N2 - We analyze the Sun's shadow observed with the Tibet-III air shower array and find that the shadow's center deviates northward (southward) from the optical solar disk center in the "away" ("toward") interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) sector. By comparing with numerical simulations based on the solar magnetic field model, we find that the average IMF strength in the away (toward) sector is 1.54±0.21stat±0.20syst (1.62±0.15stat±0.22syst) times larger than the model prediction. These demonstrate that the observed Sun's shadow is a useful tool for the quantitative evaluation of the average solar magnetic field.

AB - We analyze the Sun's shadow observed with the Tibet-III air shower array and find that the shadow's center deviates northward (southward) from the optical solar disk center in the "away" ("toward") interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) sector. By comparing with numerical simulations based on the solar magnetic field model, we find that the average IMF strength in the away (toward) sector is 1.54±0.21stat±0.20syst (1.62±0.15stat±0.22syst) times larger than the model prediction. These demonstrate that the observed Sun's shadow is a useful tool for the quantitative evaluation of the average solar magnetic field.

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DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.031101

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VL - 120

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 3

M1 - 031101

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