Evaluation of thermal shock fracture resistance of B4C/CNT composites with a high-frequency induction-heating furnace

R. S.S. Maki, M. Fajar, J. Maletaskic, A. V. Gubarevich, K. Yoshida, T. Yano, T. S. Suzuki, T. Uchikoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Boron carbide (B4C) ceramics with high thermal stability and relatively large cross-section for fast neutron absorption have been used as neutron absorbers of the control rods for the fast breeder reactors (FBR). However, cracks induced in B4C pellets due to thermal stress and swelling during neutron irradiation have been one of the practical problems, which leads to short lifetime of the control rods. It is essential to improve the mechanical properties of B4C ceramics for suppressing the cracking of B4C pellets and to enhance the thermal conductivity for relaxation of thermal stress during neutron irradiation. According to our previous study, the fracture toughness and thermal conductivity of B4C ceramics were enhanced by carbon nanotube (CNT) addition. In the present work, we report the dependence of the thermal and mechanical properties on the CNT-orientation in the sintered body prepared by hot-pressing and the enhancement of thermal shock fracture resistance of the obtained B4C/CNT composites. The thermal shock fracture resistance of hot-pressed B4C/CNT composites was evaluated by means of thermal shock test with a high-frequency induction-heating furnace. The dependence of the thermal properties on the CNT-orientation and the enhancement of thermal shock resistance of B4C ceramics were confirmed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Today: Proceedings
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event6th International Symposium on Advanced Ceramics, ISAC 2018 - Sendai, Japan
Duration: 2018 Mar 102018 Mar 12

Keywords

  • Boron carbide (BC)
  • Carbon nanotube (CNT)
  • Thermal properties
  • Thermal shock fracture resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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