Evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel in proton–proton collisions at √s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector using the Matrix Element Method

ATLAS Collaboration

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    38 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This Letter presents evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel using proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed on events containing one isolated electron or muon, large missing transverse momentum and exactly two b-tagged jets in the final state. The analysed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb−1. The signal is extracted using a maximum-likelihood fit of a discriminant which is based on the matrix element method and optimized in order to separate single-top-quark s-channel events from the main background contributions, which are top-quark pair production and W boson production in association with heavy-flavour jets. The measurement leads to an observed signal significance of 3.2 standard deviations and a measured cross-section of σs=4.8±0.8(stat.)−1.3 +1.6(syst.) pb, which is consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The expected significance for the analysis is 3.9 standard deviations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)228-246
    Number of pages19
    JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
    Volume756
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 10

    Fingerprint

    quarks
    collisions
    standard deviation
    detectors
    matrices
    pair production
    transverse momentum
    center of mass
    muons
    bosons
    luminosity
    cross sections
    electrons
    energy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

    Cite this

    @article{8e96a26b186d457c9b388dd2b103cbd5,
    title = "Evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel in proton–proton collisions at √s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector using the Matrix Element Method",
    abstract = "This Letter presents evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel using proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed on events containing one isolated electron or muon, large missing transverse momentum and exactly two b-tagged jets in the final state. The analysed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb−1. The signal is extracted using a maximum-likelihood fit of a discriminant which is based on the matrix element method and optimized in order to separate single-top-quark s-channel events from the main background contributions, which are top-quark pair production and W boson production in association with heavy-flavour jets. The measurement leads to an observed signal significance of 3.2 standard deviations and a measured cross-section of σs=4.8±0.8(stat.)−1.3 +1.6(syst.) pb, which is consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The expected significance for the analysis is 3.9 standard deviations.",
    author = "{ATLAS Collaboration} and G. Aad and B. Abbott and J. Abdallah and O. Abdinov and R. Aben and M. Abolins and AbouZeid, {O. S.} and H. Abramowicz and H. Abreu and R. Abreu and Y. Abulaiti and Acharya, {B. S.} and L. Adamczyk and Adams, {D. L.} and J. Adelman and S. Adomeit and T. Adye and Affolder, {A. A.} and T. Agatonovic-Jovin and J. Agricola and Aguilar-Saavedra, {J. A.} and Ahlen, {S. P.} and F. Ahmadov and G. Aielli and H. Akerstedt and {\AA}kesson, {T. P.A.} and Akimov, {A. V.} and Alberghi, {G. L.} and J. Albert and S. Albrand and {Alconada Verzini}, {M. J.} and M. Aleksa and Aleksandrov, {I. N.} and C. Alexa and G. Alexander and T. Alexopoulos and M. Alhroob and G. Alimonti and L. Alio and J. Alison and Alkire, {S. P.} and Allbrooke, {B. M.M.} and Allport, {P. P.} and A. Aloisio and A. Alonso and F. Alonso and C. Alpigiani and Takashi Mitani and Masahiro Morinaga and Kohei Yorita",
    year = "2016",
    month = "5",
    day = "10",
    doi = "10.1016/j.physletb.2016.03.017",
    language = "English",
    volume = "756",
    pages = "228--246",
    journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
    issn = "0370-2693",
    publisher = "Elsevier",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel in proton–proton collisions at √s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector using the Matrix Element Method

    AU - ATLAS Collaboration

    AU - Aad, G.

    AU - Abbott, B.

    AU - Abdallah, J.

    AU - Abdinov, O.

    AU - Aben, R.

    AU - Abolins, M.

    AU - AbouZeid, O. S.

    AU - Abramowicz, H.

    AU - Abreu, H.

    AU - Abreu, R.

    AU - Abulaiti, Y.

    AU - Acharya, B. S.

    AU - Adamczyk, L.

    AU - Adams, D. L.

    AU - Adelman, J.

    AU - Adomeit, S.

    AU - Adye, T.

    AU - Affolder, A. A.

    AU - Agatonovic-Jovin, T.

    AU - Agricola, J.

    AU - Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.

    AU - Ahlen, S. P.

    AU - Ahmadov, F.

    AU - Aielli, G.

    AU - Akerstedt, H.

    AU - Åkesson, T. P.A.

    AU - Akimov, A. V.

    AU - Alberghi, G. L.

    AU - Albert, J.

    AU - Albrand, S.

    AU - Alconada Verzini, M. J.

    AU - Aleksa, M.

    AU - Aleksandrov, I. N.

    AU - Alexa, C.

    AU - Alexander, G.

    AU - Alexopoulos, T.

    AU - Alhroob, M.

    AU - Alimonti, G.

    AU - Alio, L.

    AU - Alison, J.

    AU - Alkire, S. P.

    AU - Allbrooke, B. M.M.

    AU - Allport, P. P.

    AU - Aloisio, A.

    AU - Alonso, A.

    AU - Alonso, F.

    AU - Alpigiani, C.

    AU - Mitani, Takashi

    AU - Morinaga, Masahiro

    AU - Yorita, Kohei

    PY - 2016/5/10

    Y1 - 2016/5/10

    N2 - This Letter presents evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel using proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed on events containing one isolated electron or muon, large missing transverse momentum and exactly two b-tagged jets in the final state. The analysed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb−1. The signal is extracted using a maximum-likelihood fit of a discriminant which is based on the matrix element method and optimized in order to separate single-top-quark s-channel events from the main background contributions, which are top-quark pair production and W boson production in association with heavy-flavour jets. The measurement leads to an observed signal significance of 3.2 standard deviations and a measured cross-section of σs=4.8±0.8(stat.)−1.3 +1.6(syst.) pb, which is consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The expected significance for the analysis is 3.9 standard deviations.

    AB - This Letter presents evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel using proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed on events containing one isolated electron or muon, large missing transverse momentum and exactly two b-tagged jets in the final state. The analysed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb−1. The signal is extracted using a maximum-likelihood fit of a discriminant which is based on the matrix element method and optimized in order to separate single-top-quark s-channel events from the main background contributions, which are top-quark pair production and W boson production in association with heavy-flavour jets. The measurement leads to an observed signal significance of 3.2 standard deviations and a measured cross-section of σs=4.8±0.8(stat.)−1.3 +1.6(syst.) pb, which is consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The expected significance for the analysis is 3.9 standard deviations.

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    U2 - 10.1016/j.physletb.2016.03.017

    DO - 10.1016/j.physletb.2016.03.017

    M3 - Article

    VL - 756

    SP - 228

    EP - 246

    JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

    JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

    SN - 0370-2693

    ER -