Evidence for urban design and public health policy and practice: Space syntax metrics and neighborhood walking

Gavin R. McCormack, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Liam Turley, Tomoki Nakaya, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Koichiro Oka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Most walkability indices do not capture the topological structure of urban forms. Space syntax models these topological relationships. We estimated associations between the space syntax measure of street integration and walkability (SSW) and neighborhood-specific leisure (LW) and transportation (TW) walking among 4422 Canadian adults. Street integration and SSW were found to be positively associated with TW and LW participation in a usual week. A one-unit increase in SSW was associated with a 6-min increase in usual weekly minutes of TW. Street integration and SSW were also positively associated with TW participation in the last week. Higher street integration and walkability conceptualized using space syntax support neighborhood walking.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102277
JournalHealth and Place
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Pedestrian
  • Physical activity
  • Street configuration
  • Street pattern
  • Urban form

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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