Evolution of pulmonate gastropod mitochondrial genomes: Comparisons of gene organizations of Euhadra, Cepaea and Albinaria and implications of unusual tRNA secondary structures

Nika Yamazaki, Rei Ueshima, Jonathan A. Terrett, Shin Ichi Yokobori, Masayuki Kaifu, Ryoko Segawa, Takanori Kobayashi, Ken Ichi Numachi, Takuya Ueda, Kazuya Nishikawa, Kimitsuna Watanabe, Richard H. Thomas

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Abstract

Complete gene organizations of the mitochondrial genomes of three pulmonate gastropods, Euhadra herklotsi, Cepaea nemoralis and Albinaria coerulea, permit comparisons of their gene organizations. Euhadra and Cepaea are classified in the same superfamily. Helicoidea, yet they show several differences in the order of tRNA and protein coding genes. Albinaria is distantly related to the other two genera but shares the same gene order in one part of its mitochondrial genome with Euhadra and in another part with Cepaea. Despite their small size (14.1-14.5 kbp), these snail mtDNAs encode 13 protein genes, two rRNA genes and at least 22 tRNA genes. These genomes exhibit several unusual or unique features compared to other published metazoan mitochondrial genomes, including those of other molluscs. Several tRNAs predicted from the DNA sequences possess bizarre structures lacking either the T stem or the D stem, similar to the situation seen in nematode mt-tRNAs. The acceptor stems of many tRNAs show a considerable number of mismatched basepairs, indicating that the RNA editing process recently demonstrated in Euhadra is widespread in the pulmonate gastropods. Strong selection acting on mitochondrial genomes of these animals would have resulted in frequent occurrence of the mismatched basepairs in regions of overlapping genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-758
Number of pages10
JournalGenetics
Volume145
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Yamazaki, N., Ueshima, R., Terrett, J. A., Yokobori, S. I., Kaifu, M., Segawa, R., Kobayashi, T., Numachi, K. I., Ueda, T., Nishikawa, K., Watanabe, K., & Thomas, R. H. (1997). Evolution of pulmonate gastropod mitochondrial genomes: Comparisons of gene organizations of Euhadra, Cepaea and Albinaria and implications of unusual tRNA secondary structures. Genetics, 145(3), 749-758.