Evolution of symbiosis with resource allocation from fecundity to survival

Shin Fukui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Symbiosis is one of the most fundamental relationships between or among organisms and includes parasitism (which has negative effects on the fitness of the interacting partner), commensalism (no effect), and mutualism (positive effects). The effects of these interactions are usually assumed to influence a single component of a species' fitness, either survival or fecundity, even though in reality the interaction can simultaneously affect both of these components. I used a dual lattice model to investigate the process of evolution of mutualistic symbiosis in the presence of interactive effects on both survival and fecundity. I demonstrate that a positive effect on survival and a negative effect on fecundity are key to the establishment of mutualism. Furthermore, both the parasitic and the mutualistic behaviour must carry large costs for mutualism to evolve. This helps develop a new understanding of symbiosis as a function of resource allocation, in which resources are shifted from fecundity to survival. The simultaneous establishment of mutualism from parasitism never occurs in two species, but can do so in one of the species as long as the partner still behaves parasitically. This suggests that one of the altruistic behaviours in a mutualistic unit consisting of two species must originate as a parasitic behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-446
Number of pages10
JournalNaturwissenschaften
Volume101
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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mutualism
resource allocation
symbiosis
fecundity
parasitism
commensalism
fitness
effect
organisms
resource
cost

Keywords

  • Dual lattice model
  • Evolution of mutualism
  • Fitness component

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Evolution of symbiosis with resource allocation from fecundity to survival. / Fukui, Shin.

In: Naturwissenschaften, Vol. 101, No. 5, 2014, p. 437-446.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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