Examination of four methods for measuring soil respiration

Y. Bekku, Hiroshi Koizumi, T. Oikawa, H. Iwaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compared the accuracy of four methods for measuring soil respiration: the open-flow infra-red gas analyzer method (OF-method); the closed chamber method (CC-method); the dynamic closed chamber method (DC-method); and the alkali absorption method (AA-method), using artificial soil medium (vermiculite with glucose and mineral nutrients) inoculated with Trichoderma sp. as respiring microorganisms. The CO2 emission rates from the medium were measured by the four methods once a day for 10 days. We compared the estimated amounts of glucose respired by Trichoderma sp. (EGR, an integration of measured CO2 emission rates for 10 days) with the actual amounts of glucose respired (AGR, calculated from weight loss of the medium during the same period). In the AA-method, the EGR value was 1.3 times larger than the AGR value, while in the OF-, DC-and CC-methods EGR values were almost the same as the AGR (0.95, 0.95 and 0.94 times respectively). Higher CO2 emission rates obtained by the AA-method were attributed to low CO2 concentration (20-250 μl 1-1) in the chamber, because at such low CO2 levels the respiration rate of Trichoderma sp. was enhanced by 20-70%. These results indicate that the OF-, DC-and CC-methods are more suitable for soil respiration measurement than the conventional AA-method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-254
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Soil Ecology
Volume5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jun
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

soil respiration
Respiration
Soil
Alkalies
alkalis
carbon dioxide
Trichoderma
methodology
glucose
Glucose
method
measuring
vermiculite
Respiratory Rate
Minerals
Weight Loss
respiration
weight loss
microorganism
Gases

Keywords

  • CO
  • Concentration
  • Measurement method
  • Soil respiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Soil Science
  • Ecology

Cite this

Bekku, Y., Koizumi, H., Oikawa, T., & Iwaki, H. (1997). Examination of four methods for measuring soil respiration. Applied Soil Ecology, 5(3), 247-254.

Examination of four methods for measuring soil respiration. / Bekku, Y.; Koizumi, Hiroshi; Oikawa, T.; Iwaki, H.

In: Applied Soil Ecology, Vol. 5, No. 3, 06.1997, p. 247-254.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bekku, Y, Koizumi, H, Oikawa, T & Iwaki, H 1997, 'Examination of four methods for measuring soil respiration', Applied Soil Ecology, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 247-254.
Bekku Y, Koizumi H, Oikawa T, Iwaki H. Examination of four methods for measuring soil respiration. Applied Soil Ecology. 1997 Jun;5(3):247-254.
Bekku, Y. ; Koizumi, Hiroshi ; Oikawa, T. ; Iwaki, H. / Examination of four methods for measuring soil respiration. In: Applied Soil Ecology. 1997 ; Vol. 5, No. 3. pp. 247-254.
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