Exclusive attributes of undoped poly (ethylene terephthalate) for alpha particle detection

Hidehito Nakamura, Nobuhiro Sato, Hisashi Kitamura, Daisuke Maki, Yoshiyuki Shirakawa, Sentaro Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) is available worldwide and has a broad range of applications. However, its basic properties as a scintillation material that is undoped with fluorescent guest molecules are not completely known. Here, we optically characterise undoped PET for use in radiation detection. Light absorption is primarily below 350 nm, with an emission maximum at 385 nm. An effective refractive index, determined from the emission spectrum and the wavelength dependence of the refractive index, is 1.62, which is greater than that for the sodium D line (ND = 1.57). The density of PET is 1.33 g/cm3, and its stopping power for 1-MeV electrons is 1.72 MeV cm2/g. Distinct peaks generated by alpha particles from 210Pb and 241Am radioactive sources appear in PET light-yield distributions. The PET response to 5-6-MeV alpha particles is approximately one-eighth that for electrons. These results demonstrate that undoped PET has special attributes for alpha particle detection. This knowledge will enable better performance of radiation equipment based on PET and its blends with other aromatic ring polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-58
Number of pages5
JournalRadiation Measurements
Volume92
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Alpha particles
polyethylene terephthalate
Polyethylene terephthalates
alpha particles
Refractive index
refractivity
D lines
Radiation
Electrons
Scintillation
stopping power
radiation
electromagnetic absorption
Light absorption
scintillation
emission spectra
electrons
Sodium
sodium
Wavelength

Keywords

  • Alpha particle detection
  • Aromatic ring polymer
  • Basic property
  • Poly (ethylene terephthalate)
  • Undoped scintillation material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Exclusive attributes of undoped poly (ethylene terephthalate) for alpha particle detection. / Nakamura, Hidehito; Sato, Nobuhiro; Kitamura, Hisashi; Maki, Daisuke; Shirakawa, Yoshiyuki; Takahashi, Sentaro.

In: Radiation Measurements, Vol. 92, 01.09.2016, p. 54-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakamura, Hidehito ; Sato, Nobuhiro ; Kitamura, Hisashi ; Maki, Daisuke ; Shirakawa, Yoshiyuki ; Takahashi, Sentaro. / Exclusive attributes of undoped poly (ethylene terephthalate) for alpha particle detection. In: Radiation Measurements. 2016 ; Vol. 92. pp. 54-58.
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