Exercise modes and vascular functions

Hiroshi Kawano, Yuko Gando, Mitsuru Higuchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Most physical activities contribute to improvement of age-associated arterial stiffening resulting from reductions in arterial compliance or increases in arterial stiffness. From the viewpoint of exercise physiology, exercise can be divided into aerobic and resistance exercises. Although it is widely accepted that arterial compliance or stiffness is improved by habitual aerobic exercise, it has been reported that resistance training decreases arterial compliance and increases arterial stiffness. Interestingly, combined aerobic and resistance exercise did not affect arterial compliance, which suggests that simultaneously performed aerobic training may negate and prevent the reduction in arterial compliance induced by resistance exercise. It seems that not only moderate-to-high-intensity physical activity but also daily light physical activity, such as cooking, cleaning, washing clothes, or deskwork, decreases arterial stiffness. Arterial wall viscosity reflects dissipation of energy during conversion of cardiac pulsatile energy into arterial elastic energy, which is related to sympathoexcitation and intima-media thickening in the carotid artery. In addition, arterial wall viscosity increases with advancing age, and this age-associated increase in wall viscosity is attenuated in men with high cardiorespiratory fitness. A cross-sectional study found that endurance-trained athletes showed greater arterial wall viscosity compared with age-matched sedentary control men. In the future, the underlying physiological mechanisms and clinical implications of vascular function adaptations to various exercise training regimens warrant further investigation in people of various ages.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhysical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health
PublisherSpringer Japan
Pages101-122
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9784431553335, 9784431553328
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Blood Vessels
Exercise
Stiffness
Viscosity
Compliance
Vascular Stiffness
Cooking
Physiology
Energy conversion
Washing
Cleaning
Durability
Clothing
Resistance Training
Carotid Arteries
Athletes
Cross-Sectional Studies
Light

Keywords

  • Aerobic exercise
  • Arterial compliance
  • Arterial stiffness
  • Arterial wall viscosity
  • Resistance exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Kawano, H., Gando, Y., & Higuchi, M. (2015). Exercise modes and vascular functions. In Physical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health (pp. 101-122). Springer Japan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-55333-5_10

Exercise modes and vascular functions. / Kawano, Hiroshi; Gando, Yuko; Higuchi, Mitsuru.

Physical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health. Springer Japan, 2015. p. 101-122.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Kawano, H, Gando, Y & Higuchi, M 2015, Exercise modes and vascular functions. in Physical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health. Springer Japan, pp. 101-122. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-55333-5_10
Kawano H, Gando Y, Higuchi M. Exercise modes and vascular functions. In Physical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health. Springer Japan. 2015. p. 101-122 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-55333-5_10
Kawano, Hiroshi ; Gando, Yuko ; Higuchi, Mitsuru. / Exercise modes and vascular functions. Physical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health. Springer Japan, 2015. pp. 101-122
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