Exercise, mood and cognitive performance in intellectual disability-A neurophysiological approach

Tobias Vogt, Stefan Schneider, Vera Abeln, Volker Anneken, Heiko Klaus Strüder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While numerous researches addressed the connection between physical exercise, changes in brain cortical activity and its relationship to psycho-physiological processes, most of these neuro-scientific studies were set up for healthy individuals. However, the benefits of exercise, such as well being, physical and cognitive health enhancements are also becoming increasingly important for intellectually disabled individuals. This study aimed to localize electroencephalographic activity changes in intellectually disabled individuals following a moderate running exercise for 30. min. An increase in cognitive performance and in mood was hypothesized to correlate with a decrease in fronto-temporal brain areas following exercise. Significant changes in cortical current density in frontal brain areas as well as decreases in perceived physical energy could be shown. Overall motivational states (including self-confidence and social acceptance) as well as positive mood increased significantly. However, no changes could be observed for the cognitive tasks following exercise. With respect to the data provided here there is reason to believe, that a self-selected pace running exercise, enhances self-esteem, coincided with cortical activity changes in fronto-temporal brain areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-480
Number of pages8
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume226
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 15
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • EEG
  • Exercise
  • Intellectual disability
  • LORETA
  • Mood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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