Experimental investigations of debris dynamics over a horizontal plane

Ioan Nistor, Nils Goseberg, Jacob Stolle, Takahito Mikami, Tomoya Shibayama, Ryota Nakamura, Shunya Matsuba

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study presents the results of an experimental research program dealing with spatial debris motion on a horizontal apron depicting a typical harbor wharf. Accordingly, scaled-down 6.1-m (20-ft) shipping containers were equipped with a novel yet nonintrusive real-time tracking system and motion sensors. The instrumentation allowed for the spatiotemporal tracking of debris specimens moving across the apron while entrained by an incoming tsunami-like broken bore. The system proved its capabilities and accuracy; this was particularly challenging since this was the first time the system was used in water. The experiments involved using various numbers of shipping containers that were either arranged in one layer or stacked in two layers. In addition, the effect of different numbers of container rows was also investigated to study the influence of the overall container count and placement with respect to their longitudinal displacement and dispersion (spreading) across the apron. Linear relationships were derived for both parameters, suggesting potential guidelines for future design efforts and disaster risk reduction and mitigation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number04016022
    JournalJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering
    Volume143
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1

    Fingerprint

    Debris
    Containers
    Freight transportation
    shipping
    Tsunamis
    Ports and harbors
    tsunami
    research program
    Disasters
    instrumentation
    disaster
    harbor
    mitigation
    sensor
    container
    Sensors
    Water
    experiment
    Experiments
    water

    Keywords

    • Entrainment
    • Experiment
    • Hydraulic bore
    • Shipping container
    • Smart debris
    • Spreading
    • Tsunami

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Civil and Structural Engineering
    • Water Science and Technology
    • Ocean Engineering

    Cite this

    Experimental investigations of debris dynamics over a horizontal plane. / Nistor, Ioan; Goseberg, Nils; Stolle, Jacob; Mikami, Takahito; Shibayama, Tomoya; Nakamura, Ryota; Matsuba, Shunya.

    In: Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 143, No. 3, 04016022, 01.05.2017.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Nistor, Ioan ; Goseberg, Nils ; Stolle, Jacob ; Mikami, Takahito ; Shibayama, Tomoya ; Nakamura, Ryota ; Matsuba, Shunya. / Experimental investigations of debris dynamics over a horizontal plane. In: Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering. 2017 ; Vol. 143, No. 3.
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