Experimental study toward modeling of the uncanny valley based on eye movements on human/non-human faces

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In the research field of human-agent interaction, it is a crucial issue to clarify the effect of agent appearances on human impressions. The uncanny valley is one crucial topic. We hypothesize that people can perceive a humanlike agent as human at an earlier stage in interaction even if they finally notice it as non-human and such contradictory perceptions are related to the uncanny valley. We conducted an experiment where participants were asked to judge whether faces presented on a PC monitor were human or not. The faces were a doll, a CG-modeled human image fairly similar to real human, an android robot, another image highly similar and a person. Eyes of the participants were recorded during watching the faces and changes in observing the faces were studied. The results indicate that eye data did not initially differ between the person and CG fairly similar, whereas differences emerged after several seconds. We then proposed a model of the uncanny valley based on dual pathway of emotion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman-Computer Interaction
Subtitle of host publicationInteraction Modalities and Techniques - 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Proceedings
Pages398-407
Number of pages10
EditionPART 4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul 31
Event15th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2013 - Las Vegas, NV, United States
Duration: 2013 Jul 212013 Jul 26

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 4
Volume8007 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference15th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2013
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas, NV
Period13/7/2113/7/26

Keywords

  • The uncanny valley
  • dual pathway of emotion
  • eye movements
  • humanlike agent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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    Tawatsuji, Y., Kojima, K., & Matsui, T. (2013). Experimental study toward modeling of the uncanny valley based on eye movements on human/non-human faces. In Human-Computer Interaction: Interaction Modalities and Techniques - 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Proceedings (PART 4 ed., pp. 398-407). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 8007 LNCS, No. PART 4). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39330-3_42