Extremely short duration sprint interval training improves vascular health in older adults

Simon Adamson, Mykolas Kavaliauskas, Takaki Yamagishi, Shaun Phillips, Ross Lorimer, John Babraj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exercise improves health and physical function in older people, but very few older people participate although the trend is for increasing participation. This study sought to determine whether short duration sprint interval training (SIT) improves health and physical function in older people. Seventeen (9 M and 8 F) older adults (age 66 ± 3 years) were recruited. Participants had blood pressure, physical function and blood lipid profile measured and were then allocated to a control group (CON n = 7) or a SIT group (n = 10). The control group maintained daily activities; the SIT group performed 10 weeks of twice-weekly training sessions of 6-s sprints. By week 10, training sessions lasted 11.6 ± 0.6-min. Ten weeks of SIT resulted in significant changes in pulse pressure (CONpre 59 ± 18 mmHg; CONpost 60 ± 9 mmHg; SITpre 56 ± 14 mmHg; SITpost 49 ± 7 mmHg; p = 0.007), mean blood pressure (CONpre 100 ± 10 mmHg; CONpost 97 ± 11 mmHg; SITpre 102 ± 7 mmHg; SITpost 93 ± 8 mmHg; p = 0.003), timed get up and go (CONpre 6.9 ± 1.1 s; CONpost 6.9 ± 1.0 s; SITpre 7.4 ± 1.2 s; SITpost 6.6 ± 1.0 s; p = 0.005), loaded 50 m walk (CONpre 6.9 ± 1.1 s; CONpost 6.9 ± 1.0 s; SITpre 7.4 ± 1.2 s; SITpost 6.6 ± 1.0 s; p = 0.005),and total cholesterol: HDL cholesterol ratio (CONpre 4.2 ± 0.7; CONpost 4.0 ± 0.7; SITpre 4.4 ± 1.1; SITpost 3.2 ± 0.7; p = 0.01). SIT is an effective way to maintain blood pressure, lipid profile, and physical function during aging and is an effective tool for promoting optimal aging.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSport Sciences for Health
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Blood pressure
  • Physical function
  • Sprint interval training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Adamson, S., Kavaliauskas, M., Yamagishi, T., Phillips, S., Lorimer, R., & Babraj, J. (Accepted/In press). Extremely short duration sprint interval training improves vascular health in older adults. Sport Sciences for Health. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-018-0498-2