Lotus-type porous Al-Si (4, 8, 12, 14, and 18 wt pct) alloys were fabricated using the continuous casting technique under a hydrogen gas pressure of 0.1 MPa at various transference velocities, and the effects of the silicon content level and transference velocity on the pore morphology and porosity were investigated. Both the porosity and the average pore diameter increase as the silicon content level increases and decrease as the transference velocity increases. In particular, the velocity dependence is obviously exhibited at a silicon content level higher than 12 wt pct. The pore shape is changed from irregular in the higher-dendrite fraction to nearly circular in the lower-dendrite fraction. The porosity and the pore morphology are influenced by the silicon content level and transference velocity. In the model, these results can be understood with the explanation that the pores, which contribute to the increase in porosity, are generated at the eutectic fronts. This indicated that the porosity and the pore size in lotus-type porous Al-Si alloys can be well controlled by varying the silicon content level and the transference velocity.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys