Fabrication of Uniaxially Aligned Silica Nanogrooves with Sub-5 nm Periodicity on Centimeter-Scale Si Substrate Using Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Stamps

Keiya Hirota, Shintaro Hara, Hiroaki Wada, Atsushi Shimojima, Kazuyuki Kuroda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The large-area fabrication of aligned nanopatterns with sub-5 nm feature size is crucial for developing nanodevices. Highly ordered nanostructures fabricated through molecular self-assembly exhibit substantial potential for sub-5 nm patterning techniques. Previously, we had reported the fabrication of silica nanogrooves with sub-5 nm periodicity on a Si substrate by using the outermost surfaces of cylindrical surfactant micelles as a template. However, uniaxial alignment of nanogrooves on the entire substrate surface has not yet been achieved. In this study, uniaxially aligned silica nanogrooves were prepared on the entire surface of a Si substrate (2 cm × 2 cm) by utilizing a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) stamp with a striped pattern. The PDMS stamp was placed on the surface of a surfactant thin film precoated on the substrate, although the stamp was not in direct contact with the substrate as in the case of the soft nanoimprint technique. The substrate was then exposed to water vapor, during which cylindrical micelles were aligned in the direction of the guide. Subsequently, by exposing the substrate to an NH3-water vapor mixture, the outermost surfaces of the aligned micelles facing the substrate were replicated with soluble silicate species. The formation of uniaxially aligned nanogrooves on the entire surface of the centimeter-scale substrate was verified by scanning electron microscopy observations and grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering analysis. Thus, herein we provide a simple large-area fabrication method for uniaxially aligned nanopatterns with ultrafine pitch.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Nano
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • alignment control
  • directed self-assembly
  • liquid crystals
  • nanoimprint
  • nanopatterning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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