Facilitated oxygen transport with modified and encapsulated hemoglobins across non-flowing solution membrane

Hiroyuki Nishide, X. S. Chen, E. Tsuchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oxygen-transporting capability of modified and encapsulated hemoglobins and red cells is discussed from a physico-chemical standpoint in order to design oxygen-delivering fluids. The oxygen diffusion coefficient toward oxygen-deficient sites was estimated by measuring the oxygen flux across thin solution membranes of hemoglobin, polymerized hemoglobin, liposome-encapsulated hemoglobin, and red cells. Oxygen flux was enhanced several times over that of nitrogen for the hemoglobin and red cell solution with ca. [Hb] = 10 and 15 g/dl, respectively. The enhancement in the oxygen diffusion is ascribed to the facilitated transport of oxygen via the hemoglobins. This was in contrast to the simple and physical oxygen-diffusivity in response to its concentration gradient, in the absence of hemoglobins. The flux of the oxygen transport was in the order of hemoglobin > red cells > polymerized hemoglobin > encapsulated hemoglobin, which was ascribed to the facilitated transport efficiencies of oxygen with hemoglobins in a non-flowing or stationary solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-346
Number of pages12
JournalArtificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
Volume25
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jul

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Hemoglobin
Hemoglobins
Oxygen
Membranes
Cells
Fluxes
Liposomes
Nitrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Hematology
  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials

Cite this

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AB - The oxygen-transporting capability of modified and encapsulated hemoglobins and red cells is discussed from a physico-chemical standpoint in order to design oxygen-delivering fluids. The oxygen diffusion coefficient toward oxygen-deficient sites was estimated by measuring the oxygen flux across thin solution membranes of hemoglobin, polymerized hemoglobin, liposome-encapsulated hemoglobin, and red cells. Oxygen flux was enhanced several times over that of nitrogen for the hemoglobin and red cell solution with ca. [Hb] = 10 and 15 g/dl, respectively. The enhancement in the oxygen diffusion is ascribed to the facilitated transport of oxygen via the hemoglobins. This was in contrast to the simple and physical oxygen-diffusivity in response to its concentration gradient, in the absence of hemoglobins. The flux of the oxygen transport was in the order of hemoglobin > red cells > polymerized hemoglobin > encapsulated hemoglobin, which was ascribed to the facilitated transport efficiencies of oxygen with hemoglobins in a non-flowing or stationary solution.

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