Factors affecting participation of user group members: Comparative studies on two types of community forestry in the Dry Zone, Myanmar

Ei Ei Swe Hlaing, Makoto Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drawing on the example of community forestry in Myanmar's Dry Zone area, this paper conceptualizes and empirically assesses key factors for obtaining the participation of user group members, with emphasis on the implementation stage. More specifically, the study clarifies the commonalities and differences in influential factors between two types of community forestry: agroforestry and natural forest types. Field data were collected by semi-structured interviews with 54 households in four selected user groups, by key informant interviews, by informal interviews, and by direct observations. Our analysis was conducted in accordance with a framework in which selected social/institutional, economic, and physical factors affect participation. The results show that social/institutional factors are the most influential factors in both types, while economic factors are directly related to participation of user groups in the agroforestry type alone. Results indicated that preconditions, such as selection of leaders, should be considered in accordance with the local context in which the people have a shared recognition of what confers legitimacy to leadership. We recommend collaboration of the Forest Department with user group members in providing information regarding the use and selling of forest products from agroforestry-type community forest, as well as frequent communication with user groups to provide incentives regarding property rights stability for future benefits to continue participation of user group members in managing the dry forest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-72
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Forest Research
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Community forestry
  • Dry Zone
  • Myanmar
  • Participation
  • User group members

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry

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