Familial Transmission of Authoritarian Conservatism: Genetic inheritance or cultural transmission?

Chizuru Shikishima, Shinji Yamagata, Yusuke Takahashi, Juko Ando, Koken Ozaki, Koichi Nonaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the use of behavioral genetics methodology, in which variance of an observed trait can be decomposed into the effect of three latent variables, that is, genetic, shared environmental, and nonshared environmental, factors contributing to the formation of authoritarian conservatism were examined. 4111 participants (1279 male twins and 1899 female twins between the ages of 12-26, as well as 83 fathers and 860 mothers of the twins) responded to the Authoritarian Conservatism Scale. The twin model analysis employing 912 pairs of identical and 630 pairs of fraternal twins accounted for 33% of the variance of authoritarian conservatism by genetics, and 67% by nonshared environment. The subsequent twin parentoffspring model analysis also produced a very similar result. Thus, it was revealed that what mediated the familial transmission of authoritarian conservatism was genetics, not cultural transmission. Theories explaining the formation of authoritarianism by parenting or social background of the family are not supported. Transmission models can be further elaborated by including genetics as a predictable variable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-126
Number of pages22
JournalSociological Theory and Methods
Volume23
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

conservatism
model analysis
social background
authoritarianism
environmental factors
father
methodology

Keywords

  • Authoritarian conservatism
  • Behavior genetics
  • Social attitude
  • Twin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Shikishima, C., Yamagata, S., Takahashi, Y., Ando, J., Ozaki, K., & Nonaka, K. (2008). Familial Transmission of Authoritarian Conservatism: Genetic inheritance or cultural transmission? Sociological Theory and Methods, 23(2), 105-126.

Familial Transmission of Authoritarian Conservatism : Genetic inheritance or cultural transmission? / Shikishima, Chizuru; Yamagata, Shinji; Takahashi, Yusuke; Ando, Juko; Ozaki, Koken; Nonaka, Koichi.

In: Sociological Theory and Methods, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2008, p. 105-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shikishima, C, Yamagata, S, Takahashi, Y, Ando, J, Ozaki, K & Nonaka, K 2008, 'Familial Transmission of Authoritarian Conservatism: Genetic inheritance or cultural transmission?', Sociological Theory and Methods, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 105-126.
Shikishima C, Yamagata S, Takahashi Y, Ando J, Ozaki K, Nonaka K. Familial Transmission of Authoritarian Conservatism: Genetic inheritance or cultural transmission? Sociological Theory and Methods. 2008;23(2):105-126.
Shikishima, Chizuru ; Yamagata, Shinji ; Takahashi, Yusuke ; Ando, Juko ; Ozaki, Koken ; Nonaka, Koichi. / Familial Transmission of Authoritarian Conservatism : Genetic inheritance or cultural transmission?. In: Sociological Theory and Methods. 2008 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 105-126.
@article{4339a09cdb8a4031a93769e1ef1ac126,
title = "Familial Transmission of Authoritarian Conservatism: Genetic inheritance or cultural transmission?",
abstract = "With the use of behavioral genetics methodology, in which variance of an observed trait can be decomposed into the effect of three latent variables, that is, genetic, shared environmental, and nonshared environmental, factors contributing to the formation of authoritarian conservatism were examined. 4111 participants (1279 male twins and 1899 female twins between the ages of 12-26, as well as 83 fathers and 860 mothers of the twins) responded to the Authoritarian Conservatism Scale. The twin model analysis employing 912 pairs of identical and 630 pairs of fraternal twins accounted for 33{\%} of the variance of authoritarian conservatism by genetics, and 67{\%} by nonshared environment. The subsequent twin parentoffspring model analysis also produced a very similar result. Thus, it was revealed that what mediated the familial transmission of authoritarian conservatism was genetics, not cultural transmission. Theories explaining the formation of authoritarianism by parenting or social background of the family are not supported. Transmission models can be further elaborated by including genetics as a predictable variable.",
keywords = "Authoritarian conservatism, Behavior genetics, Social attitude, Twin",
author = "Chizuru Shikishima and Shinji Yamagata and Yusuke Takahashi and Juko Ando and Koken Ozaki and Koichi Nonaka",
year = "2008",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "105--126",
journal = "Sociological Theory and Methods",
issn = "0913-1442",
publisher = "Japanese Association for Mathematical Sociology",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Familial Transmission of Authoritarian Conservatism

T2 - Genetic inheritance or cultural transmission?

AU - Shikishima, Chizuru

AU - Yamagata, Shinji

AU - Takahashi, Yusuke

AU - Ando, Juko

AU - Ozaki, Koken

AU - Nonaka, Koichi

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - With the use of behavioral genetics methodology, in which variance of an observed trait can be decomposed into the effect of three latent variables, that is, genetic, shared environmental, and nonshared environmental, factors contributing to the formation of authoritarian conservatism were examined. 4111 participants (1279 male twins and 1899 female twins between the ages of 12-26, as well as 83 fathers and 860 mothers of the twins) responded to the Authoritarian Conservatism Scale. The twin model analysis employing 912 pairs of identical and 630 pairs of fraternal twins accounted for 33% of the variance of authoritarian conservatism by genetics, and 67% by nonshared environment. The subsequent twin parentoffspring model analysis also produced a very similar result. Thus, it was revealed that what mediated the familial transmission of authoritarian conservatism was genetics, not cultural transmission. Theories explaining the formation of authoritarianism by parenting or social background of the family are not supported. Transmission models can be further elaborated by including genetics as a predictable variable.

AB - With the use of behavioral genetics methodology, in which variance of an observed trait can be decomposed into the effect of three latent variables, that is, genetic, shared environmental, and nonshared environmental, factors contributing to the formation of authoritarian conservatism were examined. 4111 participants (1279 male twins and 1899 female twins between the ages of 12-26, as well as 83 fathers and 860 mothers of the twins) responded to the Authoritarian Conservatism Scale. The twin model analysis employing 912 pairs of identical and 630 pairs of fraternal twins accounted for 33% of the variance of authoritarian conservatism by genetics, and 67% by nonshared environment. The subsequent twin parentoffspring model analysis also produced a very similar result. Thus, it was revealed that what mediated the familial transmission of authoritarian conservatism was genetics, not cultural transmission. Theories explaining the formation of authoritarianism by parenting or social background of the family are not supported. Transmission models can be further elaborated by including genetics as a predictable variable.

KW - Authoritarian conservatism

KW - Behavior genetics

KW - Social attitude

KW - Twin

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=66249103642&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=66249103642&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:66249103642

VL - 23

SP - 105

EP - 126

JO - Sociological Theory and Methods

JF - Sociological Theory and Methods

SN - 0913-1442

IS - 2

ER -