Fano effect in a Josephson junction with a quantum dot

Kentaro Osawa, Susumu Kurihara, Nobuhiko Yokoshi

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    Abstract

    We theoretically investigate the Fano effect in dc Josephson current at the absolute zero of temperature. The system under consideration is a double-path Josephson junction in which one path is through an insulating barrier and the other one is through a quantum dot (QD). Here the Kondo temperature is assumed to be much smaller than the superconducting gap, and the Coulomb interaction inside the QD is treated by the Hartree-Fock approximation. It is shown that the Josephson critical current exhibits an asymmetric resonance against the QD energy level. This behavior is caused by the interference between the two tunneling processes between the superconductors: the direct tunneling across the insulating barrier and the resonant one through the QD. Moreover, we find that the Josephson critical current changes its sign around the resonance when the Coulomb interaction is sufficiently strong. Our results suggest that 0-π transition is induced by the cooperation of the Fano effect and the Coulomb interaction inside the QD.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number224508
    JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
    Volume78
    Issue number22
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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