Farmer influence on shade tree diversity in rustic plots of Coffea canephora in Panama coffee-agroforestry

Natsuho Fujisawa*, David W. Roubik, Makoto Inoue

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Coffee-agroforestry includes biodiversity conservation in tropical regions. The least economically valuable yet widely cultivated “robusta” coffee was studied in Panama, considering management practices and tree diversity. Fifty households were interviewed and a detailed tree census was conducted in 29 coffee plots owned by 13 households. Besides C. canephora there were 638 stems of 90 species in 41 plant families. Coffee plantings ≤ 10 years of age had higher tree diversity. With different degrees of management and original forest conditions, the coffee-agroforestry landscape was not uniform. Local vegetation was partly conserved. Farmers did not focus directly on productivity but instead emphasized flexible use and management, with moderate labor input, under changing socio-economic circumstances. Such rustic management, with attitudes and actions not governed by immediate monetary benefit, influenced biodiversity and rural life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2301-2315
Number of pages15
JournalAgroforestry Systems
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec


  • Biodiversity
  • Rural livelihood
  • Rustic management
  • Shade trees
  • Smallholder coffee plots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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