Fast-pairwise Collective Neutrino Oscillations Associated with Asymmetric Neutrino Emissions in Core-collapse Supernovae

Hiroki Nagakura, Taiki Morinaga, Chinami Kato, Shoichi Yamada

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44 Citations (Scopus)


We present a linear stability analysis of the fast-pairwise neutrino flavor conversion based on a result of our latest axisymmetric core-collapse supernova (CCSN) simulation with full Boltzmann neutrino transport. In the CCSN simulation, coherent asymmetric neutrino emissions of electron-type neutrinos (ν e) and their antiparticles (νrme), in which the asymmetries of ν e and nue are anticorrelated with each other, occur at almost the same time as the onset of aspherical shock expansion. We find that the asymmetric neutrino emissions play a crucial role on occurrences of fast flavor conversions. The linear analysis shows that unstable modes appear in both pre- and post-shock flows; for the latter, they appear only in the hemisphere of higher νe emissions (the same hemisphere with stronger shock expansion). We analyze the characteristics of electron-lepton number (ELN) crossing in depth by closely inspecting the angular distributions of neutrinos in momentum space. The ELN crossing happens in various ways, and the property depends on the radius: in the vicinity of neutron star, νe (ν e) dominates over ν e (νe) in the forward (backward) direction; at the larger radius, the ELN crossing occurs in the opposite way. We also find that the non-radial ELN crossing occurs at the boundary between no ELN crossing and the radial one, which is an effect of genuine multi-dimensional transport. Our findings indicate that the collective neutrino oscillation may occur more commonly in CCSNe and suggest that the CCSN community needs to accommodate these oscillations self-consistently in the modeling of CCSNe.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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