Fermi discovery of gamma-ray emission from NGC 1275

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, M. Ajello, K. Asano, L. Baldini, J. Ballet, G. Barbiellini, D. Bastieri, B. M. Baughman, K. Bechtol, R. Bellazzini, R. D. Blandford, E. D. Bloom, E. Bonamente, A. W. Borgland, J. Bregeon, A. Brez, M. Brigida, P. Bruel, T. H. BurnettG. A. Caliandro, R. A. Cameron, P. A. Caraveo, J. M. Casandjian, E. Cavazzuti, C. Cecchi, A. Celotti, A. Chekhtman, C. C. Cheung, J. Chiang, S. Ciprini, R. Claus, J. Cohen-Tanugi, S. Colafrancesco, L. R. Cominsky, J. Conrad, L. Costamante, C. D. Dermer, A. De Angelis, F. De Palma, S. W. Digel, D. Donato, E. Do Couto E Silva, P. S. Drell, R. Dubois, D. Dumora, C. Farnier, C. Favuzzi, J. Finke, W. B. Focke, M. Frailis, Y. Fukazawa, S. Funk, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, M. Georganopoulos, S. Germani, B. Giebels, N. Giglietto, F. Giordano, T. Glanzman, I. A. Grenier, M. H. Grondin, J. E. Grove, L. Guillemot, S. Guiriec, Y. Hanabata, A. K. Harding, R. C. Hartman, M. Hayashida, E. Hays, R. E. Hughes, G. Jóhannesson, A. S. Johnson, R. P. Johnson, W. N. Johnson, M. Kadler, T. Kamae, Y. Kanai, H. Katagiri, J. Kataoka, N. Kawai, M. Kerr, J. Knödlseder, F. Kuehn, M. Kuss, L. Latronico, M. Lemoine-Goumard, F. Longo, F. Loparco, B. Lott, M. N. Lovellette, P. Lubrano, G. M. Madejski, A. Makeev, M. N. Mazziotta, J. E. McEnery, C. Meurer, P. F. Michelson, W. Mitthumsiri, T. Mizuno, A. A. Moiseev, C. Monte, M. E. Monzani, A. Morselli, I. V. Moskalenko, S. Murgia, T. Nakamori, P. L. Nolan, J. P. Norris, E. Nuss, T. Ohsugi, N. Omodei, E. Orlando, J. F. Ormes, D. Paneque, J. H. Panetta, D. Parent, M. Pepe, M. Pesce-Rollins, F. Piron, T. A. Porter, S. Rainò, M. Razzano, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, T. Reposeur, S. Ritz, A. Y. Rodriguez, R. W. Romani, F. Ryde, H. F.W. Sadrozinski, R. Sambruna, D. Sanchez, A. Sander, R. Sato, P. M.Saz Parkinson, C. Sgrò, D. A. Smith, P. D. Smith, G. Spandre, P. Spinelli, J. L. Starck, M. S. Strickman, A. W. Strong, D. J. Suson, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, T. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, G. B. Taylor, J. G. Thayer, D. J. Thompson, D. F. Torres, G. Tosti, Y. Uchiyama, T. L. Usher, N. Vilchez, V. Vitale, A. P. Waite, K. S. Wood, T. Ylinen, M. Ziegler, H. D. Aller, M. F. Aller, K. I. Kellermann, Y. Y. Kovalev, Yu A. Kovalev, M. L. Lister, A. B. Pushkarev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the discovery of high-energy (E > 100MeV) γ-ray emission from NGC1275, a giant elliptical galaxy lying at the center of the Perseus cluster of galaxies, based on observations made with the Large Area Telescope (LAT) of the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. The positional center of the γ-ray source is only 3′ away from the NGC1275 nucleus, well within the 95% LAT error circle of 5′. The spatial distribution of γ-ray photons is consistent with a point source. The average flux and power-law photon index measured with the LAT from 2008 August 4 to 2008 December 5 are F γ = (2.10 0.23) × 10-7 ph (>100MeV)cm -2 s-1 and Γ = 2.17 0.05, respectively. The measurements are statistically consistent with constant flux during the four-month LAT observing period. Previous EGRET observations gave an upper limit of F γ < 3.72 × 10-8ph (>100MeV)cm -2 s-1 to the γ-ray flux from NGC1275. This indicates that the source is variable on timescales of years to decades, and therefore restricts the fraction of emission that can be produced in extended regions of the galaxy cluster. Contemporaneous and historical radio observations are also reported. The broadband spectrum of NGC1275 is modeled with a simple one-zone synchrotron/synchrotron self-Compton model and a model with a decelerating jet flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume699
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Galaxies: active
  • Galaxies: individual (NGC 1275)
  • Galaxies: jets
  • Gamma rays: observations
  • Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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