Fermi discovery of gamma-ray emission from NGC 1275

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, M. Ajello, K. Asano, L. Baldini, J. Ballet, G. Barbiellini, D. Bastieri, B. M. Baughman, K. Bechtol, R. Bellazzini, R. D. Blandford, E. D. Bloom, E. Bonamente, A. W. Borgland, J. Bregeon, A. Brez, M. Brigida, P. Bruel, T. H. BurnettG. A. Caliandro, R. A. Cameron, P. A. Caraveo, J. M. Casandjian, E. Cavazzuti, C. Cecchi, A. Celotti, A. Chekhtman, C. C. Cheung, J. Chiang, S. Ciprini, R. Claus, J. Cohen-Tanugi, S. Colafrancesco, L. R. Cominsky, J. Conrad, L. Costamante, C. D. Dermer, A. De Angelis, F. De Palma, S. W. Digel, D. Donato, E. Do Couto E Silva, P. S. Drell, R. Dubois, D. Dumora, C. Farnier, C. Favuzzi, J. Finke, W. B. Focke, M. Frailis, Y. Fukazawa, S. Funk, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, M. Georganopoulos, S. Germani, B. Giebels, N. Giglietto, F. Giordano, T. Glanzman, I. A. Grenier, M. H. Grondin, J. E. Grove, L. Guillemot, S. Guiriec, Y. Hanabata, A. K. Harding, R. C. Hartman, M. Hayashida, E. Hays, R. E. Hughes, G. Jóhannesson, A. S. Johnson, R. P. Johnson, W. N. Johnson, M. Kadler, T. Kamae, Y. Kanai, H. Katagiri, Jun Kataoka, N. Kawai, M. Kerr, J. Knödlseder, F. Kuehn, M. Kuss, L. Latronico, M. Lemoine-Goumard, F. Longo, F. Loparco, B. Lott, M. N. Lovellette, P. Lubrano, G. M. Madejski, A. Makeev, M. N. Mazziotta, J. E. McEnery, C. Meurer, P. F. Michelson, W. Mitthumsiri, T. Mizuno, A. A. Moiseev, C. Monte, M. E. Monzani, A. Morselli, I. V. Moskalenko, S. Murgia, T. Nakamori, P. L. Nolan, J. P. Norris, E. Nuss, T. Ohsugi, N. Omodei, E. Orlando, J. F. Ormes, D. Paneque, J. H. Panetta, D. Parent, M. Pepe, M. Pesce-Rollins, F. Piron, T. A. Porter, S. Rainò, M. Razzano, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, T. Reposeur, S. Ritz, A. Y. Rodriguez, R. W. Romani, F. Ryde, H. F W Sadrozinski, R. Sambruna, D. Sanchez, A. Sander, R. Sato, P. M Saz Parkinson, C. Sgrò, D. A. Smith, P. D. Smith, G. Spandre, P. Spinelli, J. L. Starck, M. S. Strickman, A. W. Strong, D. J. Suson, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, T. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, G. B. Taylor, J. G. Thayer, D. J. Thompson, D. F. Torres, G. Tosti, Y. Uchiyama, T. L. Usher, N. Vilchez, V. Vitale, A. P. Waite, K. S. Wood, T. Ylinen, M. Ziegler, H. D. Aller, M. F. Aller, K. I. Kellermann, Y. Y. Kovalev, Yu A. Kovalev, M. L. Lister, A. B. Pushkarev

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    129 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We report the discovery of high-energy (E > 100MeV) γ-ray emission from NGC1275, a giant elliptical galaxy lying at the center of the Perseus cluster of galaxies, based on observations made with the Large Area Telescope (LAT) of the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. The positional center of the γ-ray source is only 3′ away from the NGC1275 nucleus, well within the 95% LAT error circle of 5′. The spatial distribution of γ-ray photons is consistent with a point source. The average flux and power-law photon index measured with the LAT from 2008 August 4 to 2008 December 5 are F γ = (2.10 0.23) × 10-7 ph (>100MeV)cm -2 s-1 and Γ = 2.17 0.05, respectively. The measurements are statistically consistent with constant flux during the four-month LAT observing period. Previous EGRET observations gave an upper limit of F γ < 3.72 × 10-8ph (>100MeV)cm -2 s-1 to the γ-ray flux from NGC1275. This indicates that the source is variable on timescales of years to decades, and therefore restricts the fraction of emission that can be produced in extended regions of the galaxy cluster. Contemporaneous and historical radio observations are also reported. The broadband spectrum of NGC1275 is modeled with a simple one-zone synchrotron/synchrotron self-Compton model and a model with a decelerating jet flow.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)31-39
    Number of pages9
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume699
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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    Keywords

    • Galaxies: active
    • Galaxies: individual (NGC 1275)
    • Galaxies: jets
    • Gamma rays: observations
    • Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Astronomy and Astrophysics

    Cite this

    Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Asano, K., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Baughman, B. M., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., ... Pushkarev, A. B. (2009). Fermi discovery of gamma-ray emission from NGC 1275. Astrophysical Journal, 699(1), 31-39. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/699/1/31