Fermi large area telescope first source catalog

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, M. Ajello, A. Allafort, E. Antolini, W. B. Atwood, M. Axelsson, L. Baldini, J. Ballet, G. Barbiellini, D. Bastieri, B. M. Baughman, K. Bechtol, R. Bellazzini, F. Belli, B. Berenji, D. Bisello, R. D. Blandford, E. D. Bloom, E. Bonamente & 215 others J. Bonnell, A. W. Borgland, A. Bouvier, J. Bregeon, A. Brez, M. Brigida, P. Bruel, T. H. Burnett, G. Busetto, S. Buson, G. A. Caliandro, R. A. Cameron, R. Campana, B. Canadas, P. A. Caraveo, S. Carrigan, J. M. Casandjian, E. Cavazzuti, M. Ceccanti, C. Cecchi, Ö Çelik, E. Charles, A. Chekhtman, C. C. Cheung, J. Chiang, A. N. Cillis, S. Ciprini, R. Claus, J. Cohen-Tanugi, J. Conrad, R. Corbet, D. S. Davis, M. Deklotz, P. R. Den Hartog, C. D. Dermer, A. De Angelis, A. De Luca, F. De Palma, S. W. Digel, M. Dormody, E. Do Couto E Silva, P. S. Drell, R. Dubois, D. Dumora, D. Fabiani, C. Farnier, C. Favuzzi, S. J. Fegan, E. C. Ferrara, W. B. Focke, P. Fortin, M. Frailis, Y. Fukazawa, S. Funk, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, D. Gasparrini, N. Gehrels, S. Germani, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, N. Giglietto, P. Giommi, F. Giordano, M. Giroletti, T. Glanzman, G. Godfrey, I. A. Grenier, M. H. Grondin, J. E. Grove, L. Guillemot, S. Guiriec, M. Gustafsson, D. Hadasch, Y. Hanabata, A. K. Harding, M. Hayashida, E. Hays, S. E. Healey, A. B. Hill, D. Horan, R. E. Hughes, G. Iafrate, G. Jóhannesson, A. S. Johnson, R. P. Johnson, T. J. Johnson, W. N. Johnson, T. Kamae, H. Katagiri, Jun Kataoka, N. Kawai, M. Kerr, J. Knödlseder, D. Kocevski, M. Kuss, J. Lande, D. Landriu, L. Latronico, S. H. Lee, M. Lemoine-Goumard, A. M. Lionetto, M. Llena Garde, F. Longo, F. Loparco, B. Lott, M. N. Lovellette, P. Lubrano, G. M. Madejski, A. Makeev, B. Marangelli, M. Marelli, E. Massaro, M. N. Mazziotta, W. McConville, J. E. McEnery, P. F. Michelson, M. Minuti, W. Mitthumsiri, T. Mizuno, A. A. Moiseev, M. Mongelli, C. Monte, M. E. Monzani, E. Moretti, A. Morselli, I. V. Moskalenko, S. Murgia, H. Nakajima, T. Nakamori, M. Naumann-Godo, P. L. Nolan, J. P. Norris, E. Nuss, M. Ohno, T. Ohsugi, N. Omodei, E. Orlando, J. F. Ormes, M. Ozaki, A. Paccagnella, D. Paneque, J. H. Panetta, D. Parent, V. Pelassa, M. Pepe, M. Pesce-Rollins, M. Pinchera, F. Piron, T. A. Porter, L. Poupard, S. Rainò, R. Rando, P. S. Ray, M. Razzano, S. Razzaque, N. Rea, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, T. Reposeur, J. Ripken, S. Ritz, L. S. Rochester, A. Y. Rodriguez, R. W. Romani, M. Roth, H. F W Sadrozinski, D. Salvetti, D. Sanchez, A. Sander, P. M. Saz Parkinson, J. D. Scargle, T. L. Schalk, G. Scolieri, C. Sgrò, M. S. Shaw, E. J. Siskind, D. A. Smith, P. D. Smith, G. Spandre, P. Spinelli, J. L. Starck, T. E. Stephens, E. Striani, M. S. Strickman, A. W. Strong, D. J. Suson, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, T. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, J. B. Thayer, J. G. Thayer, D. J. Thompson, L. Tibaldo, O. Tibolla, F. Tinebra, D. F. Torres, G. Tosti, A. Tramacere, Y. Uchiyama, T. L. Usher, A. Van Etten, V. Vasileiou, N. Vilchez, V. Vitale, A. P. Waite, E. Wallace, P. Wang, K. Watters, B. L. Winer, K. S. Wood, Z. Yang, T. Ylinen, M. Ziegler

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    792 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We present a catalog of high-energy gamma-ray sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), during the first 11 months of the science phase of the mission, which began on 2008 August 4. The First Fermi-LAT catalog (1FGL) contains 1451 sources detected and characterized in the 100MeV to 100GeV range. Source detection was based on the average flux over the 11 month period, and the threshold likelihood Test Statistic is 25, corresponding to a significance of just over 4σ. The 1FGL catalog includes source location regions, defined in terms of elliptical fits to the 95% confidence regions and power-law spectral fits as well as flux measurements in five energy bands for each source. In addition, monthly light curves are provided. Using a protocol defined before launch we have tested for several populations of gamma-ray sources among the sources in the catalog. For individual LAT-detected sources we provide firm identifications or plausible associations with sources in other astronomical catalogs. Identifications are based on correlated variability with counterparts at other wavelengths, or on spin or orbital periodicity. For the catalogs and association criteria that we have selected, 630 of the sources are unassociated. Care was taken to characterize the sensitivity of the results to the model of interstellar diffuse gamma-ray emission used to model the bright foreground, with the result that 161 sources at low Galactic latitudes and toward bright local interstellar clouds are flagged as having properties that are strongly dependent on the model or as potentially being due to incorrectly modeled structure in the Galactic diffuse emission.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)405-436
    Number of pages32
    JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
    Volume188
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Fingerprint

    catalogs
    telescopes
    flux measurement
    periodicity
    energy
    power law
    wavelength
    astronomical catalogs
    Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope
    light curve
    energy bands
    science
    periodic variations
    confidence
    statistics
    gamma rays
    orbitals
    thresholds
    sensitivity
    wavelengths

    Keywords

    • Catalogs
    • Gamma rays: general

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Astronomy and Astrophysics

    Cite this

    Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Allafort, A., Antolini, E., Atwood, W. B., ... Ziegler, M. (2010). Fermi large area telescope first source catalog. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 188(2), 405-436. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/188/2/405

    Fermi large area telescope first source catalog. / Abdo, A. A.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Allafort, A.; Antolini, E.; Atwood, W. B.; Axelsson, M.; Baldini, L.; Ballet, J.; Barbiellini, G.; Bastieri, D.; Baughman, B. M.; Bechtol, K.; Bellazzini, R.; Belli, F.; Berenji, B.; Bisello, D.; Blandford, R. D.; Bloom, E. D.; Bonamente, E.; Bonnell, J.; Borgland, A. W.; Bouvier, A.; Bregeon, J.; Brez, A.; Brigida, M.; Bruel, P.; Burnett, T. H.; Busetto, G.; Buson, S.; Caliandro, G. A.; Cameron, R. A.; Campana, R.; Canadas, B.; Caraveo, P. A.; Carrigan, S.; Casandjian, J. M.; Cavazzuti, E.; Ceccanti, M.; Cecchi, C.; Çelik, Ö; Charles, E.; Chekhtman, A.; Cheung, C. C.; Chiang, J.; Cillis, A. N.; Ciprini, S.; Claus, R.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; Conrad, J.; Corbet, R.; Davis, D. S.; Deklotz, M.; Den Hartog, P. R.; Dermer, C. D.; De Angelis, A.; De Luca, A.; De Palma, F.; Digel, S. W.; Dormody, M.; Do Couto E Silva, E.; Drell, P. S.; Dubois, R.; Dumora, D.; Fabiani, D.; Farnier, C.; Favuzzi, C.; Fegan, S. J.; Ferrara, E. C.; Focke, W. B.; Fortin, P.; Frailis, M.; Fukazawa, Y.; Funk, S.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Gehrels, N.; Germani, S.; Giavitto, G.; Giebels, B.; Giglietto, N.; Giommi, P.; Giordano, F.; Giroletti, M.; Glanzman, T.; Godfrey, G.; Grenier, I. A.; Grondin, M. H.; Grove, J. E.; Guillemot, L.; Guiriec, S.; Gustafsson, M.; Hadasch, D.; Hanabata, Y.; Harding, A. K.; Hayashida, M.; Hays, E.; Healey, S. E.; Hill, A. B.; Horan, D.; Hughes, R. E.; Iafrate, G.; Jóhannesson, G.; Johnson, A. S.; Johnson, R. P.; Johnson, T. J.; Johnson, W. N.; Kamae, T.; Katagiri, H.; Kataoka, Jun; Kawai, N.; Kerr, M.; Knödlseder, J.; Kocevski, D.; Kuss, M.; Lande, J.; Landriu, D.; Latronico, L.; Lee, S. H.; Lemoine-Goumard, M.; Lionetto, A. M.; Llena Garde, M.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lott, B.; Lovellette, M. N.; Lubrano, P.; Madejski, G. M.; Makeev, A.; Marangelli, B.; Marelli, M.; Massaro, E.; Mazziotta, M. N.; McConville, W.; McEnery, J. E.; Michelson, P. F.; Minuti, M.; Mitthumsiri, W.; Mizuno, T.; Moiseev, A. A.; Mongelli, M.; Monte, C.; Monzani, M. E.; Moretti, E.; Morselli, A.; Moskalenko, I. V.; Murgia, S.; Nakajima, H.; Nakamori, T.; Naumann-Godo, M.; Nolan, P. L.; Norris, J. P.; Nuss, E.; Ohno, M.; Ohsugi, T.; Omodei, N.; Orlando, E.; Ormes, J. F.; Ozaki, M.; Paccagnella, A.; Paneque, D.; Panetta, J. H.; Parent, D.; Pelassa, V.; Pepe, M.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Pinchera, M.; Piron, F.; Porter, T. A.; Poupard, L.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Ray, P. S.; Razzano, M.; Razzaque, S.; Rea, N.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Reposeur, T.; Ripken, J.; Ritz, S.; Rochester, L. S.; Rodriguez, A. Y.; Romani, R. W.; Roth, M.; Sadrozinski, H. F W; Salvetti, D.; Sanchez, D.; Sander, A.; Saz Parkinson, P. M.; Scargle, J. D.; Schalk, T. L.; Scolieri, G.; Sgrò, C.; Shaw, M. S.; Siskind, E. J.; Smith, D. A.; Smith, P. D.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Starck, J. L.; Stephens, T. E.; Striani, E.; Strickman, M. S.; Strong, A. W.; Suson, D. J.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, H.; Takahashi, T.; Tanaka, T.; Thayer, J. B.; Thayer, J. G.; Thompson, D. J.; Tibaldo, L.; Tibolla, O.; Tinebra, F.; Torres, D. F.; Tosti, G.; Tramacere, A.; Uchiyama, Y.; Usher, T. L.; Van Etten, A.; Vasileiou, V.; Vilchez, N.; Vitale, V.; Waite, A. P.; Wallace, E.; Wang, P.; Watters, K.; Winer, B. L.; Wood, K. S.; Yang, Z.; Ylinen, T.; Ziegler, M.

    In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, Vol. 188, No. 2, 2010, p. 405-436.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abdo, AA, Ackermann, M, Ajello, M, Allafort, A, Antolini, E, Atwood, WB, Axelsson, M, Baldini, L, Ballet, J, Barbiellini, G, Bastieri, D, Baughman, BM, Bechtol, K, Bellazzini, R, Belli, F, Berenji, B, Bisello, D, Blandford, RD, Bloom, ED, Bonamente, E, Bonnell, J, Borgland, AW, Bouvier, A, Bregeon, J, Brez, A, Brigida, M, Bruel, P, Burnett, TH, Busetto, G, Buson, S, Caliandro, GA, Cameron, RA, Campana, R, Canadas, B, Caraveo, PA, Carrigan, S, Casandjian, JM, Cavazzuti, E, Ceccanti, M, Cecchi, C, Çelik, Ö, Charles, E, Chekhtman, A, Cheung, CC, Chiang, J, Cillis, AN, Ciprini, S, Claus, R, Cohen-Tanugi, J, Conrad, J, Corbet, R, Davis, DS, Deklotz, M, Den Hartog, PR, Dermer, CD, De Angelis, A, De Luca, A, De Palma, F, Digel, SW, Dormody, M, Do Couto E Silva, E, Drell, PS, Dubois, R, Dumora, D, Fabiani, D, Farnier, C, Favuzzi, C, Fegan, SJ, Ferrara, EC, Focke, WB, Fortin, P, Frailis, M, Fukazawa, Y, Funk, S, Fusco, P, Gargano, F, Gasparrini, D, Gehrels, N, Germani, S, Giavitto, G, Giebels, B, Giglietto, N, Giommi, P, Giordano, F, Giroletti, M, Glanzman, T, Godfrey, G, Grenier, IA, Grondin, MH, Grove, JE, Guillemot, L, Guiriec, S, Gustafsson, M, Hadasch, D, Hanabata, Y, Harding, AK, Hayashida, M, Hays, E, Healey, SE, Hill, AB, Horan, D, Hughes, RE, Iafrate, G, Jóhannesson, G, Johnson, AS, Johnson, RP, Johnson, TJ, Johnson, WN, Kamae, T, Katagiri, H, Kataoka, J, Kawai, N, Kerr, M, Knödlseder, J, Kocevski, D, Kuss, M, Lande, J, Landriu, D, Latronico, L, Lee, SH, Lemoine-Goumard, M, Lionetto, AM, Llena Garde, M, Longo, F, Loparco, F, Lott, B, Lovellette, MN, Lubrano, P, Madejski, GM, Makeev, A, Marangelli, B, Marelli, M, Massaro, E, Mazziotta, MN, McConville, W, McEnery, JE, Michelson, PF, Minuti, M, Mitthumsiri, W, Mizuno, T, Moiseev, AA, Mongelli, M, Monte, C, Monzani, ME, Moretti, E, Morselli, A, Moskalenko, IV, Murgia, S, Nakajima, H, Nakamori, T, Naumann-Godo, M, Nolan, PL, Norris, JP, Nuss, E, Ohno, M, Ohsugi, T, Omodei, N, Orlando, E, Ormes, JF, Ozaki, M, Paccagnella, A, Paneque, D, Panetta, JH, Parent, D, Pelassa, V, Pepe, M, Pesce-Rollins, M, Pinchera, M, Piron, F, Porter, TA, Poupard, L, Rainò, S, Rando, R, Ray, PS, Razzano, M, Razzaque, S, Rea, N, Reimer, A, Reimer, O, Reposeur, T, Ripken, J, Ritz, S, Rochester, LS, Rodriguez, AY, Romani, RW, Roth, M, Sadrozinski, HFW, Salvetti, D, Sanchez, D, Sander, A, Saz Parkinson, PM, Scargle, JD, Schalk, TL, Scolieri, G, Sgrò, C, Shaw, MS, Siskind, EJ, Smith, DA, Smith, PD, Spandre, G, Spinelli, P, Starck, JL, Stephens, TE, Striani, E, Strickman, MS, Strong, AW, Suson, DJ, Tajima, H, Takahashi, H, Takahashi, T, Tanaka, T, Thayer, JB, Thayer, JG, Thompson, DJ, Tibaldo, L, Tibolla, O, Tinebra, F, Torres, DF, Tosti, G, Tramacere, A, Uchiyama, Y, Usher, TL, Van Etten, A, Vasileiou, V, Vilchez, N, Vitale, V, Waite, AP, Wallace, E, Wang, P, Watters, K, Winer, BL, Wood, KS, Yang, Z, Ylinen, T & Ziegler, M 2010, 'Fermi large area telescope first source catalog', Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, vol. 188, no. 2, pp. 405-436. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/188/2/405
    Abdo AA, Ackermann M, Ajello M, Allafort A, Antolini E, Atwood WB et al. Fermi large area telescope first source catalog. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2010;188(2):405-436. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/188/2/405
    Abdo, A. A. ; Ackermann, M. ; Ajello, M. ; Allafort, A. ; Antolini, E. ; Atwood, W. B. ; Axelsson, M. ; Baldini, L. ; Ballet, J. ; Barbiellini, G. ; Bastieri, D. ; Baughman, B. M. ; Bechtol, K. ; Bellazzini, R. ; Belli, F. ; Berenji, B. ; Bisello, D. ; Blandford, R. D. ; Bloom, E. D. ; Bonamente, E. ; Bonnell, J. ; Borgland, A. W. ; Bouvier, A. ; Bregeon, J. ; Brez, A. ; Brigida, M. ; Bruel, P. ; Burnett, T. H. ; Busetto, G. ; Buson, S. ; Caliandro, G. A. ; Cameron, R. A. ; Campana, R. ; Canadas, B. ; Caraveo, P. A. ; Carrigan, S. ; Casandjian, J. M. ; Cavazzuti, E. ; Ceccanti, M. ; Cecchi, C. ; Çelik, Ö ; Charles, E. ; Chekhtman, A. ; Cheung, C. C. ; Chiang, J. ; Cillis, A. N. ; Ciprini, S. ; Claus, R. ; Cohen-Tanugi, J. ; Conrad, J. ; Corbet, R. ; Davis, D. S. ; Deklotz, M. ; Den Hartog, P. R. ; Dermer, C. D. ; De Angelis, A. ; De Luca, A. ; De Palma, F. ; Digel, S. W. ; Dormody, M. ; Do Couto E Silva, E. ; Drell, P. S. ; Dubois, R. ; Dumora, D. ; Fabiani, D. ; Farnier, C. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Fegan, S. J. ; Ferrara, E. C. ; Focke, W. B. ; Fortin, P. ; Frailis, M. ; Fukazawa, Y. ; Funk, S. ; Fusco, P. ; Gargano, F. ; Gasparrini, D. ; Gehrels, N. ; Germani, S. ; Giavitto, G. ; Giebels, B. ; Giglietto, N. ; Giommi, P. ; Giordano, F. ; Giroletti, M. ; Glanzman, T. ; Godfrey, G. ; Grenier, I. A. ; Grondin, M. H. ; Grove, J. E. ; Guillemot, L. ; Guiriec, S. ; Gustafsson, M. ; Hadasch, D. ; Hanabata, Y. ; Harding, A. K. ; Hayashida, M. ; Hays, E. ; Healey, S. E. ; Hill, A. B. ; Horan, D. ; Hughes, R. E. ; Iafrate, G. ; Jóhannesson, G. ; Johnson, A. S. ; Johnson, R. P. ; Johnson, T. J. ; Johnson, W. N. ; Kamae, T. ; Katagiri, H. ; Kataoka, Jun ; Kawai, N. ; Kerr, M. ; Knödlseder, J. ; Kocevski, D. ; Kuss, M. ; Lande, J. ; Landriu, D. ; Latronico, L. ; Lee, S. H. ; Lemoine-Goumard, M. ; Lionetto, A. M. ; Llena Garde, M. ; Longo, F. ; Loparco, F. ; Lott, B. ; Lovellette, M. N. ; Lubrano, P. ; Madejski, G. M. ; Makeev, A. ; Marangelli, B. ; Marelli, M. ; Massaro, E. ; Mazziotta, M. N. ; McConville, W. ; McEnery, J. E. ; Michelson, P. F. ; Minuti, M. ; Mitthumsiri, W. ; Mizuno, T. ; Moiseev, A. A. ; Mongelli, M. ; Monte, C. ; Monzani, M. E. ; Moretti, E. ; Morselli, A. ; Moskalenko, I. V. ; Murgia, S. ; Nakajima, H. ; Nakamori, T. ; Naumann-Godo, M. ; Nolan, P. L. ; Norris, J. P. ; Nuss, E. ; Ohno, M. ; Ohsugi, T. ; Omodei, N. ; Orlando, E. ; Ormes, J. F. ; Ozaki, M. ; Paccagnella, A. ; Paneque, D. ; Panetta, J. H. ; Parent, D. ; Pelassa, V. ; Pepe, M. ; Pesce-Rollins, M. ; Pinchera, M. ; Piron, F. ; Porter, T. A. ; Poupard, L. ; Rainò, S. ; Rando, R. ; Ray, P. S. ; Razzano, M. ; Razzaque, S. ; Rea, N. ; Reimer, A. ; Reimer, O. ; Reposeur, T. ; Ripken, J. ; Ritz, S. ; Rochester, L. S. ; Rodriguez, A. Y. ; Romani, R. W. ; Roth, M. ; Sadrozinski, H. F W ; Salvetti, D. ; Sanchez, D. ; Sander, A. ; Saz Parkinson, P. M. ; Scargle, J. D. ; Schalk, T. L. ; Scolieri, G. ; Sgrò, C. ; Shaw, M. S. ; Siskind, E. J. ; Smith, D. A. ; Smith, P. D. ; Spandre, G. ; Spinelli, P. ; Starck, J. L. ; Stephens, T. E. ; Striani, E. ; Strickman, M. S. ; Strong, A. W. ; Suson, D. J. ; Tajima, H. ; Takahashi, H. ; Takahashi, T. ; Tanaka, T. ; Thayer, J. B. ; Thayer, J. G. ; Thompson, D. J. ; Tibaldo, L. ; Tibolla, O. ; Tinebra, F. ; Torres, D. F. ; Tosti, G. ; Tramacere, A. ; Uchiyama, Y. ; Usher, T. L. ; Van Etten, A. ; Vasileiou, V. ; Vilchez, N. ; Vitale, V. ; Waite, A. P. ; Wallace, E. ; Wang, P. ; Watters, K. ; Winer, B. L. ; Wood, K. S. ; Yang, Z. ; Ylinen, T. ; Ziegler, M. / Fermi large area telescope first source catalog. In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2010 ; Vol. 188, No. 2. pp. 405-436.
    @article{40bd8d67eaac47cb9ee5d9b296e2e1cf,
    title = "Fermi large area telescope first source catalog",
    abstract = "We present a catalog of high-energy gamma-ray sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), during the first 11 months of the science phase of the mission, which began on 2008 August 4. The First Fermi-LAT catalog (1FGL) contains 1451 sources detected and characterized in the 100MeV to 100GeV range. Source detection was based on the average flux over the 11 month period, and the threshold likelihood Test Statistic is 25, corresponding to a significance of just over 4σ. The 1FGL catalog includes source location regions, defined in terms of elliptical fits to the 95{\%} confidence regions and power-law spectral fits as well as flux measurements in five energy bands for each source. In addition, monthly light curves are provided. Using a protocol defined before launch we have tested for several populations of gamma-ray sources among the sources in the catalog. For individual LAT-detected sources we provide firm identifications or plausible associations with sources in other astronomical catalogs. Identifications are based on correlated variability with counterparts at other wavelengths, or on spin or orbital periodicity. For the catalogs and association criteria that we have selected, 630 of the sources are unassociated. Care was taken to characterize the sensitivity of the results to the model of interstellar diffuse gamma-ray emission used to model the bright foreground, with the result that 161 sources at low Galactic latitudes and toward bright local interstellar clouds are flagged as having properties that are strongly dependent on the model or as potentially being due to incorrectly modeled structure in the Galactic diffuse emission.",
    keywords = "Catalogs, Gamma rays: general",
    author = "Abdo, {A. A.} and M. Ackermann and M. Ajello and A. Allafort and E. Antolini and Atwood, {W. B.} and M. Axelsson and L. Baldini and J. Ballet and G. Barbiellini and D. Bastieri and Baughman, {B. M.} and K. Bechtol and R. Bellazzini and F. Belli and B. Berenji and D. Bisello and Blandford, {R. D.} and Bloom, {E. D.} and E. Bonamente and J. Bonnell and Borgland, {A. W.} and A. Bouvier and J. Bregeon and A. Brez and M. Brigida and P. Bruel and Burnett, {T. H.} and G. Busetto and S. Buson and Caliandro, {G. A.} and Cameron, {R. A.} and R. Campana and B. Canadas and Caraveo, {P. A.} and S. Carrigan and Casandjian, {J. M.} and E. Cavazzuti and M. Ceccanti and C. Cecchi and {\"O} {\cC}elik and E. Charles and A. Chekhtman and Cheung, {C. C.} and J. Chiang and Cillis, {A. N.} and S. Ciprini and R. Claus and J. Cohen-Tanugi and J. Conrad and R. Corbet and Davis, {D. S.} and M. Deklotz and {Den Hartog}, {P. R.} and Dermer, {C. D.} and {De Angelis}, A. and {De Luca}, A. and {De Palma}, F. and Digel, {S. W.} and M. Dormody and {Do Couto E Silva}, E. and Drell, {P. S.} and R. Dubois and D. Dumora and D. Fabiani and C. Farnier and C. Favuzzi and Fegan, {S. J.} and Ferrara, {E. C.} and Focke, {W. B.} and P. Fortin and M. Frailis and Y. Fukazawa and S. Funk and P. Fusco and F. Gargano and D. Gasparrini and N. Gehrels and S. Germani and G. Giavitto and B. Giebels and N. Giglietto and P. Giommi and F. Giordano and M. Giroletti and T. Glanzman and G. Godfrey and Grenier, {I. A.} and Grondin, {M. H.} and Grove, {J. E.} and L. Guillemot and S. Guiriec and M. Gustafsson and D. Hadasch and Y. Hanabata and Harding, {A. K.} and M. Hayashida and E. Hays and Healey, {S. E.} and Hill, {A. B.} and D. Horan and Hughes, {R. E.} and G. Iafrate and G. J{\'o}hannesson and Johnson, {A. S.} and Johnson, {R. P.} and Johnson, {T. J.} and Johnson, {W. N.} and T. Kamae and H. Katagiri and Jun Kataoka and N. Kawai and M. Kerr and J. Kn{\"o}dlseder and D. Kocevski and M. Kuss and J. Lande and D. Landriu and L. Latronico and Lee, {S. H.} and M. Lemoine-Goumard and Lionetto, {A. M.} and {Llena Garde}, M. and F. Longo and F. Loparco and B. Lott and Lovellette, {M. N.} and P. Lubrano and Madejski, {G. M.} and A. Makeev and B. Marangelli and M. Marelli and E. Massaro and Mazziotta, {M. N.} and W. McConville and McEnery, {J. E.} and Michelson, {P. F.} and M. Minuti and W. Mitthumsiri and T. Mizuno and Moiseev, {A. A.} and M. Mongelli and C. Monte and Monzani, {M. E.} and E. Moretti and A. Morselli and Moskalenko, {I. V.} and S. Murgia and H. Nakajima and T. Nakamori and M. Naumann-Godo and Nolan, {P. L.} and Norris, {J. P.} and E. Nuss and M. Ohno and T. Ohsugi and N. Omodei and E. Orlando and Ormes, {J. F.} and M. Ozaki and A. Paccagnella and D. Paneque and Panetta, {J. H.} and D. Parent and V. Pelassa and M. Pepe and M. Pesce-Rollins and M. Pinchera and F. Piron and Porter, {T. A.} and L. Poupard and S. Rain{\`o} and R. Rando and Ray, {P. S.} and M. Razzano and S. Razzaque and N. Rea and A. Reimer and O. Reimer and T. Reposeur and J. Ripken and S. Ritz and Rochester, {L. S.} and Rodriguez, {A. Y.} and Romani, {R. W.} and M. Roth and Sadrozinski, {H. F W} and D. Salvetti and D. Sanchez and A. Sander and {Saz Parkinson}, {P. M.} and Scargle, {J. D.} and Schalk, {T. L.} and G. Scolieri and C. Sgr{\`o} and Shaw, {M. S.} and Siskind, {E. J.} and Smith, {D. A.} and Smith, {P. D.} and G. Spandre and P. Spinelli and Starck, {J. L.} and Stephens, {T. E.} and E. Striani and Strickman, {M. S.} and Strong, {A. W.} and Suson, {D. J.} and H. Tajima and H. Takahashi and T. Takahashi and T. Tanaka and Thayer, {J. B.} and Thayer, {J. G.} and Thompson, {D. J.} and L. Tibaldo and O. Tibolla and F. Tinebra and Torres, {D. F.} and G. Tosti and A. Tramacere and Y. Uchiyama and Usher, {T. L.} and {Van Etten}, A. and V. Vasileiou and N. Vilchez and V. Vitale and Waite, {A. P.} and E. Wallace and P. Wang and K. Watters and Winer, {B. L.} and Wood, {K. S.} and Z. Yang and T. Ylinen and M. Ziegler",
    year = "2010",
    doi = "10.1088/0067-0049/188/2/405",
    language = "English",
    volume = "188",
    pages = "405--436",
    journal = "Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series",
    issn = "0067-0049",
    publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
    number = "2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Fermi large area telescope first source catalog

    AU - Abdo, A. A.

    AU - Ackermann, M.

    AU - Ajello, M.

    AU - Allafort, A.

    AU - Antolini, E.

    AU - Atwood, W. B.

    AU - Axelsson, M.

    AU - Baldini, L.

    AU - Ballet, J.

    AU - Barbiellini, G.

    AU - Bastieri, D.

    AU - Baughman, B. M.

    AU - Bechtol, K.

    AU - Bellazzini, R.

    AU - Belli, F.

    AU - Berenji, B.

    AU - Bisello, D.

    AU - Blandford, R. D.

    AU - Bloom, E. D.

    AU - Bonamente, E.

    AU - Bonnell, J.

    AU - Borgland, A. W.

    AU - Bouvier, A.

    AU - Bregeon, J.

    AU - Brez, A.

    AU - Brigida, M.

    AU - Bruel, P.

    AU - Burnett, T. H.

    AU - Busetto, G.

    AU - Buson, S.

    AU - Caliandro, G. A.

    AU - Cameron, R. A.

    AU - Campana, R.

    AU - Canadas, B.

    AU - Caraveo, P. A.

    AU - Carrigan, S.

    AU - Casandjian, J. M.

    AU - Cavazzuti, E.

    AU - Ceccanti, M.

    AU - Cecchi, C.

    AU - Çelik, Ö

    AU - Charles, E.

    AU - Chekhtman, A.

    AU - Cheung, C. C.

    AU - Chiang, J.

    AU - Cillis, A. N.

    AU - Ciprini, S.

    AU - Claus, R.

    AU - Cohen-Tanugi, J.

    AU - Conrad, J.

    AU - Corbet, R.

    AU - Davis, D. S.

    AU - Deklotz, M.

    AU - Den Hartog, P. R.

    AU - Dermer, C. D.

    AU - De Angelis, A.

    AU - De Luca, A.

    AU - De Palma, F.

    AU - Digel, S. W.

    AU - Dormody, M.

    AU - Do Couto E Silva, E.

    AU - Drell, P. S.

    AU - Dubois, R.

    AU - Dumora, D.

    AU - Fabiani, D.

    AU - Farnier, C.

    AU - Favuzzi, C.

    AU - Fegan, S. J.

    AU - Ferrara, E. C.

    AU - Focke, W. B.

    AU - Fortin, P.

    AU - Frailis, M.

    AU - Fukazawa, Y.

    AU - Funk, S.

    AU - Fusco, P.

    AU - Gargano, F.

    AU - Gasparrini, D.

    AU - Gehrels, N.

    AU - Germani, S.

    AU - Giavitto, G.

    AU - Giebels, B.

    AU - Giglietto, N.

    AU - Giommi, P.

    AU - Giordano, F.

    AU - Giroletti, M.

    AU - Glanzman, T.

    AU - Godfrey, G.

    AU - Grenier, I. A.

    AU - Grondin, M. H.

    AU - Grove, J. E.

    AU - Guillemot, L.

    AU - Guiriec, S.

    AU - Gustafsson, M.

    AU - Hadasch, D.

    AU - Hanabata, Y.

    AU - Harding, A. K.

    AU - Hayashida, M.

    AU - Hays, E.

    AU - Healey, S. E.

    AU - Hill, A. B.

    AU - Horan, D.

    AU - Hughes, R. E.

    AU - Iafrate, G.

    AU - Jóhannesson, G.

    AU - Johnson, A. S.

    AU - Johnson, R. P.

    AU - Johnson, T. J.

    AU - Johnson, W. N.

    AU - Kamae, T.

    AU - Katagiri, H.

    AU - Kataoka, Jun

    AU - Kawai, N.

    AU - Kerr, M.

    AU - Knödlseder, J.

    AU - Kocevski, D.

    AU - Kuss, M.

    AU - Lande, J.

    AU - Landriu, D.

    AU - Latronico, L.

    AU - Lee, S. H.

    AU - Lemoine-Goumard, M.

    AU - Lionetto, A. M.

    AU - Llena Garde, M.

    AU - Longo, F.

    AU - Loparco, F.

    AU - Lott, B.

    AU - Lovellette, M. N.

    AU - Lubrano, P.

    AU - Madejski, G. M.

    AU - Makeev, A.

    AU - Marangelli, B.

    AU - Marelli, M.

    AU - Massaro, E.

    AU - Mazziotta, M. N.

    AU - McConville, W.

    AU - McEnery, J. E.

    AU - Michelson, P. F.

    AU - Minuti, M.

    AU - Mitthumsiri, W.

    AU - Mizuno, T.

    AU - Moiseev, A. A.

    AU - Mongelli, M.

    AU - Monte, C.

    AU - Monzani, M. E.

    AU - Moretti, E.

    AU - Morselli, A.

    AU - Moskalenko, I. V.

    AU - Murgia, S.

    AU - Nakajima, H.

    AU - Nakamori, T.

    AU - Naumann-Godo, M.

    AU - Nolan, P. L.

    AU - Norris, J. P.

    AU - Nuss, E.

    AU - Ohno, M.

    AU - Ohsugi, T.

    AU - Omodei, N.

    AU - Orlando, E.

    AU - Ormes, J. F.

    AU - Ozaki, M.

    AU - Paccagnella, A.

    AU - Paneque, D.

    AU - Panetta, J. H.

    AU - Parent, D.

    AU - Pelassa, V.

    AU - Pepe, M.

    AU - Pesce-Rollins, M.

    AU - Pinchera, M.

    AU - Piron, F.

    AU - Porter, T. A.

    AU - Poupard, L.

    AU - Rainò, S.

    AU - Rando, R.

    AU - Ray, P. S.

    AU - Razzano, M.

    AU - Razzaque, S.

    AU - Rea, N.

    AU - Reimer, A.

    AU - Reimer, O.

    AU - Reposeur, T.

    AU - Ripken, J.

    AU - Ritz, S.

    AU - Rochester, L. S.

    AU - Rodriguez, A. Y.

    AU - Romani, R. W.

    AU - Roth, M.

    AU - Sadrozinski, H. F W

    AU - Salvetti, D.

    AU - Sanchez, D.

    AU - Sander, A.

    AU - Saz Parkinson, P. M.

    AU - Scargle, J. D.

    AU - Schalk, T. L.

    AU - Scolieri, G.

    AU - Sgrò, C.

    AU - Shaw, M. S.

    AU - Siskind, E. J.

    AU - Smith, D. A.

    AU - Smith, P. D.

    AU - Spandre, G.

    AU - Spinelli, P.

    AU - Starck, J. L.

    AU - Stephens, T. E.

    AU - Striani, E.

    AU - Strickman, M. S.

    AU - Strong, A. W.

    AU - Suson, D. J.

    AU - Tajima, H.

    AU - Takahashi, H.

    AU - Takahashi, T.

    AU - Tanaka, T.

    AU - Thayer, J. B.

    AU - Thayer, J. G.

    AU - Thompson, D. J.

    AU - Tibaldo, L.

    AU - Tibolla, O.

    AU - Tinebra, F.

    AU - Torres, D. F.

    AU - Tosti, G.

    AU - Tramacere, A.

    AU - Uchiyama, Y.

    AU - Usher, T. L.

    AU - Van Etten, A.

    AU - Vasileiou, V.

    AU - Vilchez, N.

    AU - Vitale, V.

    AU - Waite, A. P.

    AU - Wallace, E.

    AU - Wang, P.

    AU - Watters, K.

    AU - Winer, B. L.

    AU - Wood, K. S.

    AU - Yang, Z.

    AU - Ylinen, T.

    AU - Ziegler, M.

    PY - 2010

    Y1 - 2010

    N2 - We present a catalog of high-energy gamma-ray sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), during the first 11 months of the science phase of the mission, which began on 2008 August 4. The First Fermi-LAT catalog (1FGL) contains 1451 sources detected and characterized in the 100MeV to 100GeV range. Source detection was based on the average flux over the 11 month period, and the threshold likelihood Test Statistic is 25, corresponding to a significance of just over 4σ. The 1FGL catalog includes source location regions, defined in terms of elliptical fits to the 95% confidence regions and power-law spectral fits as well as flux measurements in five energy bands for each source. In addition, monthly light curves are provided. Using a protocol defined before launch we have tested for several populations of gamma-ray sources among the sources in the catalog. For individual LAT-detected sources we provide firm identifications or plausible associations with sources in other astronomical catalogs. Identifications are based on correlated variability with counterparts at other wavelengths, or on spin or orbital periodicity. For the catalogs and association criteria that we have selected, 630 of the sources are unassociated. Care was taken to characterize the sensitivity of the results to the model of interstellar diffuse gamma-ray emission used to model the bright foreground, with the result that 161 sources at low Galactic latitudes and toward bright local interstellar clouds are flagged as having properties that are strongly dependent on the model or as potentially being due to incorrectly modeled structure in the Galactic diffuse emission.

    AB - We present a catalog of high-energy gamma-ray sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), during the first 11 months of the science phase of the mission, which began on 2008 August 4. The First Fermi-LAT catalog (1FGL) contains 1451 sources detected and characterized in the 100MeV to 100GeV range. Source detection was based on the average flux over the 11 month period, and the threshold likelihood Test Statistic is 25, corresponding to a significance of just over 4σ. The 1FGL catalog includes source location regions, defined in terms of elliptical fits to the 95% confidence regions and power-law spectral fits as well as flux measurements in five energy bands for each source. In addition, monthly light curves are provided. Using a protocol defined before launch we have tested for several populations of gamma-ray sources among the sources in the catalog. For individual LAT-detected sources we provide firm identifications or plausible associations with sources in other astronomical catalogs. Identifications are based on correlated variability with counterparts at other wavelengths, or on spin or orbital periodicity. For the catalogs and association criteria that we have selected, 630 of the sources are unassociated. Care was taken to characterize the sensitivity of the results to the model of interstellar diffuse gamma-ray emission used to model the bright foreground, with the result that 161 sources at low Galactic latitudes and toward bright local interstellar clouds are flagged as having properties that are strongly dependent on the model or as potentially being due to incorrectly modeled structure in the Galactic diffuse emission.

    KW - Catalogs

    KW - Gamma rays: general

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77953203960&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77953203960&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1088/0067-0049/188/2/405

    DO - 10.1088/0067-0049/188/2/405

    M3 - Article

    VL - 188

    SP - 405

    EP - 436

    JO - Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series

    JF - Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series

    SN - 0067-0049

    IS - 2

    ER -