Fermi observations of high-energy gamma-ray emission from GRB 080916C

A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, M. Arimoto, K. Asano, W. B. Atwood, M. Axelsson, L. Baldini, J. Ballet, D. L. Band, G. Barbiellini, M. G. Baring, D. Bastieri, M. Battelino, B. M. Baughman, K. Bechtol, F. Bellardi, R. Bellazzini, B. Berenji, P. N. Bhat, E. Bissaldi & 232 others R. D. Btandford, E. D. Bloom, G. Bogaert, J. R. Bogart, E. Bonamente, J. Bonnell, A. W. Borgland, A. Bouvier, J. Bregeon, A. Brez, M. S. Briggs, M. Brigida, P. Bruel, T. H. Burnett, D. Burrows, G. Busetto, G. A. Caliandro, R. A. Cameron, P. A. Caraveo, J. M. Casandjian, M. Ceccanti, C. Cecchi, A. Celotti, E. Charles, A. Chekhtman, C. C. Cheung, J. Chiang, S. Ciprini, R. Claus, J. Cohen-Tanugi, L. R. Cominsky, V. Connaughton, J. Conrad, L. Costamante, S. Cutini, M. DeKlotz, C. D. Dermer, A. De Angelis, F. De Palma, S. W. Digel, B. L. Dingus, E. Do Couto E Silva, P. S. Drell, R. Dubois, D. Dumora, Y. Edmonds, P. A. Evans, D. Fabiani, C. Farnier, C. Favuzzi, J. Finke, G. Fishman, W. B. Focke, M. Frailis, Y. Fukazawa, S. Funk, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, D. Gasparrini, N. Gehreis, S. Germani, B. Giebels, N. Giglietto, P. Giommi, F. Giordano, T. Glanzman, G. Godfrey, A. Goldstein, J. Granot, J. Greiner, I. A. Grenier, M. H. Grondin, J. E. Grove, L. Guillemot, S. Guiriec, G. Haller, Y. Hanabata, A. K. Harding, M. Hayashida, E. Hays, J. A. Hernando Morata, A. Hoover, R. E. Hughes, G. Jóhannesson, A. S. Johnson, R. P. Johnson, T. J. Johnson, W. N. Johnson, T. Kamae, H. Katagiri, Jun Kataoka, A. Kavelaars, N. Kawai, H. Kelly, J. Kennea, M. Kerr, R. M. Kippen, J. Knödlseder, D. Kocevski, M. L. Kocian, N. Komin, C. Kouveliotou, F. Kuehn, M. Kuss, J. Lande, D. Landriu, S. Larsson, L. Latronico, C. Lavalley, B. Lee, S. H. Lee, M. Lemoine-Goumard, G. G. Lichti, F. Longo, F. Loparco, B. Lott, M. N. Lovellette, P. Lubrano, G. M. Madejski, A. Makeev, B. Marangelli, M. N. Mazziotta, S. McBreen, J. E. McEnery, S. McGlynn, C. Meegan, P. Mészaros, C. Meurer, P. F. Michelson, M. Minuti, N. Mirizzi, W. Mitthumsiri, T. Mizuno, A. A. Moiseev, C. Monte, M. E. Monzani, E. Moretti, A. Morselli, V. Moskalenko, S. Murgia, T. Nakamori, D. Nelson, P. L. Nolan, J. P. Norris, E. Nuss, M. Ohno, T. Ohsugi, A. Okumura, N. Omodei, E. Orlando, J. F. Ormes, M. Ozaki, W. S. Paciesas, D. Paneque, J. H. Panetta, D. Parent, V. Pelassa, M. Pepe, M. Perri, M. Pesce-Rollins, V. Petrosian, M. Pinchera, F. Piron, T. A. Porter, R. Preece, S. Rainò, E. Ramirez-Ruiz, R. Rando, E. Rapposelli, M. Razzano, S. Razzaque, N. Rea, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, T. Reposeur, L. C. Reyes, S. Ritz, L. S. Rochester, A. Y. Rodriguez, M. Roth, F. Ryde, H. F W Sadrozinski, D. Sanchez, A. Sander, P. M. Saz Parkinson, J. D. Scargle, T. L. Schalk, K. N. Segal, C. Sgrò, T. Shimokawabe, E. J. Siskind, D. A. Smith, P. D. Smith, G. Spandre, P. Spinelli, M. Stamatikos, J. L. Starek, F. W. Stecker, H. Steinte, T. E. Stephens, M. S. Strickman, D. J. Suson, G. Tagliaferri, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, T. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, A. Tenze, J. B. Thayer, J. G. Thayer, D. J. Thompson, L. Tibaldo, D. F. Torres, G. Tosti, A. Tramacere, M. Turri, S. Tuvi, T. L. Usher, A. J. Van Der Horst, L. Vigiani, N. Vilchez, V. Vitale, A. Von Kienlin, A. P. Waite, D. A. Williams, C. Wilson-Hodge, B. L. Winer, K. S. Wood, X. F. Wu, R. Yamazaki, T. Ylinen, M. Ziegler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

508 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are highly energetic explosions signaling the death of massive stars in distant galaxies. The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Observatory together record GRBs over a broad energy range spanning about 7 decades of gamma-ray energy. In September 2008, Fermi observed the exceptionally luminous GRB 080916C, with the largest apparent energy release yet measured. The high-energy gamma rays are observed to start later and persist longer than the lower energy photons. A simple spectral form fits the entire GRB spectrum, providing strong constraints on emission models. The known distance of the burst enables placing lower limits on the bulk Lorentz factor of the outflow and on the quantum gravity mass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1688-1693
Number of pages6
JournalScience
Volume323
Issue number5922
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar 27
Externally publishedYes

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Gamma Rays
Galaxies
Telescopes
Explosions
Gravitation
Photons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Arimoto, M., Asano, K., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., ... Ziegler, M. (2009). Fermi observations of high-energy gamma-ray emission from GRB 080916C. Science, 323(5922), 1688-1693. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1169101

Fermi observations of high-energy gamma-ray emission from GRB 080916C. / Abdo, A. A.; Ackermann, M.; Arimoto, M.; Asano, K.; Atwood, W. B.; Axelsson, M.; Baldini, L.; Ballet, J.; Band, D. L.; Barbiellini, G.; Baring, M. G.; Bastieri, D.; Battelino, M.; Baughman, B. M.; Bechtol, K.; Bellardi, F.; Bellazzini, R.; Berenji, B.; Bhat, P. N.; Bissaldi, E.; Btandford, R. D.; Bloom, E. D.; Bogaert, G.; Bogart, J. R.; Bonamente, E.; Bonnell, J.; Borgland, A. W.; Bouvier, A.; Bregeon, J.; Brez, A.; Briggs, M. S.; Brigida, M.; Bruel, P.; Burnett, T. H.; Burrows, D.; Busetto, G.; Caliandro, G. A.; Cameron, R. A.; Caraveo, P. A.; Casandjian, J. M.; Ceccanti, M.; Cecchi, C.; Celotti, A.; Charles, E.; Chekhtman, A.; Cheung, C. C.; Chiang, J.; Ciprini, S.; Claus, R.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; Cominsky, L. R.; Connaughton, V.; Conrad, J.; Costamante, L.; Cutini, S.; DeKlotz, M.; Dermer, C. D.; De Angelis, A.; De Palma, F.; Digel, S. W.; Dingus, B. L.; Do Couto E Silva, E.; Drell, P. S.; Dubois, R.; Dumora, D.; Edmonds, Y.; Evans, P. A.; Fabiani, D.; Farnier, C.; Favuzzi, C.; Finke, J.; Fishman, G.; Focke, W. B.; Frailis, M.; Fukazawa, Y.; Funk, S.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Gehreis, N.; Germani, S.; Giebels, B.; Giglietto, N.; Giommi, P.; Giordano, F.; Glanzman, T.; Godfrey, G.; Goldstein, A.; Granot, J.; Greiner, J.; Grenier, I. A.; Grondin, M. H.; Grove, J. E.; Guillemot, L.; Guiriec, S.; Haller, G.; Hanabata, Y.; Harding, A. K.; Hayashida, M.; Hays, E.; Hernando Morata, J. A.; Hoover, A.; Hughes, R. E.; Jóhannesson, G.; Johnson, A. S.; Johnson, R. P.; Johnson, T. J.; Johnson, W. N.; Kamae, T.; Katagiri, H.; Kataoka, Jun; Kavelaars, A.; Kawai, N.; Kelly, H.; Kennea, J.; Kerr, M.; Kippen, R. M.; Knödlseder, J.; Kocevski, D.; Kocian, M. L.; Komin, N.; Kouveliotou, C.; Kuehn, F.; Kuss, M.; Lande, J.; Landriu, D.; Larsson, S.; Latronico, L.; Lavalley, C.; Lee, B.; Lee, S. H.; Lemoine-Goumard, M.; Lichti, G. G.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lott, B.; Lovellette, M. N.; Lubrano, P.; Madejski, G. M.; Makeev, A.; Marangelli, B.; Mazziotta, M. N.; McBreen, S.; McEnery, J. E.; McGlynn, S.; Meegan, C.; Mészaros, P.; Meurer, C.; Michelson, P. F.; Minuti, M.; Mirizzi, N.; Mitthumsiri, W.; Mizuno, T.; Moiseev, A. A.; Monte, C.; Monzani, M. E.; Moretti, E.; Morselli, A.; Moskalenko, V.; Murgia, S.; Nakamori, T.; Nelson, D.; Nolan, P. L.; Norris, J. P.; Nuss, E.; Ohno, M.; Ohsugi, T.; Okumura, A.; Omodei, N.; Orlando, E.; Ormes, J. F.; Ozaki, M.; Paciesas, W. S.; Paneque, D.; Panetta, J. H.; Parent, D.; Pelassa, V.; Pepe, M.; Perri, M.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Petrosian, V.; Pinchera, M.; Piron, F.; Porter, T. A.; Preece, R.; Rainò, S.; Ramirez-Ruiz, E.; Rando, R.; Rapposelli, E.; Razzano, M.; Razzaque, S.; Rea, N.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Reposeur, T.; Reyes, L. C.; Ritz, S.; Rochester, L. S.; Rodriguez, A. Y.; Roth, M.; Ryde, F.; Sadrozinski, H. F W; Sanchez, D.; Sander, A.; Saz Parkinson, P. M.; Scargle, J. D.; Schalk, T. L.; Segal, K. N.; Sgrò, C.; Shimokawabe, T.; Siskind, E. J.; Smith, D. A.; Smith, P. D.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Stamatikos, M.; Starek, J. L.; Stecker, F. W.; Steinte, H.; Stephens, T. E.; Strickman, M. S.; Suson, D. J.; Tagliaferri, G.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, H.; Takahashi, T.; Tanaka, T.; Tenze, A.; Thayer, J. B.; Thayer, J. G.; Thompson, D. J.; Tibaldo, L.; Torres, D. F.; Tosti, G.; Tramacere, A.; Turri, M.; Tuvi, S.; Usher, T. L.; Van Der Horst, A. J.; Vigiani, L.; Vilchez, N.; Vitale, V.; Von Kienlin, A.; Waite, A. P.; Williams, D. A.; Wilson-Hodge, C.; Winer, B. L.; Wood, K. S.; Wu, X. F.; Yamazaki, R.; Ylinen, T.; Ziegler, M.

In: Science, Vol. 323, No. 5922, 27.03.2009, p. 1688-1693.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abdo, AA, Ackermann, M, Arimoto, M, Asano, K, Atwood, WB, Axelsson, M, Baldini, L, Ballet, J, Band, DL, Barbiellini, G, Baring, MG, Bastieri, D, Battelino, M, Baughman, BM, Bechtol, K, Bellardi, F, Bellazzini, R, Berenji, B, Bhat, PN, Bissaldi, E, Btandford, RD, Bloom, ED, Bogaert, G, Bogart, JR, Bonamente, E, Bonnell, J, Borgland, AW, Bouvier, A, Bregeon, J, Brez, A, Briggs, MS, Brigida, M, Bruel, P, Burnett, TH, Burrows, D, Busetto, G, Caliandro, GA, Cameron, RA, Caraveo, PA, Casandjian, JM, Ceccanti, M, Cecchi, C, Celotti, A, Charles, E, Chekhtman, A, Cheung, CC, Chiang, J, Ciprini, S, Claus, R, Cohen-Tanugi, J, Cominsky, LR, Connaughton, V, Conrad, J, Costamante, L, Cutini, S, DeKlotz, M, Dermer, CD, De Angelis, A, De Palma, F, Digel, SW, Dingus, BL, Do Couto E Silva, E, Drell, PS, Dubois, R, Dumora, D, Edmonds, Y, Evans, PA, Fabiani, D, Farnier, C, Favuzzi, C, Finke, J, Fishman, G, Focke, WB, Frailis, M, Fukazawa, Y, Funk, S, Fusco, P, Gargano, F, Gasparrini, D, Gehreis, N, Germani, S, Giebels, B, Giglietto, N, Giommi, P, Giordano, F, Glanzman, T, Godfrey, G, Goldstein, A, Granot, J, Greiner, J, Grenier, IA, Grondin, MH, Grove, JE, Guillemot, L, Guiriec, S, Haller, G, Hanabata, Y, Harding, AK, Hayashida, M, Hays, E, Hernando Morata, JA, Hoover, A, Hughes, RE, Jóhannesson, G, Johnson, AS, Johnson, RP, Johnson, TJ, Johnson, WN, Kamae, T, Katagiri, H, Kataoka, J, Kavelaars, A, Kawai, N, Kelly, H, Kennea, J, Kerr, M, Kippen, RM, Knödlseder, J, Kocevski, D, Kocian, ML, Komin, N, Kouveliotou, C, Kuehn, F, Kuss, M, Lande, J, Landriu, D, Larsson, S, Latronico, L, Lavalley, C, Lee, B, Lee, SH, Lemoine-Goumard, M, Lichti, GG, Longo, F, Loparco, F, Lott, B, Lovellette, MN, Lubrano, P, Madejski, GM, Makeev, A, Marangelli, B, Mazziotta, MN, McBreen, S, McEnery, JE, McGlynn, S, Meegan, C, Mészaros, P, Meurer, C, Michelson, PF, Minuti, M, Mirizzi, N, Mitthumsiri, W, Mizuno, T, Moiseev, AA, Monte, C, Monzani, ME, Moretti, E, Morselli, A, Moskalenko, V, Murgia, S, Nakamori, T, Nelson, D, Nolan, PL, Norris, JP, Nuss, E, Ohno, M, Ohsugi, T, Okumura, A, Omodei, N, Orlando, E, Ormes, JF, Ozaki, M, Paciesas, WS, Paneque, D, Panetta, JH, Parent, D, Pelassa, V, Pepe, M, Perri, M, Pesce-Rollins, M, Petrosian, V, Pinchera, M, Piron, F, Porter, TA, Preece, R, Rainò, S, Ramirez-Ruiz, E, Rando, R, Rapposelli, E, Razzano, M, Razzaque, S, Rea, N, Reimer, A, Reimer, O, Reposeur, T, Reyes, LC, Ritz, S, Rochester, LS, Rodriguez, AY, Roth, M, Ryde, F, Sadrozinski, HFW, Sanchez, D, Sander, A, Saz Parkinson, PM, Scargle, JD, Schalk, TL, Segal, KN, Sgrò, C, Shimokawabe, T, Siskind, EJ, Smith, DA, Smith, PD, Spandre, G, Spinelli, P, Stamatikos, M, Starek, JL, Stecker, FW, Steinte, H, Stephens, TE, Strickman, MS, Suson, DJ, Tagliaferri, G, Tajima, H, Takahashi, H, Takahashi, T, Tanaka, T, Tenze, A, Thayer, JB, Thayer, JG, Thompson, DJ, Tibaldo, L, Torres, DF, Tosti, G, Tramacere, A, Turri, M, Tuvi, S, Usher, TL, Van Der Horst, AJ, Vigiani, L, Vilchez, N, Vitale, V, Von Kienlin, A, Waite, AP, Williams, DA, Wilson-Hodge, C, Winer, BL, Wood, KS, Wu, XF, Yamazaki, R, Ylinen, T & Ziegler, M 2009, 'Fermi observations of high-energy gamma-ray emission from GRB 080916C', Science, vol. 323, no. 5922, pp. 1688-1693. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1169101
Abdo AA, Ackermann M, Arimoto M, Asano K, Atwood WB, Axelsson M et al. Fermi observations of high-energy gamma-ray emission from GRB 080916C. Science. 2009 Mar 27;323(5922):1688-1693. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1169101
Abdo, A. A. ; Ackermann, M. ; Arimoto, M. ; Asano, K. ; Atwood, W. B. ; Axelsson, M. ; Baldini, L. ; Ballet, J. ; Band, D. L. ; Barbiellini, G. ; Baring, M. G. ; Bastieri, D. ; Battelino, M. ; Baughman, B. M. ; Bechtol, K. ; Bellardi, F. ; Bellazzini, R. ; Berenji, B. ; Bhat, P. N. ; Bissaldi, E. ; Btandford, R. D. ; Bloom, E. D. ; Bogaert, G. ; Bogart, J. R. ; Bonamente, E. ; Bonnell, J. ; Borgland, A. W. ; Bouvier, A. ; Bregeon, J. ; Brez, A. ; Briggs, M. S. ; Brigida, M. ; Bruel, P. ; Burnett, T. H. ; Burrows, D. ; Busetto, G. ; Caliandro, G. A. ; Cameron, R. A. ; Caraveo, P. A. ; Casandjian, J. M. ; Ceccanti, M. ; Cecchi, C. ; Celotti, A. ; Charles, E. ; Chekhtman, A. ; Cheung, C. C. ; Chiang, J. ; Ciprini, S. ; Claus, R. ; Cohen-Tanugi, J. ; Cominsky, L. R. ; Connaughton, V. ; Conrad, J. ; Costamante, L. ; Cutini, S. ; DeKlotz, M. ; Dermer, C. D. ; De Angelis, A. ; De Palma, F. ; Digel, S. W. ; Dingus, B. L. ; Do Couto E Silva, E. ; Drell, P. S. ; Dubois, R. ; Dumora, D. ; Edmonds, Y. ; Evans, P. A. ; Fabiani, D. ; Farnier, C. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Finke, J. ; Fishman, G. ; Focke, W. B. ; Frailis, M. ; Fukazawa, Y. ; Funk, S. ; Fusco, P. ; Gargano, F. ; Gasparrini, D. ; Gehreis, N. ; Germani, S. ; Giebels, B. ; Giglietto, N. ; Giommi, P. ; Giordano, F. ; Glanzman, T. ; Godfrey, G. ; Goldstein, A. ; Granot, J. ; Greiner, J. ; Grenier, I. A. ; Grondin, M. H. ; Grove, J. E. ; Guillemot, L. ; Guiriec, S. ; Haller, G. ; Hanabata, Y. ; Harding, A. K. ; Hayashida, M. ; Hays, E. ; Hernando Morata, J. A. ; Hoover, A. ; Hughes, R. E. ; Jóhannesson, G. ; Johnson, A. S. ; Johnson, R. P. ; Johnson, T. J. ; Johnson, W. N. ; Kamae, T. ; Katagiri, H. ; Kataoka, Jun ; Kavelaars, A. ; Kawai, N. ; Kelly, H. ; Kennea, J. ; Kerr, M. ; Kippen, R. M. ; Knödlseder, J. ; Kocevski, D. ; Kocian, M. L. ; Komin, N. ; Kouveliotou, C. ; Kuehn, F. ; Kuss, M. ; Lande, J. ; Landriu, D. ; Larsson, S. ; Latronico, L. ; Lavalley, C. ; Lee, B. ; Lee, S. H. ; Lemoine-Goumard, M. ; Lichti, G. G. ; Longo, F. ; Loparco, F. ; Lott, B. ; Lovellette, M. N. ; Lubrano, P. ; Madejski, G. M. ; Makeev, A. ; Marangelli, B. ; Mazziotta, M. N. ; McBreen, S. ; McEnery, J. E. ; McGlynn, S. ; Meegan, C. ; Mészaros, P. ; Meurer, C. ; Michelson, P. F. ; Minuti, M. ; Mirizzi, N. ; Mitthumsiri, W. ; Mizuno, T. ; Moiseev, A. A. ; Monte, C. ; Monzani, M. E. ; Moretti, E. ; Morselli, A. ; Moskalenko, V. ; Murgia, S. ; Nakamori, T. ; Nelson, D. ; Nolan, P. L. ; Norris, J. P. ; Nuss, E. ; Ohno, M. ; Ohsugi, T. ; Okumura, A. ; Omodei, N. ; Orlando, E. ; Ormes, J. F. ; Ozaki, M. ; Paciesas, W. S. ; Paneque, D. ; Panetta, J. H. ; Parent, D. ; Pelassa, V. ; Pepe, M. ; Perri, M. ; Pesce-Rollins, M. ; Petrosian, V. ; Pinchera, M. ; Piron, F. ; Porter, T. A. ; Preece, R. ; Rainò, S. ; Ramirez-Ruiz, E. ; Rando, R. ; Rapposelli, E. ; Razzano, M. ; Razzaque, S. ; Rea, N. ; Reimer, A. ; Reimer, O. ; Reposeur, T. ; Reyes, L. C. ; Ritz, S. ; Rochester, L. S. ; Rodriguez, A. Y. ; Roth, M. ; Ryde, F. ; Sadrozinski, H. F W ; Sanchez, D. ; Sander, A. ; Saz Parkinson, P. M. ; Scargle, J. D. ; Schalk, T. L. ; Segal, K. N. ; Sgrò, C. ; Shimokawabe, T. ; Siskind, E. J. ; Smith, D. A. ; Smith, P. D. ; Spandre, G. ; Spinelli, P. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Starek, J. L. ; Stecker, F. W. ; Steinte, H. ; Stephens, T. E. ; Strickman, M. S. ; Suson, D. J. ; Tagliaferri, G. ; Tajima, H. ; Takahashi, H. ; Takahashi, T. ; Tanaka, T. ; Tenze, A. ; Thayer, J. B. ; Thayer, J. G. ; Thompson, D. J. ; Tibaldo, L. ; Torres, D. F. ; Tosti, G. ; Tramacere, A. ; Turri, M. ; Tuvi, S. ; Usher, T. L. ; Van Der Horst, A. J. ; Vigiani, L. ; Vilchez, N. ; Vitale, V. ; Von Kienlin, A. ; Waite, A. P. ; Williams, D. A. ; Wilson-Hodge, C. ; Winer, B. L. ; Wood, K. S. ; Wu, X. F. ; Yamazaki, R. ; Ylinen, T. ; Ziegler, M. / Fermi observations of high-energy gamma-ray emission from GRB 080916C. In: Science. 2009 ; Vol. 323, No. 5922. pp. 1688-1693.
@article{e42e3ed124e9434aa43920c55e371cc4,
title = "Fermi observations of high-energy gamma-ray emission from GRB 080916C",
abstract = "Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are highly energetic explosions signaling the death of massive stars in distant galaxies. The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Observatory together record GRBs over a broad energy range spanning about 7 decades of gamma-ray energy. In September 2008, Fermi observed the exceptionally luminous GRB 080916C, with the largest apparent energy release yet measured. The high-energy gamma rays are observed to start later and persist longer than the lower energy photons. A simple spectral form fits the entire GRB spectrum, providing strong constraints on emission models. The known distance of the burst enables placing lower limits on the bulk Lorentz factor of the outflow and on the quantum gravity mass.",
author = "Abdo, {A. A.} and M. Ackermann and M. Arimoto and K. Asano and Atwood, {W. B.} and M. Axelsson and L. Baldini and J. Ballet and Band, {D. L.} and G. Barbiellini and Baring, {M. G.} and D. Bastieri and M. Battelino and Baughman, {B. M.} and K. Bechtol and F. Bellardi and R. Bellazzini and B. Berenji and Bhat, {P. N.} and E. Bissaldi and Btandford, {R. D.} and Bloom, {E. D.} and G. Bogaert and Bogart, {J. R.} and E. Bonamente and J. Bonnell and Borgland, {A. W.} and A. Bouvier and J. Bregeon and A. Brez and Briggs, {M. S.} and M. Brigida and P. Bruel and Burnett, {T. H.} and D. Burrows and G. Busetto and Caliandro, {G. A.} and Cameron, {R. A.} and Caraveo, {P. A.} and Casandjian, {J. M.} and M. Ceccanti and C. Cecchi and A. Celotti and E. Charles and A. Chekhtman and Cheung, {C. C.} and J. Chiang and S. Ciprini and R. Claus and J. Cohen-Tanugi and Cominsky, {L. R.} and V. Connaughton and J. Conrad and L. Costamante and S. Cutini and M. DeKlotz and Dermer, {C. D.} and {De Angelis}, A. and {De Palma}, F. and Digel, {S. W.} and Dingus, {B. L.} and {Do Couto E Silva}, E. and Drell, {P. S.} and R. Dubois and D. Dumora and Y. Edmonds and Evans, {P. A.} and D. Fabiani and C. Farnier and C. Favuzzi and J. Finke and G. Fishman and Focke, {W. B.} and M. Frailis and Y. Fukazawa and S. Funk and P. Fusco and F. Gargano and D. Gasparrini and N. Gehreis and S. Germani and B. Giebels and N. Giglietto and P. Giommi and F. Giordano and T. Glanzman and G. Godfrey and A. Goldstein and J. Granot and J. Greiner and Grenier, {I. A.} and Grondin, {M. H.} and Grove, {J. E.} and L. Guillemot and S. Guiriec and G. Haller and Y. Hanabata and Harding, {A. K.} and M. Hayashida and E. Hays and {Hernando Morata}, {J. A.} and A. Hoover and Hughes, {R. E.} and G. J{\'o}hannesson and Johnson, {A. S.} and Johnson, {R. P.} and Johnson, {T. J.} and Johnson, {W. N.} and T. Kamae and H. Katagiri and Jun Kataoka and A. Kavelaars and N. Kawai and H. Kelly and J. Kennea and M. Kerr and Kippen, {R. M.} and J. Kn{\"o}dlseder and D. Kocevski and Kocian, {M. L.} and N. Komin and C. Kouveliotou and F. Kuehn and M. Kuss and J. Lande and D. Landriu and S. Larsson and L. Latronico and C. Lavalley and B. Lee and Lee, {S. H.} and M. Lemoine-Goumard and Lichti, {G. G.} and F. Longo and F. Loparco and B. Lott and Lovellette, {M. N.} and P. Lubrano and Madejski, {G. M.} and A. Makeev and B. Marangelli and Mazziotta, {M. N.} and S. McBreen and McEnery, {J. E.} and S. McGlynn and C. Meegan and P. M{\'e}szaros and C. Meurer and Michelson, {P. F.} and M. Minuti and N. Mirizzi and W. Mitthumsiri and T. Mizuno and Moiseev, {A. A.} and C. Monte and Monzani, {M. E.} and E. Moretti and A. Morselli and V. Moskalenko and S. Murgia and T. Nakamori and D. Nelson and Nolan, {P. L.} and Norris, {J. P.} and E. Nuss and M. Ohno and T. Ohsugi and A. Okumura and N. Omodei and E. Orlando and Ormes, {J. F.} and M. Ozaki and Paciesas, {W. S.} and D. Paneque and Panetta, {J. H.} and D. Parent and V. Pelassa and M. Pepe and M. Perri and M. Pesce-Rollins and V. Petrosian and M. Pinchera and F. Piron and Porter, {T. A.} and R. Preece and S. Rain{\`o} and E. Ramirez-Ruiz and R. Rando and E. Rapposelli and M. Razzano and S. Razzaque and N. Rea and A. Reimer and O. Reimer and T. Reposeur and Reyes, {L. C.} and S. Ritz and Rochester, {L. S.} and Rodriguez, {A. Y.} and M. Roth and F. Ryde and Sadrozinski, {H. F W} and D. Sanchez and A. Sander and {Saz Parkinson}, {P. M.} and Scargle, {J. D.} and Schalk, {T. L.} and Segal, {K. N.} and C. Sgr{\`o} and T. Shimokawabe and Siskind, {E. J.} and Smith, {D. A.} and Smith, {P. D.} and G. Spandre and P. Spinelli and M. Stamatikos and Starek, {J. L.} and Stecker, {F. W.} and H. Steinte and Stephens, {T. E.} and Strickman, {M. S.} and Suson, {D. J.} and G. Tagliaferri and H. Tajima and H. Takahashi and T. Takahashi and T. Tanaka and A. Tenze and Thayer, {J. B.} and Thayer, {J. G.} and Thompson, {D. J.} and L. Tibaldo and Torres, {D. F.} and G. Tosti and A. Tramacere and M. Turri and S. Tuvi and Usher, {T. L.} and {Van Der Horst}, {A. J.} and L. Vigiani and N. Vilchez and V. Vitale and {Von Kienlin}, A. and Waite, {A. P.} and Williams, {D. A.} and C. Wilson-Hodge and Winer, {B. L.} and Wood, {K. S.} and Wu, {X. F.} and R. Yamazaki and T. Ylinen and M. Ziegler",
year = "2009",
month = "3",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1126/science.1169101",
language = "English",
volume = "323",
pages = "1688--1693",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "5922",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fermi observations of high-energy gamma-ray emission from GRB 080916C

AU - Abdo, A. A.

AU - Ackermann, M.

AU - Arimoto, M.

AU - Asano, K.

AU - Atwood, W. B.

AU - Axelsson, M.

AU - Baldini, L.

AU - Ballet, J.

AU - Band, D. L.

AU - Barbiellini, G.

AU - Baring, M. G.

AU - Bastieri, D.

AU - Battelino, M.

AU - Baughman, B. M.

AU - Bechtol, K.

AU - Bellardi, F.

AU - Bellazzini, R.

AU - Berenji, B.

AU - Bhat, P. N.

AU - Bissaldi, E.

AU - Btandford, R. D.

AU - Bloom, E. D.

AU - Bogaert, G.

AU - Bogart, J. R.

AU - Bonamente, E.

AU - Bonnell, J.

AU - Borgland, A. W.

AU - Bouvier, A.

AU - Bregeon, J.

AU - Brez, A.

AU - Briggs, M. S.

AU - Brigida, M.

AU - Bruel, P.

AU - Burnett, T. H.

AU - Burrows, D.

AU - Busetto, G.

AU - Caliandro, G. A.

AU - Cameron, R. A.

AU - Caraveo, P. A.

AU - Casandjian, J. M.

AU - Ceccanti, M.

AU - Cecchi, C.

AU - Celotti, A.

AU - Charles, E.

AU - Chekhtman, A.

AU - Cheung, C. C.

AU - Chiang, J.

AU - Ciprini, S.

AU - Claus, R.

AU - Cohen-Tanugi, J.

AU - Cominsky, L. R.

AU - Connaughton, V.

AU - Conrad, J.

AU - Costamante, L.

AU - Cutini, S.

AU - DeKlotz, M.

AU - Dermer, C. D.

AU - De Angelis, A.

AU - De Palma, F.

AU - Digel, S. W.

AU - Dingus, B. L.

AU - Do Couto E Silva, E.

AU - Drell, P. S.

AU - Dubois, R.

AU - Dumora, D.

AU - Edmonds, Y.

AU - Evans, P. A.

AU - Fabiani, D.

AU - Farnier, C.

AU - Favuzzi, C.

AU - Finke, J.

AU - Fishman, G.

AU - Focke, W. B.

AU - Frailis, M.

AU - Fukazawa, Y.

AU - Funk, S.

AU - Fusco, P.

AU - Gargano, F.

AU - Gasparrini, D.

AU - Gehreis, N.

AU - Germani, S.

AU - Giebels, B.

AU - Giglietto, N.

AU - Giommi, P.

AU - Giordano, F.

AU - Glanzman, T.

AU - Godfrey, G.

AU - Goldstein, A.

AU - Granot, J.

AU - Greiner, J.

AU - Grenier, I. A.

AU - Grondin, M. H.

AU - Grove, J. E.

AU - Guillemot, L.

AU - Guiriec, S.

AU - Haller, G.

AU - Hanabata, Y.

AU - Harding, A. K.

AU - Hayashida, M.

AU - Hays, E.

AU - Hernando Morata, J. A.

AU - Hoover, A.

AU - Hughes, R. E.

AU - Jóhannesson, G.

AU - Johnson, A. S.

AU - Johnson, R. P.

AU - Johnson, T. J.

AU - Johnson, W. N.

AU - Kamae, T.

AU - Katagiri, H.

AU - Kataoka, Jun

AU - Kavelaars, A.

AU - Kawai, N.

AU - Kelly, H.

AU - Kennea, J.

AU - Kerr, M.

AU - Kippen, R. M.

AU - Knödlseder, J.

AU - Kocevski, D.

AU - Kocian, M. L.

AU - Komin, N.

AU - Kouveliotou, C.

AU - Kuehn, F.

AU - Kuss, M.

AU - Lande, J.

AU - Landriu, D.

AU - Larsson, S.

AU - Latronico, L.

AU - Lavalley, C.

AU - Lee, B.

AU - Lee, S. H.

AU - Lemoine-Goumard, M.

AU - Lichti, G. G.

AU - Longo, F.

AU - Loparco, F.

AU - Lott, B.

AU - Lovellette, M. N.

AU - Lubrano, P.

AU - Madejski, G. M.

AU - Makeev, A.

AU - Marangelli, B.

AU - Mazziotta, M. N.

AU - McBreen, S.

AU - McEnery, J. E.

AU - McGlynn, S.

AU - Meegan, C.

AU - Mészaros, P.

AU - Meurer, C.

AU - Michelson, P. F.

AU - Minuti, M.

AU - Mirizzi, N.

AU - Mitthumsiri, W.

AU - Mizuno, T.

AU - Moiseev, A. A.

AU - Monte, C.

AU - Monzani, M. E.

AU - Moretti, E.

AU - Morselli, A.

AU - Moskalenko, V.

AU - Murgia, S.

AU - Nakamori, T.

AU - Nelson, D.

AU - Nolan, P. L.

AU - Norris, J. P.

AU - Nuss, E.

AU - Ohno, M.

AU - Ohsugi, T.

AU - Okumura, A.

AU - Omodei, N.

AU - Orlando, E.

AU - Ormes, J. F.

AU - Ozaki, M.

AU - Paciesas, W. S.

AU - Paneque, D.

AU - Panetta, J. H.

AU - Parent, D.

AU - Pelassa, V.

AU - Pepe, M.

AU - Perri, M.

AU - Pesce-Rollins, M.

AU - Petrosian, V.

AU - Pinchera, M.

AU - Piron, F.

AU - Porter, T. A.

AU - Preece, R.

AU - Rainò, S.

AU - Ramirez-Ruiz, E.

AU - Rando, R.

AU - Rapposelli, E.

AU - Razzano, M.

AU - Razzaque, S.

AU - Rea, N.

AU - Reimer, A.

AU - Reimer, O.

AU - Reposeur, T.

AU - Reyes, L. C.

AU - Ritz, S.

AU - Rochester, L. S.

AU - Rodriguez, A. Y.

AU - Roth, M.

AU - Ryde, F.

AU - Sadrozinski, H. F W

AU - Sanchez, D.

AU - Sander, A.

AU - Saz Parkinson, P. M.

AU - Scargle, J. D.

AU - Schalk, T. L.

AU - Segal, K. N.

AU - Sgrò, C.

AU - Shimokawabe, T.

AU - Siskind, E. J.

AU - Smith, D. A.

AU - Smith, P. D.

AU - Spandre, G.

AU - Spinelli, P.

AU - Stamatikos, M.

AU - Starek, J. L.

AU - Stecker, F. W.

AU - Steinte, H.

AU - Stephens, T. E.

AU - Strickman, M. S.

AU - Suson, D. J.

AU - Tagliaferri, G.

AU - Tajima, H.

AU - Takahashi, H.

AU - Takahashi, T.

AU - Tanaka, T.

AU - Tenze, A.

AU - Thayer, J. B.

AU - Thayer, J. G.

AU - Thompson, D. J.

AU - Tibaldo, L.

AU - Torres, D. F.

AU - Tosti, G.

AU - Tramacere, A.

AU - Turri, M.

AU - Tuvi, S.

AU - Usher, T. L.

AU - Van Der Horst, A. J.

AU - Vigiani, L.

AU - Vilchez, N.

AU - Vitale, V.

AU - Von Kienlin, A.

AU - Waite, A. P.

AU - Williams, D. A.

AU - Wilson-Hodge, C.

AU - Winer, B. L.

AU - Wood, K. S.

AU - Wu, X. F.

AU - Yamazaki, R.

AU - Ylinen, T.

AU - Ziegler, M.

PY - 2009/3/27

Y1 - 2009/3/27

N2 - Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are highly energetic explosions signaling the death of massive stars in distant galaxies. The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Observatory together record GRBs over a broad energy range spanning about 7 decades of gamma-ray energy. In September 2008, Fermi observed the exceptionally luminous GRB 080916C, with the largest apparent energy release yet measured. The high-energy gamma rays are observed to start later and persist longer than the lower energy photons. A simple spectral form fits the entire GRB spectrum, providing strong constraints on emission models. The known distance of the burst enables placing lower limits on the bulk Lorentz factor of the outflow and on the quantum gravity mass.

AB - Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are highly energetic explosions signaling the death of massive stars in distant galaxies. The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Observatory together record GRBs over a broad energy range spanning about 7 decades of gamma-ray energy. In September 2008, Fermi observed the exceptionally luminous GRB 080916C, with the largest apparent energy release yet measured. The high-energy gamma rays are observed to start later and persist longer than the lower energy photons. A simple spectral form fits the entire GRB spectrum, providing strong constraints on emission models. The known distance of the burst enables placing lower limits on the bulk Lorentz factor of the outflow and on the quantum gravity mass.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=63449120171&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=63449120171&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/science.1169101

DO - 10.1126/science.1169101

M3 - Article

VL - 323

SP - 1688

EP - 1693

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 5922

ER -