Finite elements in fluids: Stabilized formulations and moving boundaries and interfaces

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We provide an overview of the finite element methods we developed for fluid dynamics problems. We focus on stabilized formulations and moving boundaries and interfaces. The stabilized formulations are the streamline-upwind/Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) formulations for compressible and incompressible flows and the pressure-stabilizing/Petrov-Galerkin (PSPG) formulation for incompressible flows. These are supplemented with the discontinuity-capturing directional dissipation (DCDD) for incompressible flows and the shock-capturing terms for compressible flows. Determination of the stabilization and shock-capturing parameters used in these formulations is highlighted. Moving boundaries and interfaces include free surfaces, two-fluid interfaces, fluid-object and fluid-structure interactions, and moving mechanical components. The methods developed for this class of problems can be classified into two main categories: interface-tracking and interface-capturing techniques. The interface-tracking techniques are based on the deforming-spatial-domain/stabilized space-time (DSD/SST) formulation, where the mesh moves to track the interface. The interface-capturing techniques were developed for two-fluid flows. They are based on the stabilized formulation, over typically non-moving meshes, of both the flow equations and an advection equation. The advection equation governs the time-evolution of an interface function marking the interface location. We also describe some of the additional methods and ideas we introduced to increase the scope and accuracy of these two classes of techniques. Among them is the enhanced-discretization interface-capturing technique (EDICT), which was developed to increase the accuracy in capturing the interface. Also among them is the mixed interface-tracking/interface-capturing technique (MITICT), which was introduced for problems that involve both interfaces that can be accurately tracked with a moving-mesh method and interfaces that call for an interface-capturing technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-206
Number of pages16
JournalComputers and Fluids
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Feb 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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