Flame structure of an axisymmetric hydrogen-air diffusion flame

Seishiro Fukutani*, Nílson Kunioshi, Hiroshi Jinno

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A detailed model including a full scheme of combustion reactions and the governing equations of fluid mechanics was designed for two-dimensional hydrogen burning systems, and applied to a Burke-Schumann type hydrogen-air diffusion flame to elucidate its flame structure and combustion reaction mechanism. The same flame was also experimentally investigated and radial profiles of OH radical concentration and rotational temperature through the flame were determined by a conveniently improved line-of-sight absorption method. Simulation suggested that a well-developed diffusion flame occurs from heights about 5 mm from the burner mouth, in very good agreement with the experimental results. At each horizontal section of the well-developed diffusion region, the calculated rates of the chemical reactions showed considerable values within an annular zone about 5 mm thick, in which there is a point where H2 and O2 are simultaneously exhausted, and in whose vicinity the temperature becomes maximum. This result confirmed one of the Burke-Schumann's predictions, but radial displacements of about 1 mm between the peeks of the rates of different reactions and also between the maximum OH radical concentration and the maximum temperature were found in both experiments and calculation, showing that the reactions do not occur in an infinitely thin region, contradicting one of the Burke-Schumann's assumptions. At the lowest part of the flame, below the burner tip, the issuing air and the H2 diffusing downward meet and react like premixed gas mixtures; the whole flame was found to be held at the burner rim by large heat release rates at that region. The experimental results, in very good agreement with the simulation, showed that the maximum OH concentration through the flame occurs at a height around 2 mm, confirming the premixed-like intense combustion reactions taking place at the lower part of the flame.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-573
Number of pages7
JournalSymposium (International) on Combustion
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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