Flow Compensation for Hydraulic Direct-Drive System with a Single-rod Cylinder Applied to Biped Humanoid Robot

J. Shimizu, T. Otani, H. Mizukami, K. Hashimoto, A. Takanishi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Biped robots require massive power on each leg while walking, hopping, and running. We have developed a flow-based control system - called hydraulic direct drive system - that can achieve high output while avoiding spatial limitations. To implement the proposed system with simple equipment configuration, a pump and single-rod cylinder are connected in a closed loop. However, because compensation for flow rate is impossible in a completely closed loop, owing to the difference in the pressure receiving area caused by the rod, a passive flow compensation valve is employed. This valve has a simple structure and is easy to implement. Further, an additional sensor is required to detect the open/close state because the valve state will cause an error in flow control. Therefore, we implemented a model in the controller to predict the state of the flow compensation valve and formulated a method of switching from flow control to pressure control according to the predicted state. Experimental results indicate that the error of the joint angle is reduced to less than 1.6 degrees for walking patterns, and stable walking is realized when the system is installed in biped humanoid robots.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2857-2863
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781728173955
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May
Event2020 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2020 - Paris, France
Duration: 2020 May 312020 Aug 31

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
ISSN (Print)1050-4729

Conference

Conference2020 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2020
CountryFrance
CityParis
Period20/5/3120/8/31

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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