Formation of association structures based on reciprocity and their performance in allocation problems

Yuki Miyashita, Masashi Hayano, Toshiharu Sugawara

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We describe the reciprocal agents that build virtual associations in accordance with past cooperative work in a bottom-up manner and that allocate tasks or resources preferentially to agents in the same associations in busy large-scale distributed environments. Models of multi-agent systems (MAS) are often used to express tasks that are done by teams of cooperative agents, so how each subtask is allocated to appropriate agents is a central issue. Particularly in busy environments where multiple tasks are requested simultaneously and continuously, simple allocation methods in self-interested agents result in conflicts, meaning that these methods attempt to allocate multiple tasks to one or a few capable agents. Thus, the system’s performance degrades. To avoid such conflicts, we introduce reciprocal agents that cooperate with specific agents that have excellent mutual experience of cooperation. They then autonomously build associations in which they try to form teams for new incoming tasks. We introduce the N-agent team formation (TF) game, an abstract expression of allocating problems in MAS by eliminating unnecessary and complicated task and agent specifications, thereby identifying the fundamental mechanism to facilitate and maintain associations. We experimentally show that reciprocal agents can considerably improve performance by reducing the number of conflicts in N-agent TF games with different N values by establishing association structures. We also investigate how learning parameters to decide reciprocity affect association structures and which structure can achieve efficient allocations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCoordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Normes in Agent Systems XI - COIN 2015 International Workshops COIN@AAMAS, Revised Selected Papers
    PublisherSpringer Verlag
    Pages262-281
    Number of pages20
    Volume9628
    ISBN (Print)9783319426907
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    EventInternational Conference on Coordination, Organisations, Institutions and Norms in Agent Systems, 2015 - Istanbul, Turkey
    Duration: 2015 May 42015 May 4

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
    Volume9628
    ISSN (Print)03029743
    ISSN (Electronic)16113349

    Other

    OtherInternational Conference on Coordination, Organisations, Institutions and Norms in Agent Systems, 2015
    CountryTurkey
    CityIstanbul
    Period15/5/415/5/4

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Computer Science(all)
    • Theoretical Computer Science

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  • Cite this

    Miyashita, Y., Hayano, M., & Sugawara, T. (2016). Formation of association structures based on reciprocity and their performance in allocation problems. In Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Normes in Agent Systems XI - COIN 2015 International Workshops COIN@AAMAS, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 9628, pp. 262-281). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 9628). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-42691-4_15