Formation of one-dimensional helical columns and excimerlike excited states by racemic quinoxaline-fused [7]carbohelicenes in the crystal

Hayato Sakai, Sho Shinto, Yasuyuki Araki, Takehiko Wada, Tomo Sakanoue, Taishi Takenobu, Taku Hasobe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of quinoxaline-fused [7]carbohelicenes (HeQu derivatives) was designed and synthesized to evaluate their structural and photophysical properties in the crystal state. The quinoxaline units were expected to enhance the light-emitting properties and to control the packing structures in the crystal. The electrochemical and spectroscopic properties and excited-state dynamics of these compounds were investigated in detail. The first oxidation potentials of HeQu derivatives are approximately the same as that of unsubstituted reference [7]carbohelicene (Heli), whereas their first reduction potentials are shifted to the positive by about 0.7 V. The steady-state absorption, fluorescence, and circular dichroism spectra also became redshifted compared to those of Heli. The molecular orbitals and energy levels of the HOMO and LUMO states, calculated by DFT methods, support these trends. Moreover, the absolute fluorescence quantum yields of HeQu derivatives are about four times larger than that of Heli. The structural properties of the aggregated states were analyzed by single-crystal analysis. Introduction of appropriate substituents (i.e., 4-methoxyphenyl) in the HeQu unit enabled the construction of one-dimensional helical columns of racemic HeQu derivatives in the crystal state. Helix formation is based on intracolumn π-stacking between two neighboring [7]carbohelicenes and intercolumn CH⋅⋅⋅N interaction between a nitrogen atom of a quinoxaline unit and a hydrogen atom of a helicene unit. The time-resolved fluorescence spectra of single crystals clearly showed an excimerlike delocalized excited state owing to the short distance between neighboring [7]carbohelicene units.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10099-10109
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
Volume20
Issue number32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 4
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Quinoxalines
Excited states
Fluorescence
Derivatives
Crystals
Single crystals
Circular Dichroism
Atoms
Hydrogen
Dichroism
Quantum yield
Molecular orbitals
Nitrogen
Discrete Fourier transforms
Electron energy levels
Light
Structural properties
Oxidation

Keywords

  • electrochemistry
  • fluorescence
  • helical structures
  • stacking interactions
  • supramolecular chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Formation of one-dimensional helical columns and excimerlike excited states by racemic quinoxaline-fused [7]carbohelicenes in the crystal. / Sakai, Hayato; Shinto, Sho; Araki, Yasuyuki; Wada, Takehiko; Sakanoue, Tomo; Takenobu, Taishi; Hasobe, Taku.

In: Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), Vol. 20, No. 32, 04.08.2014, p. 10099-10109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sakai, Hayato ; Shinto, Sho ; Araki, Yasuyuki ; Wada, Takehiko ; Sakanoue, Tomo ; Takenobu, Taishi ; Hasobe, Taku. / Formation of one-dimensional helical columns and excimerlike excited states by racemic quinoxaline-fused [7]carbohelicenes in the crystal. In: Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany). 2014 ; Vol. 20, No. 32. pp. 10099-10109.
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