We present the first characterization of the spectral properties of superradiant light emitted from the ultranarrow, 1-mHz-linewidth optical clock transition in an ensemble of cold Sr87 atoms. Such a light source has been proposed as a next-generation active atomic frequency reference, with the potential to enable high-precision optical frequency references to be used outside laboratory environments. By comparing the frequency of our superradiant source to that of a state-of-the-art cavity-stabilized laser and optical lattice clock, we observe a fractional Allan deviation of 6.7(1)×10-16 at 1 s of averaging, establish absolute accuracy at the 2-Hz (4×10-15 fractional frequency) level, and demonstrate insensitivity to key environmental perturbations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)