From Lagrangian mechanics to nonequilibrium thermodynamics: A variational perspective

François Gay-Balmaz, Hiroaki Yoshimura

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we survey our recent results on the variational formulation of nonequilibrium thermodynamics for the finite-dimensional case of discrete systems, as well as for the infinite-dimensional case of continuum systems. Starting with the fundamental variational principle of classical mechanics, namely, Hamilton's principle, we show, with the help of thermodynamic systems with gradually increasing complexity, how to systematically extend it to include irreversible processes. In the finite dimensional cases, we treat systems experiencing the irreversible processes of mechanical friction, heat, and mass transfer in both the adiabatically closed cases and open cases. On the continuum side, we illustrate our theory using the example of multicomponent Navier-Stokes-Fourier systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8
JournalEntropy
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Continuum thermodynamic systems
  • Discrete thermodynamic systems
  • Irreversible processes
  • Nonequilibrium thermodynamics
  • Nonholonomic constraints
  • Variational formulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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