Functional fitness and related factors in community-dwelling elderly

T. Arao, Y. Oida, T. Nagamatsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To examine the association of level of functional fitness to demographic, health, and life behavioral or social factors, cross sectional data were obtained for 737 persons aged 60 years or older, and who were independently living in the community. Functional fitness was measured with a functional fitness test containing 4 task items: standing, walking, hand performance, and self-care performance. Among the demographic factors, statistically significant associations with functional fitness were found for age in both male and female and for the presence of spouse in male. Health status, previous or present history of circulatory diseases and musculo-skeletal diseases were significantly associated with lower levels of functional fitness in male, and previous or present history of musculo-skeletal diseases and presence of higher obesity associated with lower fitness level in female. With life behaviors, men who had habitual exercise activities and women who had no habitual nap but habitual exercise activities and frequent out-of-home activities showed significantly higher fitness level than their counterparts. These results suggest that level of functional fitness in independently living aged people in the community was significantly associated with the presence of spouse, history of circulatory and musculo-skeletal diseases, and habitual exercise activities in males; and with the history of musculo-skeletal diseases, obesity, and habitual exercise activities, napping, and frequent out-of-home activities in females.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-406
Number of pages11
Journal[Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health
Volume45
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Independent Living
Exercise
Spouses
Obesity
Demography
Self Care
Health Status
Walking
Hand
History
Health

Cite this

Functional fitness and related factors in community-dwelling elderly. / Arao, T.; Oida, Y.; Nagamatsu, T.

In: [Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health, Vol. 45, No. 5, 1998, p. 396-406.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{6c538539ee394782b7cad2f54bd2eaf3,
title = "Functional fitness and related factors in community-dwelling elderly",
abstract = "To examine the association of level of functional fitness to demographic, health, and life behavioral or social factors, cross sectional data were obtained for 737 persons aged 60 years or older, and who were independently living in the community. Functional fitness was measured with a functional fitness test containing 4 task items: standing, walking, hand performance, and self-care performance. Among the demographic factors, statistically significant associations with functional fitness were found for age in both male and female and for the presence of spouse in male. Health status, previous or present history of circulatory diseases and musculo-skeletal diseases were significantly associated with lower levels of functional fitness in male, and previous or present history of musculo-skeletal diseases and presence of higher obesity associated with lower fitness level in female. With life behaviors, men who had habitual exercise activities and women who had no habitual nap but habitual exercise activities and frequent out-of-home activities showed significantly higher fitness level than their counterparts. These results suggest that level of functional fitness in independently living aged people in the community was significantly associated with the presence of spouse, history of circulatory and musculo-skeletal diseases, and habitual exercise activities in males; and with the history of musculo-skeletal diseases, obesity, and habitual exercise activities, napping, and frequent out-of-home activities in females.",
author = "T. Arao and Y. Oida and T. Nagamatsu",
year = "1998",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "396--406",
journal = "[Nippon koshu eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health",
issn = "0546-1766",
publisher = "Nihon Eisei Gammai/Japanese Society of Public Health",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Functional fitness and related factors in community-dwelling elderly

AU - Arao, T.

AU - Oida, Y.

AU - Nagamatsu, T.

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - To examine the association of level of functional fitness to demographic, health, and life behavioral or social factors, cross sectional data were obtained for 737 persons aged 60 years or older, and who were independently living in the community. Functional fitness was measured with a functional fitness test containing 4 task items: standing, walking, hand performance, and self-care performance. Among the demographic factors, statistically significant associations with functional fitness were found for age in both male and female and for the presence of spouse in male. Health status, previous or present history of circulatory diseases and musculo-skeletal diseases were significantly associated with lower levels of functional fitness in male, and previous or present history of musculo-skeletal diseases and presence of higher obesity associated with lower fitness level in female. With life behaviors, men who had habitual exercise activities and women who had no habitual nap but habitual exercise activities and frequent out-of-home activities showed significantly higher fitness level than their counterparts. These results suggest that level of functional fitness in independently living aged people in the community was significantly associated with the presence of spouse, history of circulatory and musculo-skeletal diseases, and habitual exercise activities in males; and with the history of musculo-skeletal diseases, obesity, and habitual exercise activities, napping, and frequent out-of-home activities in females.

AB - To examine the association of level of functional fitness to demographic, health, and life behavioral or social factors, cross sectional data were obtained for 737 persons aged 60 years or older, and who were independently living in the community. Functional fitness was measured with a functional fitness test containing 4 task items: standing, walking, hand performance, and self-care performance. Among the demographic factors, statistically significant associations with functional fitness were found for age in both male and female and for the presence of spouse in male. Health status, previous or present history of circulatory diseases and musculo-skeletal diseases were significantly associated with lower levels of functional fitness in male, and previous or present history of musculo-skeletal diseases and presence of higher obesity associated with lower fitness level in female. With life behaviors, men who had habitual exercise activities and women who had no habitual nap but habitual exercise activities and frequent out-of-home activities showed significantly higher fitness level than their counterparts. These results suggest that level of functional fitness in independently living aged people in the community was significantly associated with the presence of spouse, history of circulatory and musculo-skeletal diseases, and habitual exercise activities in males; and with the history of musculo-skeletal diseases, obesity, and habitual exercise activities, napping, and frequent out-of-home activities in females.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032059050&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032059050&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9739593

AN - SCOPUS:0032059050

VL - 45

SP - 396

EP - 406

JO - [Nippon koshu eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health

JF - [Nippon koshu eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health

SN - 0546-1766

IS - 5

ER -