Fuzzy AHP approach to comparison of grant aid for ODA in Japan

Kunio Shibata, Junzo Watada, Yoshiyuki Yabuuchi

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    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Today, many companies contribute to Official Development Assistance (ODA). The details of ODA are publicised for each project, with contributions and companies listed on the company's website. The objective of this paper is to evaluate these companies in terms of the best practices that characterise ODA donations in four fields: infrastructure, medical service, education and security. Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is proposed by T. L. Saaty to evaluate uncertainty in decision problems. Using comparison matrices, the AHP can evaluate the extent of data fit to practical data. In fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (Fuzzy AHP), interval weights play a pivotal role and can be solved by linear programming. An approach to fuzzy AHPs is to estimate interval priorities on the items discussed. These interval weights are based on the concept of possibility and express the range of the possibility. The method employed by H. Tanaka is to minimise the range including the given data. The range of the possibility can be illustrated as the interval or width of calculated values. Similar to a conventional AHP model, the fuzzy AHP model has a hierarchical structure that is used to decide the priority of each alternative with the minimal evaluation width of each alternative. Saaty proposed that an AHP matrix should have a Consistency Index (C.I.) of less than 0.1, since theory suggests that CI. should be satisfied. The fuzzy AHP Model can minimise such vagueness and uncertainty in the hierarchical structure used to evaluate alternatives.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1539-1546
    Number of pages8
    JournalInternational Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control
    Volume5
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun

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    Keywords

    • AHP
    • Eigenvalue problem
    • Fuzzy
    • ODA

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Computational Theory and Mathematics
    • Information Systems
    • Software
    • Theoretical Computer Science

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