Gender-related differences in clinical characteristics and physiological and psychosocial outcomes of Japanese patients at entry into phase II cardiac rehabilitation

Kazuhiro P. Izawa, Koichiro Oka, Satoshi Watanabe, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Koji Hiraki, Yuji Morio, Yusuke Kasahara, Kazuto Omiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine gender differences in clinical characteristics and physiological and psychosocial outcomes at entry into phase II cardiac rehabilitation. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: The study comprised 442 consecutive patients with cardiac diseases assessed at entry into a phase II cardiac rehabilitation programme. Methods: Clinical characteristics of the patients, such as age, education, marital status, employment and body mass index, were obtained from hospital records. Oxygen uptake, handgrip and knee extensor muscle strength were measured to assess physiological outcomes. Self-efficacy for physical activity, hospital anxiety depression scale and health-related quality of life assessed by Short Form-36 were evaluated to assess psychosocial outcomes. Results: The number of married women and their levels of education, employment and body mass index were significantly lower, and their ages higher, than those of the men. Measures of physiological outcome in women were significantly lower than those in men. Measures of self-efficacy for physical activity and Short Form-36 physical and emotional subscale scores were lower and anxiety levels higher in women than in men. Conclusion: Cardiac rehabilitation programmes exclusively for women focusing on physiological outcomes, group counselling, and training to enhance physical and emotional domains may encourage increased participation by women in cardiac rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-230
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar

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Self Efficacy
Body Mass Index
Anxiety
Exercise
Education
Hospital Records
Marital Status
Muscle Strength
Counseling
Heart Diseases
Knee
Cross-Sectional Studies
Quality of Life
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Cardiac Rehabilitation
Depression
Oxygen

Keywords

  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Clinical characteristics
  • Gender difference
  • Physiological outcomes
  • Psychosocial outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Gender-related differences in clinical characteristics and physiological and psychosocial outcomes of Japanese patients at entry into phase II cardiac rehabilitation. / Izawa, Kazuhiro P.; Oka, Koichiro; Watanabe, Satoshi; Yokoyama, Hitoshi; Hiraki, Koji; Morio, Yuji; Kasahara, Yusuke; Omiya, Kazuto.

In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol. 40, No. 3, 03.2008, p. 225-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Izawa, Kazuhiro P. ; Oka, Koichiro ; Watanabe, Satoshi ; Yokoyama, Hitoshi ; Hiraki, Koji ; Morio, Yuji ; Kasahara, Yusuke ; Omiya, Kazuto. / Gender-related differences in clinical characteristics and physiological and psychosocial outcomes of Japanese patients at entry into phase II cardiac rehabilitation. In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2008 ; Vol. 40, No. 3. pp. 225-230.
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