Gene conversion and differential regulation in the rat P-450 IIA gene subfamily. Purification, catalytic activity, cDNA and deduced amino acid sequence, and regulation of an adult male-specific hepatic testosterone 15α-hydroxylase

Tadashi Matsunaga, K. Nagata, E. J. Holsztynska, D. P. Lapenson, A. Smith, R. Kato, H. V. Gelboin, D. J. Waxman, F. J. Gonzalez

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Previous studies on regulation of the rat hepatic P-450 IIA1 cDNA have provided evidence for a second gene closely related to but regulated in a manner quite distinct from P-450 IIA1. Experiments were carried out to isolate the cDNA for this second P-450 gene, designated IIA2, in order to study more directly its regulation and relationship to IIA1. A full length cDNA to IIA2 was isolated from an adult male rat liver λgt11 library and sequenced completely. The IIA2 cDNA shared 93% nucleotide and 88% deduced amino acid similarities with the previously characterized IIA1 cDNA (Nagata, K., Matsunaga, T., Gillette, J., Gelboin, H.V., and Gonzalez, F.J. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 2787-2793). The protein, deduced from the cDNA, contained 492 amino acids and a calculated M(r) of 56,352. Comparison of the IIA1 and IIA2 cDNAs revealed areas of low nucleotide similarity interspersed with areas of absolute identity, suggesting that gene conversions have played a role in the evolution of the IIA subfamily. Expression of IIA1 and IIA2 mRNAs in rat liver during development was studied with use of specific oligonucleotide probes. IIA1 mRNA was increased within 1 week after birth in both male and female rats; however, its postpubertal expression was decreased in males yet remained elevated in females. In contrast, IIA2 mRNA was markedly induced in male rat liver at puberty but was not detectable in females at any age examined. Furthermore, only IIA1 mRNA was induced by treatment of rats with 3-methylcholanthrene. Although IIA1 and IIA2 mRNAs were actively expressed in hepatic tissue, no evidence for their expression was found in lung, kidney, or intestine, suggesting that the IIA genes have tissue-specific promoters. Reconstituted enzyme assays on the purified protein products P-450 IIA1 and P-450 IIA2 showed that, although both enzymes share considerable sequence similarity, their positional specificities toward the prototype substrate testosterone are strikingly different.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17995-18002
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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