TY - JOUR

T1 - General analytic formulas for attractor solutions of scalar-field dark energy models and their multifield generalizations

AU - Tsujikawa, Shinji

N1 - Copyright:
Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - We study general properties of attractors for scalar-field dark energy scenarios which possess cosmological scaling solutions. In all such models there exists a scalar-field dominant solution with an energy fraction Ω =1 together with a scaling solution. A general analytic formula is given to derive fixed points relevant to dark energy coupled to dark matter. We investigate the stability of fixed points without specifying the models of dark energy in the presence of nonrelativistic dark matter and provide a general proof that a nonphantom scalar-field dominant solution is unstable when a stable scaling solution exists in the region Ω <1. A phantom scalar-field dominant fixed point is found to be classically stable. We also generalize the analysis to the case of multiple scalar fields and show that for a nonphantom scalar-field assisted acceleration always occurs for all scalar-field models which have scaling solutions. For a phantom field the equation of state approaches that of cosmological constant as we add more scalar fields.

AB - We study general properties of attractors for scalar-field dark energy scenarios which possess cosmological scaling solutions. In all such models there exists a scalar-field dominant solution with an energy fraction Ω =1 together with a scaling solution. A general analytic formula is given to derive fixed points relevant to dark energy coupled to dark matter. We investigate the stability of fixed points without specifying the models of dark energy in the presence of nonrelativistic dark matter and provide a general proof that a nonphantom scalar-field dominant solution is unstable when a stable scaling solution exists in the region Ω <1. A phantom scalar-field dominant fixed point is found to be classically stable. We also generalize the analysis to the case of multiple scalar fields and show that for a nonphantom scalar-field assisted acceleration always occurs for all scalar-field models which have scaling solutions. For a phantom field the equation of state approaches that of cosmological constant as we add more scalar fields.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.73.103504

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.73.103504

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33646492155

VL - 73

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

SN - 1550-7998

IS - 10

M1 - 103504

ER -