It is well known that helical magnetic fields undergo a so-called inverse cascade by which their correlation length grows due to the conservation of magnetic helicity in classical ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). At high energies above approximately 10 MeV, however, classical MHD is necessarily extended to chiral MHD and then the conserved quantity is H+2μ5/λ with H being the mean magnetic helicity and μ5 being the mean chiral chemical potential of charged fermions. Here, λ is a (phenomenological) chiral feedback parameter. In this paper, we study the evolution of the chiral MHD system with the initial condition of nonzero H and vanishing μ5. We present analytic derivations for the time evolution of H and μ5 that we compare to a series of laminar and turbulent three-dimensional direct numerical simulations. We find that the late-time evolution of H depends on the magnetic and kinetic Reynolds numbers ReM and ReK. For a high ReM and ReK where turbulence occurs, H eventually evolves in the same way as in classical ideal MHD where the inverse correlation length of the helical magnetic field scales with time t as kp t-2/3. For a low Reynolds numbers where the velocity field is negligible, the scaling is changed to kp t-1/2ln(t/tlog). After being rapidly generated, μ5 always decays together with kp, i.e., μ5≈kp, with a time evolution that depends on whether the system is in the limit of low or high Reynolds numbers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)