Germanium gamma-ray spectrometer on selene (kaguya)

Naoyuki Yamashita, Nobuyuki Hasebe, Eido Shibamura, Takashi Miyaohi, Takeshi Takashima, Masanori Kobayashi, Osamu Okudaira, Shingo Kobayashi, Makoto Hareyama, Yuzuru Karouji, Satoshi Kodaira, Kunitomo Sakurai, Kazuya Iwabuchi, Kanako Hayatsu, Shinpei Nemoto, Mitsuru Ebihara, Takeshi Hihara, Claude D'Uston, Sylvestre Maurice, Olivier Gasnault & 4 others Olivier Forni, Benedicte Diez, Robert C. Reedy, Kyeong J. Kim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Japanese lunar explorer SELENE was launched from Tanegashima Space Center on September 14, 2007. It consists of a main orbiter KAGUYA at 100 km altitude and two daughter satellites (relay satellite OKINA and VRAD satellite OUNA) with 14 scientific instruments. The high precision gamma-ray spectrometer (GRS) on KAGUYA measures 200 keV - 12 MeV gamma rays to determine the elemental composition of the lunar surface. The GRS is composed of a large Ge crystal as a main detector and massive bismuth germinate (BGO) crystals and a plastic scintillator as anticoincidence detectors. The Ge detector is cooled by a Stirling cryocooler below 90 K during the observation. After successful launch of the spacecraft and initial checkouts, the GRS started the nominal observation on December 21, 2007, and the temperatures and counting rates of the GRS were confirmed to be stable. Energy spectra of gamma rays with a good energy resolution are being obtained over the lunar surface, which will allow us to make global maps of the elemental abundances of the Moon soon.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)153-156
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
    Volume78
    Issue numberSUPPL. A
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Fingerprint

    gamma ray spectrometers
    germanium
    lunar surface
    anticoincidence detectors
    Relay satellites
    gamma rays
    detectors
    moon
    bismuth
    scintillation counters
    crystals
    counting
    spacecraft
    energy spectra
    plastics
    temperature
    energy

    Keywords

    • Abundance
    • Elemental composition
    • Gamma ray spectrometer
    • Ge
    • Germanium
    • GRS
    • KAGUYA
    • Lunar
    • Moon
    • SELENE

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

    Cite this

    Yamashita, N., Hasebe, N., Shibamura, E., Miyaohi, T., Takashima, T., Kobayashi, M., ... Kim, K. J. (2009). Germanium gamma-ray spectrometer on selene (kaguya). Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(SUPPL. A), 153-156.

    Germanium gamma-ray spectrometer on selene (kaguya). / Yamashita, Naoyuki; Hasebe, Nobuyuki; Shibamura, Eido; Miyaohi, Takashi; Takashima, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Masanori; Okudaira, Osamu; Kobayashi, Shingo; Hareyama, Makoto; Karouji, Yuzuru; Kodaira, Satoshi; Sakurai, Kunitomo; Iwabuchi, Kazuya; Hayatsu, Kanako; Nemoto, Shinpei; Ebihara, Mitsuru; Hihara, Takeshi; D'Uston, Claude; Maurice, Sylvestre; Gasnault, Olivier; Forni, Olivier; Diez, Benedicte; Reedy, Robert C.; Kim, Kyeong J.

    In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 78, No. SUPPL. A, 2009, p. 153-156.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Yamashita, N, Hasebe, N, Shibamura, E, Miyaohi, T, Takashima, T, Kobayashi, M, Okudaira, O, Kobayashi, S, Hareyama, M, Karouji, Y, Kodaira, S, Sakurai, K, Iwabuchi, K, Hayatsu, K, Nemoto, S, Ebihara, M, Hihara, T, D'Uston, C, Maurice, S, Gasnault, O, Forni, O, Diez, B, Reedy, RC & Kim, KJ 2009, 'Germanium gamma-ray spectrometer on selene (kaguya)', Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol. 78, no. SUPPL. A, pp. 153-156.
    Yamashita N, Hasebe N, Shibamura E, Miyaohi T, Takashima T, Kobayashi M et al. Germanium gamma-ray spectrometer on selene (kaguya). Journal of the Physical Society of Japan. 2009;78(SUPPL. A):153-156.
    Yamashita, Naoyuki ; Hasebe, Nobuyuki ; Shibamura, Eido ; Miyaohi, Takashi ; Takashima, Takeshi ; Kobayashi, Masanori ; Okudaira, Osamu ; Kobayashi, Shingo ; Hareyama, Makoto ; Karouji, Yuzuru ; Kodaira, Satoshi ; Sakurai, Kunitomo ; Iwabuchi, Kazuya ; Hayatsu, Kanako ; Nemoto, Shinpei ; Ebihara, Mitsuru ; Hihara, Takeshi ; D'Uston, Claude ; Maurice, Sylvestre ; Gasnault, Olivier ; Forni, Olivier ; Diez, Benedicte ; Reedy, Robert C. ; Kim, Kyeong J. / Germanium gamma-ray spectrometer on selene (kaguya). In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan. 2009 ; Vol. 78, No. SUPPL. A. pp. 153-156.
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    abstract = "The Japanese lunar explorer SELENE was launched from Tanegashima Space Center on September 14, 2007. It consists of a main orbiter KAGUYA at 100 km altitude and two daughter satellites (relay satellite OKINA and VRAD satellite OUNA) with 14 scientific instruments. The high precision gamma-ray spectrometer (GRS) on KAGUYA measures 200 keV - 12 MeV gamma rays to determine the elemental composition of the lunar surface. The GRS is composed of a large Ge crystal as a main detector and massive bismuth germinate (BGO) crystals and a plastic scintillator as anticoincidence detectors. The Ge detector is cooled by a Stirling cryocooler below 90 K during the observation. After successful launch of the spacecraft and initial checkouts, the GRS started the nominal observation on December 21, 2007, and the temperatures and counting rates of the GRS were confirmed to be stable. Energy spectra of gamma rays with a good energy resolution are being obtained over the lunar surface, which will allow us to make global maps of the elemental abundances of the Moon soon.",
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    AU - Takashima, Takeshi

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    AU - Hayatsu, Kanako

    AU - Nemoto, Shinpei

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    AU - Hihara, Takeshi

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    AU - Maurice, Sylvestre

    AU - Gasnault, Olivier

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