GeV gamma-ray flux upper limits from clusters of galaxies

M. Ackermann, M. Ajello, A. Allafort, L. Baldini, J. Ballet, G. Barbiellini, D. Bastieri, K. Bechtol, R. Bellazzini, R. D. Blandford, P. Blasi, E. D. Bloom, E. Bonamente, A. W. Borgland, A. Bouvier, T. J. Brandt, J. Bregeon, M. Brigida, P. Bruel, R. BuehlerS. Buson, G. A. Caliandro, R. A. Cameron, P. A. Caraveo, S. Carrigan, J. M. Casandjian, E. Cavazzuti, C. Cecchi, Çelik, E. Charles, A. Chekhtman, C. C. Cheung, J. Chiang, S. Ciprini, R. Claus, J. Cohen-Tanugi, S. Colafrancesco, L. R. Cominsky, J. Conrad, C. D. Dermer, F. De Palma, E. Do Couto E Silva, P. S. Drell, R. Dubois, D. Dumora, Y. Edmonds, C. Farnier, C. Favuzzi, M. Frailis, Y. Fukazawa, S. Funk, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, D. Gasparrini, N. Gehrels, S. Germani, N. Giglietto, F. Giordano, M. Giroletti, T. Glanzman, G. Godfrey, I. A. Grenier, M. H. Grondin, S. Guiriec, D. Hadasch, A. K. Harding, M. Hayashida, E. Hays, D. Horan, R. E. Hughes, T. E. Jeltema, G. Jóhannesson, A. S. Johnson, T. J. Johnson, W. N. Johnson, T. Kamae, H. Katagiri, Jun Kataoka, M. Kerr, J. Knödlseder, M. Kuss, J. Lande, L. Latronico, S. H. Lee, M. Lemoine-Goumard, F. Longo, F. Loparco, B. Lott, M. N. Lovellette, P. Lubrano, G. M. Madejski, A. Makeev, M. N. Mazziotta, P. F. Michelson, W. Mitthumsiri, T. Mizuno, A. A. Moiseev, C. Monte, M. E. Monzani, A. Morselli, I. V. Moskalenko, S. Murgia, M. Naumann-Godo, P. L. Nolan, J. P. Norris, E. Nuss, T. Ohsugi, N. Omodei, E. Orlando, J. F. Ormes, M. Ozaki, D. Paneque, J. H. Panetta, M. Pepe, M. Pesce-Rollins, V. Petrosian, C. Pfrommer, F. Piron, T. A. Porter, S. Profumo, S. Rainò, R. Rando, M. Razzano, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, T. Reposeur, J. Ripken, S. Ritz, A. Y. Rodriguez, R. W. Romani, M. Roth, H. F W Sadrozinski, A. Sander, P. M. Saz Parkinson, J. D. Scargle, C. Sgrò, E. J. Siskind, P. D. Smith, G. Spandre, P. Spinelli, J. L. Starck, Stawarz, M. S. Strickman, A. W. Strong, D. J. Suson, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, T. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, J. B. Thayer, J. G. Thayer, L. Tibaldo, O. Tibolla, D. F. Torres, G. Tosti, A. Tramacere, Y. Uchiyama, T. L. Usher, J. Vandenbroucke, V. Vasileiou, N. Vilchez, V. Vitale, A. P. Waite, P. Wang, B. L. Winer, K. S. Wood, Z. Yang, T. Ylinen, M. Ziegler

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    127 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The detection of diffuse radio emission associated with clusters of galaxies indicates populations of relativistic leptons infusing the intraclustermedium (ICM). Those electrons and positrons are either injected into and accelerated directly in the ICM, or produced as secondary pairs by cosmic-ray ions scattering on ambient protons. Radiation mechanisms involving the energetic leptons together with the decay of neutral pions produced by hadronic interactions have the potential to produce abundant GeV photons. Here, we report on the search for GeV emission from clusters of galaxies using data collected by the Large Area Telescope on the FermiGamma-ray Space Telescope from 2008 August to 2010 February. Thirty-three galaxy clusters have been selected according to their proximity and high mass, X-ray flux and temperature, and indications of non-thermal activity for this study. We report upper limits on the photon flux in the range 0.2-100GeVtoward a sample of observed clusters (typical values (1-5)×10-9 photon cm-2 s-1) considering both point-like and spatially resolved models for the high-energy emission and discuss how these results constrain the characteristics of energetic leptons and hadrons, and magnetic fields in the ICM. The volume-averaged relativistic-hadron-to-thermal energy density ratio is found to be <5%-10% in several clusters.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)L71-L78
    JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
    Volume717
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul 1

    Fingerprint

    gamma rays
    galaxies
    energetics
    leptons
    photons
    cosmic ray
    energy
    telescopes
    scattering
    radio
    magnetic field
    ion scattering
    electron
    radio emission
    thermal energy
    ion
    hadrons
    proximity
    cosmic rays
    positrons

    Keywords

    • Cosmic rays
    • Galaxies: clusters: general
    • Gamma rays: galaxies: clusters
    • Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Astronomy and Astrophysics

    Cite this

    Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Allafort, A., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., ... Ziegler, M. (2010). GeV gamma-ray flux upper limits from clusters of galaxies. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 717(1), L71-L78. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/717/1/L71

    GeV gamma-ray flux upper limits from clusters of galaxies. / Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Allafort, A.; Baldini, L.; Ballet, J.; Barbiellini, G.; Bastieri, D.; Bechtol, K.; Bellazzini, R.; Blandford, R. D.; Blasi, P.; Bloom, E. D.; Bonamente, E.; Borgland, A. W.; Bouvier, A.; Brandt, T. J.; Bregeon, J.; Brigida, M.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Buson, S.; Caliandro, G. A.; Cameron, R. A.; Caraveo, P. A.; Carrigan, S.; Casandjian, J. M.; Cavazzuti, E.; Cecchi, C.; Çelik; Charles, E.; Chekhtman, A.; Cheung, C. C.; Chiang, J.; Ciprini, S.; Claus, R.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; Colafrancesco, S.; Cominsky, L. R.; Conrad, J.; Dermer, C. D.; De Palma, F.; Do Couto E Silva, E.; Drell, P. S.; Dubois, R.; Dumora, D.; Edmonds, Y.; Farnier, C.; Favuzzi, C.; Frailis, M.; Fukazawa, Y.; Funk, S.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Gehrels, N.; Germani, S.; Giglietto, N.; Giordano, F.; Giroletti, M.; Glanzman, T.; Godfrey, G.; Grenier, I. A.; Grondin, M. H.; Guiriec, S.; Hadasch, D.; Harding, A. K.; Hayashida, M.; Hays, E.; Horan, D.; Hughes, R. E.; Jeltema, T. E.; Jóhannesson, G.; Johnson, A. S.; Johnson, T. J.; Johnson, W. N.; Kamae, T.; Katagiri, H.; Kataoka, Jun; Kerr, M.; Knödlseder, J.; Kuss, M.; Lande, J.; Latronico, L.; Lee, S. H.; Lemoine-Goumard, M.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lott, B.; Lovellette, M. N.; Lubrano, P.; Madejski, G. M.; Makeev, A.; Mazziotta, M. N.; Michelson, P. F.; Mitthumsiri, W.; Mizuno, T.; Moiseev, A. A.; Monte, C.; Monzani, M. E.; Morselli, A.; Moskalenko, I. V.; Murgia, S.; Naumann-Godo, M.; Nolan, P. L.; Norris, J. P.; Nuss, E.; Ohsugi, T.; Omodei, N.; Orlando, E.; Ormes, J. F.; Ozaki, M.; Paneque, D.; Panetta, J. H.; Pepe, M.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Petrosian, V.; Pfrommer, C.; Piron, F.; Porter, T. A.; Profumo, S.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Razzano, M.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Reposeur, T.; Ripken, J.; Ritz, S.; Rodriguez, A. Y.; Romani, R. W.; Roth, M.; Sadrozinski, H. F W; Sander, A.; Saz Parkinson, P. M.; Scargle, J. D.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E. J.; Smith, P. D.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Starck, J. L.; Stawarz; Strickman, M. S.; Strong, A. W.; Suson, D. J.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, H.; Takahashi, T.; Tanaka, T.; Thayer, J. B.; Thayer, J. G.; Tibaldo, L.; Tibolla, O.; Torres, D. F.; Tosti, G.; Tramacere, A.; Uchiyama, Y.; Usher, T. L.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Vasileiou, V.; Vilchez, N.; Vitale, V.; Waite, A. P.; Wang, P.; Winer, B. L.; Wood, K. S.; Yang, Z.; Ylinen, T.; Ziegler, M.

    In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 717, No. 1, 01.07.2010, p. L71-L78.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ackermann, M, Ajello, M, Allafort, A, Baldini, L, Ballet, J, Barbiellini, G, Bastieri, D, Bechtol, K, Bellazzini, R, Blandford, RD, Blasi, P, Bloom, ED, Bonamente, E, Borgland, AW, Bouvier, A, Brandt, TJ, Bregeon, J, Brigida, M, Bruel, P, Buehler, R, Buson, S, Caliandro, GA, Cameron, RA, Caraveo, PA, Carrigan, S, Casandjian, JM, Cavazzuti, E, Cecchi, C, Çelik, Charles, E, Chekhtman, A, Cheung, CC, Chiang, J, Ciprini, S, Claus, R, Cohen-Tanugi, J, Colafrancesco, S, Cominsky, LR, Conrad, J, Dermer, CD, De Palma, F, Do Couto E Silva, E, Drell, PS, Dubois, R, Dumora, D, Edmonds, Y, Farnier, C, Favuzzi, C, Frailis, M, Fukazawa, Y, Funk, S, Fusco, P, Gargano, F, Gasparrini, D, Gehrels, N, Germani, S, Giglietto, N, Giordano, F, Giroletti, M, Glanzman, T, Godfrey, G, Grenier, IA, Grondin, MH, Guiriec, S, Hadasch, D, Harding, AK, Hayashida, M, Hays, E, Horan, D, Hughes, RE, Jeltema, TE, Jóhannesson, G, Johnson, AS, Johnson, TJ, Johnson, WN, Kamae, T, Katagiri, H, Kataoka, J, Kerr, M, Knödlseder, J, Kuss, M, Lande, J, Latronico, L, Lee, SH, Lemoine-Goumard, M, Longo, F, Loparco, F, Lott, B, Lovellette, MN, Lubrano, P, Madejski, GM, Makeev, A, Mazziotta, MN, Michelson, PF, Mitthumsiri, W, Mizuno, T, Moiseev, AA, Monte, C, Monzani, ME, Morselli, A, Moskalenko, IV, Murgia, S, Naumann-Godo, M, Nolan, PL, Norris, JP, Nuss, E, Ohsugi, T, Omodei, N, Orlando, E, Ormes, JF, Ozaki, M, Paneque, D, Panetta, JH, Pepe, M, Pesce-Rollins, M, Petrosian, V, Pfrommer, C, Piron, F, Porter, TA, Profumo, S, Rainò, S, Rando, R, Razzano, M, Reimer, A, Reimer, O, Reposeur, T, Ripken, J, Ritz, S, Rodriguez, AY, Romani, RW, Roth, M, Sadrozinski, HFW, Sander, A, Saz Parkinson, PM, Scargle, JD, Sgrò, C, Siskind, EJ, Smith, PD, Spandre, G, Spinelli, P, Starck, JL, Stawarz, Strickman, MS, Strong, AW, Suson, DJ, Tajima, H, Takahashi, H, Takahashi, T, Tanaka, T, Thayer, JB, Thayer, JG, Tibaldo, L, Tibolla, O, Torres, DF, Tosti, G, Tramacere, A, Uchiyama, Y, Usher, TL, Vandenbroucke, J, Vasileiou, V, Vilchez, N, Vitale, V, Waite, AP, Wang, P, Winer, BL, Wood, KS, Yang, Z, Ylinen, T & Ziegler, M 2010, 'GeV gamma-ray flux upper limits from clusters of galaxies', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 717, no. 1, pp. L71-L78. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/717/1/L71
    Ackermann M, Ajello M, Allafort A, Baldini L, Ballet J, Barbiellini G et al. GeV gamma-ray flux upper limits from clusters of galaxies. Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2010 Jul 1;717(1):L71-L78. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/717/1/L71
    Ackermann, M. ; Ajello, M. ; Allafort, A. ; Baldini, L. ; Ballet, J. ; Barbiellini, G. ; Bastieri, D. ; Bechtol, K. ; Bellazzini, R. ; Blandford, R. D. ; Blasi, P. ; Bloom, E. D. ; Bonamente, E. ; Borgland, A. W. ; Bouvier, A. ; Brandt, T. J. ; Bregeon, J. ; Brigida, M. ; Bruel, P. ; Buehler, R. ; Buson, S. ; Caliandro, G. A. ; Cameron, R. A. ; Caraveo, P. A. ; Carrigan, S. ; Casandjian, J. M. ; Cavazzuti, E. ; Cecchi, C. ; Çelik ; Charles, E. ; Chekhtman, A. ; Cheung, C. C. ; Chiang, J. ; Ciprini, S. ; Claus, R. ; Cohen-Tanugi, J. ; Colafrancesco, S. ; Cominsky, L. R. ; Conrad, J. ; Dermer, C. D. ; De Palma, F. ; Do Couto E Silva, E. ; Drell, P. S. ; Dubois, R. ; Dumora, D. ; Edmonds, Y. ; Farnier, C. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Frailis, M. ; Fukazawa, Y. ; Funk, S. ; Fusco, P. ; Gargano, F. ; Gasparrini, D. ; Gehrels, N. ; Germani, S. ; Giglietto, N. ; Giordano, F. ; Giroletti, M. ; Glanzman, T. ; Godfrey, G. ; Grenier, I. A. ; Grondin, M. H. ; Guiriec, S. ; Hadasch, D. ; Harding, A. K. ; Hayashida, M. ; Hays, E. ; Horan, D. ; Hughes, R. E. ; Jeltema, T. E. ; Jóhannesson, G. ; Johnson, A. S. ; Johnson, T. J. ; Johnson, W. N. ; Kamae, T. ; Katagiri, H. ; Kataoka, Jun ; Kerr, M. ; Knödlseder, J. ; Kuss, M. ; Lande, J. ; Latronico, L. ; Lee, S. H. ; Lemoine-Goumard, M. ; Longo, F. ; Loparco, F. ; Lott, B. ; Lovellette, M. N. ; Lubrano, P. ; Madejski, G. M. ; Makeev, A. ; Mazziotta, M. N. ; Michelson, P. F. ; Mitthumsiri, W. ; Mizuno, T. ; Moiseev, A. A. ; Monte, C. ; Monzani, M. E. ; Morselli, A. ; Moskalenko, I. V. ; Murgia, S. ; Naumann-Godo, M. ; Nolan, P. L. ; Norris, J. P. ; Nuss, E. ; Ohsugi, T. ; Omodei, N. ; Orlando, E. ; Ormes, J. F. ; Ozaki, M. ; Paneque, D. ; Panetta, J. H. ; Pepe, M. ; Pesce-Rollins, M. ; Petrosian, V. ; Pfrommer, C. ; Piron, F. ; Porter, T. A. ; Profumo, S. ; Rainò, S. ; Rando, R. ; Razzano, M. ; Reimer, A. ; Reimer, O. ; Reposeur, T. ; Ripken, J. ; Ritz, S. ; Rodriguez, A. Y. ; Romani, R. W. ; Roth, M. ; Sadrozinski, H. F W ; Sander, A. ; Saz Parkinson, P. M. ; Scargle, J. D. ; Sgrò, C. ; Siskind, E. J. ; Smith, P. D. ; Spandre, G. ; Spinelli, P. ; Starck, J. L. ; Stawarz ; Strickman, M. S. ; Strong, A. W. ; Suson, D. J. ; Tajima, H. ; Takahashi, H. ; Takahashi, T. ; Tanaka, T. ; Thayer, J. B. ; Thayer, J. G. ; Tibaldo, L. ; Tibolla, O. ; Torres, D. F. ; Tosti, G. ; Tramacere, A. ; Uchiyama, Y. ; Usher, T. L. ; Vandenbroucke, J. ; Vasileiou, V. ; Vilchez, N. ; Vitale, V. ; Waite, A. P. ; Wang, P. ; Winer, B. L. ; Wood, K. S. ; Yang, Z. ; Ylinen, T. ; Ziegler, M. / GeV gamma-ray flux upper limits from clusters of galaxies. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2010 ; Vol. 717, No. 1. pp. L71-L78.
    @article{bec844e6f19346caabb23ccf48bbd753,
    title = "GeV gamma-ray flux upper limits from clusters of galaxies",
    abstract = "The detection of diffuse radio emission associated with clusters of galaxies indicates populations of relativistic leptons infusing the intraclustermedium (ICM). Those electrons and positrons are either injected into and accelerated directly in the ICM, or produced as secondary pairs by cosmic-ray ions scattering on ambient protons. Radiation mechanisms involving the energetic leptons together with the decay of neutral pions produced by hadronic interactions have the potential to produce abundant GeV photons. Here, we report on the search for GeV emission from clusters of galaxies using data collected by the Large Area Telescope on the FermiGamma-ray Space Telescope from 2008 August to 2010 February. Thirty-three galaxy clusters have been selected according to their proximity and high mass, X-ray flux and temperature, and indications of non-thermal activity for this study. We report upper limits on the photon flux in the range 0.2-100GeVtoward a sample of observed clusters (typical values (1-5)×10-9 photon cm-2 s-1) considering both point-like and spatially resolved models for the high-energy emission and discuss how these results constrain the characteristics of energetic leptons and hadrons, and magnetic fields in the ICM. The volume-averaged relativistic-hadron-to-thermal energy density ratio is found to be <5{\%}-10{\%} in several clusters.",
    keywords = "Cosmic rays, Galaxies: clusters: general, Gamma rays: galaxies: clusters, Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal",
    author = "M. Ackermann and M. Ajello and A. Allafort and L. Baldini and J. Ballet and G. Barbiellini and D. Bastieri and K. Bechtol and R. Bellazzini and Blandford, {R. D.} and P. Blasi and Bloom, {E. D.} and E. Bonamente and Borgland, {A. W.} and A. Bouvier and Brandt, {T. J.} and J. Bregeon and M. Brigida and P. Bruel and R. Buehler and S. Buson and Caliandro, {G. A.} and Cameron, {R. A.} and Caraveo, {P. A.} and S. Carrigan and Casandjian, {J. M.} and E. Cavazzuti and C. Cecchi and {\cC}elik and E. Charles and A. Chekhtman and Cheung, {C. C.} and J. Chiang and S. Ciprini and R. Claus and J. Cohen-Tanugi and S. Colafrancesco and Cominsky, {L. R.} and J. Conrad and Dermer, {C. D.} and {De Palma}, F. and {Do Couto E Silva}, E. and Drell, {P. S.} and R. Dubois and D. Dumora and Y. Edmonds and C. Farnier and C. Favuzzi and M. Frailis and Y. Fukazawa and S. Funk and P. Fusco and F. Gargano and D. Gasparrini and N. Gehrels and S. Germani and N. Giglietto and F. Giordano and M. Giroletti and T. Glanzman and G. Godfrey and Grenier, {I. A.} and Grondin, {M. H.} and S. Guiriec and D. Hadasch and Harding, {A. K.} and M. Hayashida and E. Hays and D. Horan and Hughes, {R. E.} and Jeltema, {T. E.} and G. J{\'o}hannesson and Johnson, {A. S.} and Johnson, {T. J.} and Johnson, {W. N.} and T. Kamae and H. Katagiri and Jun Kataoka and M. Kerr and J. Kn{\"o}dlseder and M. Kuss and J. Lande and L. Latronico and Lee, {S. H.} and M. Lemoine-Goumard and F. Longo and F. Loparco and B. Lott and Lovellette, {M. N.} and P. Lubrano and Madejski, {G. M.} and A. Makeev and Mazziotta, {M. N.} and Michelson, {P. F.} and W. Mitthumsiri and T. Mizuno and Moiseev, {A. A.} and C. Monte and Monzani, {M. E.} and A. Morselli and Moskalenko, {I. V.} and S. Murgia and M. Naumann-Godo and Nolan, {P. L.} and Norris, {J. P.} and E. Nuss and T. Ohsugi and N. Omodei and E. Orlando and Ormes, {J. F.} and M. Ozaki and D. Paneque and Panetta, {J. H.} and M. Pepe and M. Pesce-Rollins and V. Petrosian and C. Pfrommer and F. Piron and Porter, {T. A.} and S. Profumo and S. Rain{\`o} and R. Rando and M. Razzano and A. Reimer and O. Reimer and T. Reposeur and J. Ripken and S. Ritz and Rodriguez, {A. Y.} and Romani, {R. W.} and M. Roth and Sadrozinski, {H. F W} and A. Sander and {Saz Parkinson}, {P. M.} and Scargle, {J. D.} and C. Sgr{\`o} and Siskind, {E. J.} and Smith, {P. D.} and G. Spandre and P. Spinelli and Starck, {J. L.} and Stawarz and Strickman, {M. S.} and Strong, {A. W.} and Suson, {D. J.} and H. Tajima and H. Takahashi and T. Takahashi and T. Tanaka and Thayer, {J. B.} and Thayer, {J. G.} and L. Tibaldo and O. Tibolla and Torres, {D. F.} and G. Tosti and A. Tramacere and Y. Uchiyama and Usher, {T. L.} and J. Vandenbroucke and V. Vasileiou and N. Vilchez and V. Vitale and Waite, {A. P.} and P. Wang and Winer, {B. L.} and Wood, {K. S.} and Z. Yang and T. Ylinen and M. Ziegler",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - GeV gamma-ray flux upper limits from clusters of galaxies

    AU - Ackermann, M.

    AU - Ajello, M.

    AU - Allafort, A.

    AU - Baldini, L.

    AU - Ballet, J.

    AU - Barbiellini, G.

    AU - Bastieri, D.

    AU - Bechtol, K.

    AU - Bellazzini, R.

    AU - Blandford, R. D.

    AU - Blasi, P.

    AU - Bloom, E. D.

    AU - Bonamente, E.

    AU - Borgland, A. W.

    AU - Bouvier, A.

    AU - Brandt, T. J.

    AU - Bregeon, J.

    AU - Brigida, M.

    AU - Bruel, P.

    AU - Buehler, R.

    AU - Buson, S.

    AU - Caliandro, G. A.

    AU - Cameron, R. A.

    AU - Caraveo, P. A.

    AU - Carrigan, S.

    AU - Casandjian, J. M.

    AU - Cavazzuti, E.

    AU - Cecchi, C.

    AU - Çelik,

    AU - Charles, E.

    AU - Chekhtman, A.

    AU - Cheung, C. C.

    AU - Chiang, J.

    AU - Ciprini, S.

    AU - Claus, R.

    AU - Cohen-Tanugi, J.

    AU - Colafrancesco, S.

    AU - Cominsky, L. R.

    AU - Conrad, J.

    AU - Dermer, C. D.

    AU - De Palma, F.

    AU - Do Couto E Silva, E.

    AU - Drell, P. S.

    AU - Dubois, R.

    AU - Dumora, D.

    AU - Edmonds, Y.

    AU - Farnier, C.

    AU - Favuzzi, C.

    AU - Frailis, M.

    AU - Fukazawa, Y.

    AU - Funk, S.

    AU - Fusco, P.

    AU - Gargano, F.

    AU - Gasparrini, D.

    AU - Gehrels, N.

    AU - Germani, S.

    AU - Giglietto, N.

    AU - Giordano, F.

    AU - Giroletti, M.

    AU - Glanzman, T.

    AU - Godfrey, G.

    AU - Grenier, I. A.

    AU - Grondin, M. H.

    AU - Guiriec, S.

    AU - Hadasch, D.

    AU - Harding, A. K.

    AU - Hayashida, M.

    AU - Hays, E.

    AU - Horan, D.

    AU - Hughes, R. E.

    AU - Jeltema, T. E.

    AU - Jóhannesson, G.

    AU - Johnson, A. S.

    AU - Johnson, T. J.

    AU - Johnson, W. N.

    AU - Kamae, T.

    AU - Katagiri, H.

    AU - Kataoka, Jun

    AU - Kerr, M.

    AU - Knödlseder, J.

    AU - Kuss, M.

    AU - Lande, J.

    AU - Latronico, L.

    AU - Lee, S. H.

    AU - Lemoine-Goumard, M.

    AU - Longo, F.

    AU - Loparco, F.

    AU - Lott, B.

    AU - Lovellette, M. N.

    AU - Lubrano, P.

    AU - Madejski, G. M.

    AU - Makeev, A.

    AU - Mazziotta, M. N.

    AU - Michelson, P. F.

    AU - Mitthumsiri, W.

    AU - Mizuno, T.

    AU - Moiseev, A. A.

    AU - Monte, C.

    AU - Monzani, M. E.

    AU - Morselli, A.

    AU - Moskalenko, I. V.

    AU - Murgia, S.

    AU - Naumann-Godo, M.

    AU - Nolan, P. L.

    AU - Norris, J. P.

    AU - Nuss, E.

    AU - Ohsugi, T.

    AU - Omodei, N.

    AU - Orlando, E.

    AU - Ormes, J. F.

    AU - Ozaki, M.

    AU - Paneque, D.

    AU - Panetta, J. H.

    AU - Pepe, M.

    AU - Pesce-Rollins, M.

    AU - Petrosian, V.

    AU - Pfrommer, C.

    AU - Piron, F.

    AU - Porter, T. A.

    AU - Profumo, S.

    AU - Rainò, S.

    AU - Rando, R.

    AU - Razzano, M.

    AU - Reimer, A.

    AU - Reimer, O.

    AU - Reposeur, T.

    AU - Ripken, J.

    AU - Ritz, S.

    AU - Rodriguez, A. Y.

    AU - Romani, R. W.

    AU - Roth, M.

    AU - Sadrozinski, H. F W

    AU - Sander, A.

    AU - Saz Parkinson, P. M.

    AU - Scargle, J. D.

    AU - Sgrò, C.

    AU - Siskind, E. J.

    AU - Smith, P. D.

    AU - Spandre, G.

    AU - Spinelli, P.

    AU - Starck, J. L.

    AU - Stawarz,

    AU - Strickman, M. S.

    AU - Strong, A. W.

    AU - Suson, D. J.

    AU - Tajima, H.

    AU - Takahashi, H.

    AU - Takahashi, T.

    AU - Tanaka, T.

    AU - Thayer, J. B.

    AU - Thayer, J. G.

    AU - Tibaldo, L.

    AU - Tibolla, O.

    AU - Torres, D. F.

    AU - Tosti, G.

    AU - Tramacere, A.

    AU - Uchiyama, Y.

    AU - Usher, T. L.

    AU - Vandenbroucke, J.

    AU - Vasileiou, V.

    AU - Vilchez, N.

    AU - Vitale, V.

    AU - Waite, A. P.

    AU - Wang, P.

    AU - Winer, B. L.

    AU - Wood, K. S.

    AU - Yang, Z.

    AU - Ylinen, T.

    AU - Ziegler, M.

    PY - 2010/7/1

    Y1 - 2010/7/1

    N2 - The detection of diffuse radio emission associated with clusters of galaxies indicates populations of relativistic leptons infusing the intraclustermedium (ICM). Those electrons and positrons are either injected into and accelerated directly in the ICM, or produced as secondary pairs by cosmic-ray ions scattering on ambient protons. Radiation mechanisms involving the energetic leptons together with the decay of neutral pions produced by hadronic interactions have the potential to produce abundant GeV photons. Here, we report on the search for GeV emission from clusters of galaxies using data collected by the Large Area Telescope on the FermiGamma-ray Space Telescope from 2008 August to 2010 February. Thirty-three galaxy clusters have been selected according to their proximity and high mass, X-ray flux and temperature, and indications of non-thermal activity for this study. We report upper limits on the photon flux in the range 0.2-100GeVtoward a sample of observed clusters (typical values (1-5)×10-9 photon cm-2 s-1) considering both point-like and spatially resolved models for the high-energy emission and discuss how these results constrain the characteristics of energetic leptons and hadrons, and magnetic fields in the ICM. The volume-averaged relativistic-hadron-to-thermal energy density ratio is found to be <5%-10% in several clusters.

    AB - The detection of diffuse radio emission associated with clusters of galaxies indicates populations of relativistic leptons infusing the intraclustermedium (ICM). Those electrons and positrons are either injected into and accelerated directly in the ICM, or produced as secondary pairs by cosmic-ray ions scattering on ambient protons. Radiation mechanisms involving the energetic leptons together with the decay of neutral pions produced by hadronic interactions have the potential to produce abundant GeV photons. Here, we report on the search for GeV emission from clusters of galaxies using data collected by the Large Area Telescope on the FermiGamma-ray Space Telescope from 2008 August to 2010 February. Thirty-three galaxy clusters have been selected according to their proximity and high mass, X-ray flux and temperature, and indications of non-thermal activity for this study. We report upper limits on the photon flux in the range 0.2-100GeVtoward a sample of observed clusters (typical values (1-5)×10-9 photon cm-2 s-1) considering both point-like and spatially resolved models for the high-energy emission and discuss how these results constrain the characteristics of energetic leptons and hadrons, and magnetic fields in the ICM. The volume-averaged relativistic-hadron-to-thermal energy density ratio is found to be <5%-10% in several clusters.

    KW - Cosmic rays

    KW - Galaxies: clusters: general

    KW - Gamma rays: galaxies: clusters

    KW - Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78650149596&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78650149596&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1088/2041-8205/717/1/L71

    DO - 10.1088/2041-8205/717/1/L71

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:78650149596

    VL - 717

    SP - L71-L78

    JO - Astrophysical Journal Letters

    JF - Astrophysical Journal Letters

    SN - 2041-8205

    IS - 1

    ER -