We consider a nonlinear diffusion equation proposed by Shigesada and Okubo which describes phytoplankton growth dynamics with a selfs-hading effect. We show that the following alternative holds: Either (i) the trivial stationary solution which vanishes everywhere is a unique stationary solution and is globally stable, or (ii) the trivial solution is unstable and there exists a unique positive stationary solution which is globally stable. A criterion for the existence of positive stationary solutions is stated in terms of three parameters included in the equation.
- Global stability
- Nonlinear diffusion equation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mathematics (miscellaneous)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)