Glycosylceramides from marine green microalga Tetraselmis sp.

Atsushi Arakaki, Daisuke Iwama, Yue Liang, Nagisa Murakami, Masaharu Ishikura, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Tadashi Matsunaga

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glycosylceramides are ubiquitous and important components of the plasma membrane in most eukaryotic cells and a few bacteria. They play significant roles in a variety of cellular functions. Their molecular structures are well recognized in animals, higher plants, and fungi, but are poorly characterized in lower plants. In this study, a high glycosylceramide-producing microalgal strain Tetraselmis sp. NKG 400013 was found. TLC and MS analyses established the presence of glycosylceramides, GT1 and GT2, in this strain. Their chemical structures were determined by NMR spectroscopy and GC/MS, and were identified as glycosylceramides consisting of the typical botanical sphingoid base ([4E, 8E]-sphinga-4, 8-dienine) and 2-hydroxy-Δ3-unsaturated fatty acyl chains, respectively. To our knowledge, the occurrence of glycosylceramides in microalga of the class Prasinophyceae was previously unknown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalPhytochemistry
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Δ3-unsaturatation
  • Glucosylceramides
  • Prasinophyceae
  • Sphingolipids
  • Tetraselmis sp.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Horticulture

Cite this

Arakaki, A., Iwama, D., Liang, Y., Murakami, N., Ishikura, M., Tanaka, T., & Matsunaga, T. (2013). Glycosylceramides from marine green microalga Tetraselmis sp. Phytochemistry, 85, 107-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2012.09.006