Glycosylceramides from marine green microalga Tetraselmis sp.

Atsushi Arakaki, Daisuke Iwama, Yue Liang, Nagisa Murakami, Masaharu Ishikura, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Tadashi Matsunaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glycosylceramides are ubiquitous and important components of the plasma membrane in most eukaryotic cells and a few bacteria. They play significant roles in a variety of cellular functions. Their molecular structures are well recognized in animals, higher plants, and fungi, but are poorly characterized in lower plants. In this study, a high glycosylceramide-producing microalgal strain Tetraselmis sp. NKG 400013 was found. TLC and MS analyses established the presence of glycosylceramides, GT1 and GT2, in this strain. Their chemical structures were determined by NMR spectroscopy and GC/MS, and were identified as glycosylceramides consisting of the typical botanical sphingoid base ([4E, 8E]-sphinga-4, 8-dienine) and 2-hydroxy-Δ3-unsaturated fatty acyl chains, respectively. To our knowledge, the occurrence of glycosylceramides in microalga of the class Prasinophyceae was previously unknown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalPhytochemistry
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tetraselmis
Sphinga
chemical structure
Eukaryotic Cells
Cell membranes
Molecular Structure
Fungi
Molecular structure
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
eukaryotic cells
nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Bacteria
Animals
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
plasma membrane
Cell Membrane
fungi
bacteria
animals

Keywords

  • Δ3-unsaturatation
  • Glucosylceramides
  • Prasinophyceae
  • Sphingolipids
  • Tetraselmis sp.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Horticulture

Cite this

Arakaki, A., Iwama, D., Liang, Y., Murakami, N., Ishikura, M., Tanaka, T., & Matsunaga, T. (2013). Glycosylceramides from marine green microalga Tetraselmis sp. Phytochemistry, 85, 107-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2012.09.006

Glycosylceramides from marine green microalga Tetraselmis sp. / Arakaki, Atsushi; Iwama, Daisuke; Liang, Yue; Murakami, Nagisa; Ishikura, Masaharu; Tanaka, Tsuyoshi; Matsunaga, Tadashi.

In: Phytochemistry, Vol. 85, 01.2013, p. 107-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arakaki, A, Iwama, D, Liang, Y, Murakami, N, Ishikura, M, Tanaka, T & Matsunaga, T 2013, 'Glycosylceramides from marine green microalga Tetraselmis sp.', Phytochemistry, vol. 85, pp. 107-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2012.09.006
Arakaki A, Iwama D, Liang Y, Murakami N, Ishikura M, Tanaka T et al. Glycosylceramides from marine green microalga Tetraselmis sp. Phytochemistry. 2013 Jan;85:107-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2012.09.006
Arakaki, Atsushi ; Iwama, Daisuke ; Liang, Yue ; Murakami, Nagisa ; Ishikura, Masaharu ; Tanaka, Tsuyoshi ; Matsunaga, Tadashi. / Glycosylceramides from marine green microalga Tetraselmis sp. In: Phytochemistry. 2013 ; Vol. 85. pp. 107-114.
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