Going beyond crosscountry averages: Growth, inequality and poverty reduction in the Philippines

Arsenio M. Balisacan, Nobuhiko Fuwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)


This paper analyzes the processes of growth and poverty reduction simultaneously under a neoclassical growth model framework, using provincial data from the Philippines. We obtain a high rate of provincial income convergence and a tradeoff between equity and growth. The lack of political competition inhibits growth. Land reform is positively associated with growth and poverty reduction while higher agricultural terms of trade facilitate poverty reduction. The "growth elasticity of poverty reduction" is low by international standards but is sensitive to sectoral income composition and initial conditions in poverty incidence, mortality rate and irrigation coverage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1891-1907
Number of pages17
JournalWorld Development
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov
Externally publishedYes



  • Asia
  • Growth and inequality
  • Politics and growth
  • Poverty reduction
  • The Philippines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Development
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Sociology and Political Science

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