Gourdron theory: Revealing synthetically the masses for biological molecular particles of DNA and proteins and abiological particles of quarks and leptons

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present report, we examine whether or not there are similar and different characteristics between biological molecular particles and non-living ones such as quark and leptons. While the Newton, Schrodinger, and Boltzmann equations and elementary particle theories describe only a narrow range of scales, the present statistic-fluid dynamic theory having only one arbitrary constant synthetically reveals masses as well as frequencies of various particles of quarks, leptons, W-Z bosons, Higgs boson, plank mass, hadrons, atoms, biological molecules, liquid droplets, living cells, biological organs, and stars. This is possible because each flexible particle is commonly generated by a mode in which a larger particle breaks up into two smaller ones through a gourd shape (gourdron) with two lumps rather than strings. These masses and frequencies dominated by the super-magic numbers, including the asymmetrically golden and symmetrically yamato ratios, can be derived by a quasi-stability principle weaker than neutral stability. The primordial mechanism underlying various types of symmetry breaking and the natural four forces including gravity is also revealed by this theory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-143
Number of pages11
JournalArtificial Life and Robotics
Volume18
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 15

Keywords

  • Biological
  • Interdisciplinary
  • Quark-lepton
  • Quasi-stability
  • Symmetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Artificial Intelligence

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