GRB 050117: Simultaneous gamma-ray and X-ray observations with the swift satellite

Joanne E. Hill, David C. Morris, Takanori Sakamoto, Goro Sato, David N. Burrows, Lorella Angelini, Claudio Pagani, Alberto Moretti, Antony F. Abbey, Scott Barthelmy, Andrew P. Beardmore, Vadim V. Biryukov, Sergio Campana, Milvia Capalbi, Giancarlo Cusumano, Paolo Giommi, Mansur A. Ibrahimov, Jamie Kennea, Shiho Kobayashi, Kunihito IokaCraig Markwardt, Peter Mész, Paul T. O'Brien, Julian P. Osborne, Alexei S. Pozanenko, Matteo Perri, Vasilij V. Rumyantsev, Patricia Schady, Dmitri A. Sharapov, Gianpiero Tagliaferri, Bing Zhang, Guido Chincarini, Neil Gehrels, Alan Wells, John A. Nousek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Explorer performed its first autonomous, X-ray follow-up to a newly detected GRB on 2005 January 17, within 193 s of the burst trigger by the Swift Burst Alert Telescope. While the burst was still in progress, the X-Ray Telescope (XRT) obtained a position and an image for an uncataloged X-ray source simultaneously with the gamma-ray observation. The XRT observed flux during the prompt emission was 1.1 × 10-8 ergs cm-2 s-1 in the 0.5-10 keV energy band. The emission in the X-ray band decreased by 3 orders of magnitude within 700 s, following the prompt emission. This is found to be consistent with the gamma-ray decay when extrapolated into the XRT energy band. During the following 6.3 hr, the XRT observed the afterglow in an automated sequence for an additional 947 s, until the burst became fully obscured by the Earth limb. A faint, extremely slowly decaying afterglow, α = -0.21, was detected. Finally, a break in the light curve occurred and the flux decayed with α < -1.2. The X-ray position triggered many follow-up observations: no optical afterglow could be confirmed, although a candidate was identified 3″ from the XRT position.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-310
Number of pages8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume639
Issue number1 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Mar 1

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gamma rays
telescopes
x rays
bursts
afterglows
energy bands
Earth limb
gamma ray bursts
erg
light curve
energy
limb
actuators
decay

Keywords

  • Gamma rays: bursts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Hill, J. E., Morris, D. C., Sakamoto, T., Sato, G., Burrows, D. N., Angelini, L., ... Nousek, J. A. (2006). GRB 050117: Simultaneous gamma-ray and X-ray observations with the swift satellite. Astrophysical Journal, 639(1 I), 303-310. https://doi.org/10.1086/498443

GRB 050117 : Simultaneous gamma-ray and X-ray observations with the swift satellite. / Hill, Joanne E.; Morris, David C.; Sakamoto, Takanori; Sato, Goro; Burrows, David N.; Angelini, Lorella; Pagani, Claudio; Moretti, Alberto; Abbey, Antony F.; Barthelmy, Scott; Beardmore, Andrew P.; Biryukov, Vadim V.; Campana, Sergio; Capalbi, Milvia; Cusumano, Giancarlo; Giommi, Paolo; Ibrahimov, Mansur A.; Kennea, Jamie; Kobayashi, Shiho; Ioka, Kunihito; Markwardt, Craig; Mész, Peter; O'Brien, Paul T.; Osborne, Julian P.; Pozanenko, Alexei S.; Perri, Matteo; Rumyantsev, Vasilij V.; Schady, Patricia; Sharapov, Dmitri A.; Tagliaferri, Gianpiero; Zhang, Bing; Chincarini, Guido; Gehrels, Neil; Wells, Alan; Nousek, John A.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 639, No. 1 I, 01.03.2006, p. 303-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hill, JE, Morris, DC, Sakamoto, T, Sato, G, Burrows, DN, Angelini, L, Pagani, C, Moretti, A, Abbey, AF, Barthelmy, S, Beardmore, AP, Biryukov, VV, Campana, S, Capalbi, M, Cusumano, G, Giommi, P, Ibrahimov, MA, Kennea, J, Kobayashi, S, Ioka, K, Markwardt, C, Mész, P, O'Brien, PT, Osborne, JP, Pozanenko, AS, Perri, M, Rumyantsev, VV, Schady, P, Sharapov, DA, Tagliaferri, G, Zhang, B, Chincarini, G, Gehrels, N, Wells, A & Nousek, JA 2006, 'GRB 050117: Simultaneous gamma-ray and X-ray observations with the swift satellite', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 639, no. 1 I, pp. 303-310. https://doi.org/10.1086/498443
Hill JE, Morris DC, Sakamoto T, Sato G, Burrows DN, Angelini L et al. GRB 050117: Simultaneous gamma-ray and X-ray observations with the swift satellite. Astrophysical Journal. 2006 Mar 1;639(1 I):303-310. https://doi.org/10.1086/498443
Hill, Joanne E. ; Morris, David C. ; Sakamoto, Takanori ; Sato, Goro ; Burrows, David N. ; Angelini, Lorella ; Pagani, Claudio ; Moretti, Alberto ; Abbey, Antony F. ; Barthelmy, Scott ; Beardmore, Andrew P. ; Biryukov, Vadim V. ; Campana, Sergio ; Capalbi, Milvia ; Cusumano, Giancarlo ; Giommi, Paolo ; Ibrahimov, Mansur A. ; Kennea, Jamie ; Kobayashi, Shiho ; Ioka, Kunihito ; Markwardt, Craig ; Mész, Peter ; O'Brien, Paul T. ; Osborne, Julian P. ; Pozanenko, Alexei S. ; Perri, Matteo ; Rumyantsev, Vasilij V. ; Schady, Patricia ; Sharapov, Dmitri A. ; Tagliaferri, Gianpiero ; Zhang, Bing ; Chincarini, Guido ; Gehrels, Neil ; Wells, Alan ; Nousek, John A. / GRB 050117 : Simultaneous gamma-ray and X-ray observations with the swift satellite. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 639, No. 1 I. pp. 303-310.
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AU - Hill, Joanne E.

AU - Morris, David C.

AU - Sakamoto, Takanori

AU - Sato, Goro

AU - Burrows, David N.

AU - Angelini, Lorella

AU - Pagani, Claudio

AU - Moretti, Alberto

AU - Abbey, Antony F.

AU - Barthelmy, Scott

AU - Beardmore, Andrew P.

AU - Biryukov, Vadim V.

AU - Campana, Sergio

AU - Capalbi, Milvia

AU - Cusumano, Giancarlo

AU - Giommi, Paolo

AU - Ibrahimov, Mansur A.

AU - Kennea, Jamie

AU - Kobayashi, Shiho

AU - Ioka, Kunihito

AU - Markwardt, Craig

AU - Mész, Peter

AU - O'Brien, Paul T.

AU - Osborne, Julian P.

AU - Pozanenko, Alexei S.

AU - Perri, Matteo

AU - Rumyantsev, Vasilij V.

AU - Schady, Patricia

AU - Sharapov, Dmitri A.

AU - Tagliaferri, Gianpiero

AU - Zhang, Bing

AU - Chincarini, Guido

AU - Gehrels, Neil

AU - Wells, Alan

AU - Nousek, John A.

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N2 - The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Explorer performed its first autonomous, X-ray follow-up to a newly detected GRB on 2005 January 17, within 193 s of the burst trigger by the Swift Burst Alert Telescope. While the burst was still in progress, the X-Ray Telescope (XRT) obtained a position and an image for an uncataloged X-ray source simultaneously with the gamma-ray observation. The XRT observed flux during the prompt emission was 1.1 × 10-8 ergs cm-2 s-1 in the 0.5-10 keV energy band. The emission in the X-ray band decreased by 3 orders of magnitude within 700 s, following the prompt emission. This is found to be consistent with the gamma-ray decay when extrapolated into the XRT energy band. During the following 6.3 hr, the XRT observed the afterglow in an automated sequence for an additional 947 s, until the burst became fully obscured by the Earth limb. A faint, extremely slowly decaying afterglow, α = -0.21, was detected. Finally, a break in the light curve occurred and the flux decayed with α < -1.2. The X-ray position triggered many follow-up observations: no optical afterglow could be confirmed, although a candidate was identified 3″ from the XRT position.

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