Nonpolar AlN (11 2- 0) and (1 1- 00) films were grown on SiC substrates by flow-rate modulation epitaxy (FME), wherein trimethylaluminum and N H3 were alternately supplied. FME provides both AlN (11 2- 0) and (1 1- 00) films with good crystallinity and smooth surfaces, whereas AlN (1 1- 00) films obtained by conventional metal-organic chemical vapor deposition exhibit poor crystallinity and rough surfaces with deep trenches consisting of (000 1-) and (1 1- 01) N-face microfacets. FME effectively eliminates these trenches, because the microfacets are unstable and have faster growth rates because of the enhanced migration of Al atoms in the absence of excess N surface coverage under the Al-rich condition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)